Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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Anselm March 3 + 803. Of noble origin, Anselm became a monk and founded one monastery in Fanano near Modena in Italy and a second one in Nonantola. He attached hospitals and hostels to both.

Wittikund Jan 7 + c 804. A noble from Westphalia in Germany, he was converted by a vision and baptised in 785. He was zealous in spreading Christianity and restoring churches.

Maurontus Oct 21 + c 804. Abbot of St Victor at Marseilles, he became bishop of the same city in c 767.

Ethelhard May 12 + 805. Born in Louth in Lincolnshire in England, he became the fifteenth Archbishop of Canterbury in 793. This was a time of political upheaval under Offa of Mercia who tried to abuse and dominate the Church like Charlemagne on the Continent. St Ethelhard resisted him.

Urbitius (Úrbez) Dec 15 + c 805. By tradition he was born in Bordeaux and became a monk in France but became a prisoner of the Saracens and was taken to Spain. He managed to escape and settled as a hermit in the valley of Nocito in the Pyrenees near Huesca.

Gerold June 14 + 806. A monk of Fontenelle and from 787 Bishop of Evreux in France.

Swithbert the Younger Apr 30 + 807. Born in England, he joined the missionaries in Germany and became Bishop of Werden in Westphalia.

Tanco (Tancho, Tatta) Feb 6 + 808. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Amalbarich in Saxony and eventually Bishop of Werden in Germany. He was martyred by pagans whose savage customs he had denounced.

Ludger March 26 + 809. Born in Frisia, he returned to his homeland from England, but mainly preached in Westphalia of which he is the Apostle. His gentleness did more to attract the Saxons to Christ than all the brutal armies of Charlemagne. He lived for a time at Montecassino in Italy. He was the first Bishop of Münster in Germany.

Simbert (Simpert, Sinthert) Oct 13 + c 809. A monk and Abbot of Murbach near Colmar in Alsace in France. In 778 he became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany

Alburgh (Alburga) Dec 25 + c 810. Sister of St Egbert of Wessex in England and wife of Wulstan of Wiltshire, she founded a convent in Wilton near Salisbury, where she became a nun in her widowhood.

Harduin Apr 20 + 811. Born near Rouen he became a monk at Fontenelle in France (749). After a time he went to live as a hermit nearby and copied writings of the Fathers.

William of Gellone May 28 755-812. After a military career, he built a monastery at Gellone in France not far from Aniane which he filled with monks. Later the monastery was named after him Saint-Guilhem-du-Desert.

John Aug 27 + 813. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in the north of Italy 801-813.

Ida of Herzfeld Sept 4 + c 813. Happily married, she was widowed when she was still very young. She founded the convent of Herzfeld in Westphalia in Germany and devoted herself to good works.

Angilbert Feb 18 c 740-814. His early life was worldly, but later he became a model Abbot of St Riquier in the north of France where there were some 300 monks.

Rathard Aug 8 + 815. A noble who became a priest and founded the monastery of Diessen in Germany

Geminus Oct 9 + ? 815. A monk at Sanpaterniano de Fano in Umbria in Italy. He is the patron-saint of San Gemini.

Tuto (Totto) Nov 19 + 815. Founder in 764 of the monastery of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany.

Leo III June 12 + 816. Born in Rome, he became Pope of Rome in 795. He suffered much from political factions in Rome and was himself seized and tortured. Leo refused to add the filioque to the Nicene Creed.

Walderic Nov 29 + c 817. Founder of the monastery of Murrhardt in Germany.

Dominic of Comacchio June 21 + c 820. A monk at Comacchio near Venice in Italy.

Benedict July 15 + c 820. Bishop of Angers in the west of France.

Utto Oct 3 c 750-820. Founder of the monastery of Metten in Bavaria in Germany.

Sabinus (Savin) Oct 9 + c? 820 Venerated as one of the Apostles of the Lavedan in the Pyrenees in France.

Benedict of Aniane Feb 11 c 750-821. A Visigoth, by name Witiza, he was born in Languedoc in France. In 773 he became a monk at Saint-Seine near Dijon and in 779 founded a monastery in Languedoc by a stream called Aniane. The Emperor asked him to oversee monasteries in Languedoc, Provence and Gascony and eventually all those in French and Germany.

Kenelm July 17 + 821. Son of King Coenwulf of Mercia in England. By tradition he was murdered in the forest of Clent and buried in Winchcombe.

Eigil (Aeigilus) Dec 17 + 822. A monk at Fulda in Germany, he became Abbot there in 817.

Blaithmaic (Blathmac, Blaithmale) Jan 15 + c 823. An abbot from Ireland who went to Scotland and was martyred by the Danes on the altar steps of the church of Iona.

Adalard July 15 + c 824. Called the younger, he was a monk at Corbie in France.

Paulinus of Sinigaglia May 4 + 826. Bishop and now patron-saint of Sinigaglia in Italy.

Adalard Jan 2 c 751-827. He entered the monastery of Corbie in the north of France, where he became abbot. Exiled, he founded New Corbie (Corvey) in Saxony in Germany.

Hildegrin June 19 + c 827. Younger brother of St Ludger, whom he helped in enlightening the Saxons. He became Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France and then Abbot of Werden in Germany.

Angelelmus July 7 + 828. Abbot of Sts Gervase and Protase in Auxerre in France and then bishop there.

Apollinaris Nov 27 + 828. The fourteenth Abbot of Montecassino in Italy, abbot for eleven years.

Nidger (Nidgar, Nitgar) Apr 15 + c 829. Abbot of Ottobeuren in Bavaria. He became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany.

Glastian Jan 28 + 830. The patron saint of Kinglassie in Fife in Scotland. He made peace between the Picts and the Scots.

Erluph Feb 10 + 830. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Werden in Germany and was martyred by pagans.

Antoninus of Sorrento Feb 14 + 830. A monk in one of the daughter monasteries of Montecassino in Italy. Forced to leave his monastery by the wars raging in the country, he became a hermit, until he was invited by the people of Sorrento to live among them. He did so as Abbot of St Agrippinus. He is now venerated as the patron-saint of that town.

Angus March 11 + c 830. Known as 'the Culdee'. A monk at Clonenagh in Ireland and then at Tallacht, he is remembered for his celebrated hymn to the saints, called Felire. From Tallacht he returned to Clonenagh where he became a bishop.

Haruch July 15 + c 830. Bishop near Werden in Germany

Erlafrid Nov 6 + c 830. He founded the monastery of Hirschau in Germany, where he became a monk.

Ymar Nov 12 + c 830. A monk at the monastery of Reculver in Kent in England, he was martyred by the Danes.

Ansegisus July 20 c 770-833. A monk at Fontenelle in France at the age of eighteen, he later restored several monasteries.

Aigulphus (Ayoul, Aieul, Aout, Hou) May 22 + c 835. After an excellent education he chose to live as a hermit. However, about the year 812 he was made Bishop of Bourges in France against his will.

John IV of Naples June 22 + 835. Known as 'the Peacemaker', he was Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he is venerated as a patron-saint.

Etheldritha (Alfreda) Aug 2 + c 835. Daughter of King Offa of Mercia. She lived as an anchoress at Crowland in Lincolnshire in England after the murder of her betrothed, St Ethelbert.

Deusdedit Oct 9 + 836. A monk at Montecassino in Italy, he was chosen abbot about the year 830 and was noted for his almsgiving. To extort money from him, a tyrant ill-treated and imprisoned him. He died in prison of hunger and misery and was venerated as a martyr.

Guinoc Apr 13 + c 838. A bishop in Scotland.

Frederick July 18 + 838. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 820 on, he was murdered while in church in Maastricht.

Ansovinus March 13 + 840. Born in Camerino in Italy, after living as a hermit at Castel Raimondo near Torcello, he became bishop of his native town. He accepted the office on condition that his see should be exempt from the service of recruiting soldiers, then imposed on most bishops.

Berthanc (Berchan) Apr 6 + c 840. A monk at Iona in Scotland and later Bishop of Kirkwall in the Orkneys. He seems to have died in Ireland and been buried at Inishmore in Galway Bay.

Arnulf Oct 31 + c 840. A monk at Novalese in Piedmont in Italy, martyred by the Saracens.

Aldericus (Aldric, Audri) Oct 10 790-841. Born in the Gatinais in France, he became a monk at Ferrières. The Archbishop of Sens took him into his clergy and he became Archbishop himself in 828.

Heldrad (Eldrad) March 13 + 842. Born in Provence in France, he spent his fortune on good works and went to Rome as a pilgrim. Then he became a monk at the monastery of Novalese in Italy and was abbot there for thirty years.

Ardo March 7 + 843. Born in Languedoc in France, he changed his name from Smaragdus on becoming a monk at Aniane with its first Abbot, St Benedict, whom he later succeeded as abbot.

Gohardus June 25 + 843. Bishop of Nantes in France, he was martyred by raiding Normans while celebrating the liturgy. Many monks and priests suffered with him.

Sulpicius of Bayeux Sept 4 + 843. Bishop of Bayeux in France from c 838 to 843. He was martyred by the Vikings in Livry.

Paulinus of Capua Oct 10 + 843. A pilgrim, perhaps from England, who stayed in Capua in Italy and was forced by the inhabitants to become their bishop. After an episcopate of eight years he reposed in Sicopolis where he had fled during the invasion of the Saracens.

Hildemar Dec 10 + c 844. A monk at Corbie who became Bishop of Beauvais in France in 821.

Nithard Feb 4 + 845. A monk at Corbie in Saxony in Germany and a companion of St Ansgar whom he followed to Sweden as a missionary. He was martyred there by pagan Swedes.

Ava (Avia) Apr 29 + c 845. A niece of King Pepin, in her childhood and youth she was blind, but she was miraculously healed by St Rainfredis. She became a nun at Denain in Hainault, now in Belgium, where she became abbess.

Benedict of Macerae Oct 22 + 845. A Greek abbot who fled from Petras and settled in Macerac near Nantes in France.

Deochar (Theutger or Gottlieb) June 7 + 847. A hermit in Franconia in Germany, he became the first abbot of the monastery of Herriedon.

Lufthild Jan 23 + ? 850. A saint honoured near Cologne in Germany, where she lived as an anchoress.

Medrald (Mérald, Méraut) Feb 23 + c 850. A monk at Saint-Evroult (Ebrulfus) of Ouche in France. Later he became Abbot of Vendôme.

Wistan (Winston) June 1 + 850. Of the royal house of Mercia in England, he was murdered at Wistanstow in Shropshire and was buried at Repton. His relics were later enshrined in Evesham.

Badulf (Badour, Badolf) Aug 19 + c 850. A monk and Abbot of Ainay near Lyons in France.

Maura Sept 21 + 850. A holy virgin in Troyes in France, she reposed at the age of twenty-three after a life of prayer and good works.

Adolphus and John Sept 27 + c 850. Two brothers born in Seville in Spain of a Moorish father and a Christian mother. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.

Adalgis Oct 7 c 850. Bishop of Novara in Italy c 830-c 850. He is buried in the church of San Gaudenzio.

Perfectus Apr 18 + 851 A priest in Cordoba in Spain, martyred by Muslims on Easter Sunday.

Isaac June 3 + 851. Born in Cordoba in Spain, he became proficient in Arabic and a notary under the Moorish government. He resigned in order to become a monk at Tabanos, a few miles from Cordoba. During a public debate in Cordoba he denounced Mohammed and was martyred.

Sancho (Sanctius, Sancius) June 5 + 851. Born in Albi in France, he was taken to Cordoba in Spain as a prisoner of war, educated at the Moorish court, and enrolled in the guards of the Emir. He was martyred by impalement for his refusal to embrace Islam.

Peter, Wallabonsus, Sabinian, Wistremundus, Habentius and Jeremiah June 7 + 851. Peter was a priest; Wallabonsus, a deacon; Sabinian and Wistremundus, monks of St Zoilus in Cordoba in Spain; Habentius, a monk of St Christopher's; Jeremiah, a very old man, had founded the monastery of Tábanos, near Cordoba. For publicly denouncing Mohammed they were martyred under Abderrahman in Cordoba. Jeremiah was scourged to death; the others were beheaded.

Sisenandus July 16 + 851. Born in Badajoz in Estremadura, he became a deacon in the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded under Abderrahman II.

Paul of St Zoilus July 20 + 851. A deacon in Cordoba in Spain who belonged to the monastery of St Zoilus and who was very zealous in ministering to Christians imprisoned by the Muslims. He was beheaded for the Orthodox Faith and his relics were enshrined in the church of St Zoilus.

Theodemir July 25 + 851. A monk martyred in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.

Nunilo and Alodia Oct 22 + 851. Two sisters born in Adahuesca in Huesca in Spain. Daughters of a Muslim father and Christian mother, they were raised as Christians. After the death of their father, their mother married another Muslim, who brutally persecuted them and had them imprisoned. They were finally beheaded in Huesca during the persecution of Abderrahman II.

Gusemindus and Servusdei Jan 13 + 852. Two martyrs, one a parish-priest, the other a monk, who suffered in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.

George, Aurelius and Natalia, Felix and Liliosa July 27 + 852. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman II. Aurelius and Felix, with their wives, Natalia and Liliosa, were Spaniards; but the deacon George was a monk from Palestine, who, though offered pardon as a foreigner, chose martyrdom for Christ with the others.

Leovigild and Christopher Aug 19 + 852. Leovigild was a monk and pastor in Cordoba in Spain and Christopher a monk of the monastery of St Martin de La Rojana near Cordoba. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.

Emilas and Jeremiah Sept 15 + 852. Two young men, the former of whom was a deacon, imprisoned and beheaded in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman.

Rogelius and Servus-Dei Sept 16 + 852. A monk and his young disciple martyred in Cordoba in Spain for publicly denouncing Islam.

Fandilas June 13 + 853. A priest and Abbot of Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded in Cordoba by order of the Emir Mohammed.

Anastasius, Felix and Digna June 14 + 853. Anastasius was a deacon of the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain, who became a monk at Tábanos near the same town. Felix was born in Alcalá of a Berber family, became a monk in Asturias but joined the monastery at Tábanos, hoping for martyrdom. Digna belonged to the convent there. The three were among the first to confess Christ in Cordoba and were beheaded by order of the Caliph.

Benildis June 15 + 853. A woman of Cordoba in Spain who was so moved by the courage of the priest Athanasius during his martyrdom at the hands of the Moors, that she braved death at the stake on the following day. Her ashes were thrown into the Guadalquivir.

Pomposa Sept 19 + 853. A nun at Peñamelaria near Cordoba in Spain. She was beheaded by the Moors in Cordoba.

Columba Sept 17 + 853. Born in Cordoba and a nun at Tábanos, she was driven from there by the Moorish persecution of 852. She took refuge in Cordoba in Spain, where, being called on to deny Christ, she openly rejected Mohammed and was beheaded.

Abundius July 11 + 854. A parish priest in Ananelos, a village near Cordoba in Spain. He had no thought of martyrdom, but when he had to, he bravely confessed Christ before the tribunal of the Moorish Caliph of Cordoba. He was beheaded and his body was thrown to the dogs.

Amator, Peter and Louis Apr 30 + 855. Amator was born in Martos near Cordoba in Spain, where he was ordained priest. Together with a monk, Peter by name, and a layman called Louis, he was martyred by the Saracens for publicly confessing Christ.

Odulphus June 12 + c 855. Born in Brabant in Belgium, he went to Utrecht in Holland and helped enlighten Frisia, founding a monastery.

Sandila (Sandalus, Sandolus, Sandulf) Sept 3 + c 855. A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under the Moors.

Aldericus (Aldric, Audry) Jan 7 + 856. Bishop of Le Mans in France (832), he excelled as a saintly prelate and as an able administrator. Some of his works survive.

Elias, Paul and Isidore Apr 17 + 856. Elias, a priest in Cordoba, was martyred in his old age by the Moors, together with Sts Paul and Isidore, two of his spiritual children. An eyewitness, St Eulogius, wrote an account of their martyrdom.

Argymirus June 28 + 856. Born in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain, he held a high position among the Muslims of the city. He was deprived of his office on account of his faith and became a monk. Shortly afterwards he openly renounced Islam, confessed Christ and was beheaded.

Aurea (Aura) July 19 + 856. Born in Cordoba in Spain and a daughter of Muslim parents, in her widowhood she became a Christian and a nun at Cuteclara, where she remained for more than twenty years. She was then denounced as a Christian by her own family and beheaded.

Rudericus (Roderick) and Salomon (Solomon) March 13 + 857. Roderick was a priest in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain who was betrayed by his Muslim brother and imprisoned there. In prison he met his fellow-martyr, Salomon. They were both martyred in Cordoba.

Heribaldus Apr 25 + c 857. Monk and abbot of the monastery of St Germanus in Auxerre in France and later bishop of the same city.

Gosbert Feb 13 + c 859. The fourth Bishop of Osnabruck in Germany and a disciple of St Ansgar.

Eulogius of Cordoba March 11 + 859. A prominent priest in Cordoba in Spain when the Moorish persecution was at its height. Outstanding for his courage and learning, he encouraged the Orthodox in their sufferings and wrote The Memorial of the Saints for their benefit. He himself suffered martyrdom for protecting St Leocritia, a young girl converted from Islam.

Leocritia (Lucretia) March 15 + 859. A holy virgin in Cordoba in Spain. Her parents were Moors, but she was converted to Orthodoxy and as a result was driven from her home. She was sheltered by St Eulogius but both were flogged and beheaded.

Meinulph Oct 5 + c 859. He founded the monastery of Bödeken in Westphalia in Germany.

Acheric and William Nov 3 + c 860. Hermits at a monastery in the Vosges in France.

Abbo Dec 3 + c 860 A monk and Abbot of St Germain in Auxerre in France. He became Bishop of Auxerre in 857.

Meinrad Jan 21 + 861. Of the noble family of Hohenzollern, he became a monk at the monastery of Reichenau on the Rhine in Germany. Later he became a hermit in Switzerland, and this later became the monastery of Einsiedeln, meaning in German 'the Hermitage'. He lived as a hermit for twenty-five years, was murdered by robbers and is venerated as a martyr.

Prudentius Galindo Apr 6 + 861. Born in Spain, in his youth he fled from the Saracens to France, where he changed his baptismal name Galindo to Prudentius. He became Bishop of Troyes.

Gerbald, Reginhard, Winebald and Worad May 25 + 862. The first two were monks, the latter two deacons, of the monastery of St Bertin in France. They were all martyred by the Danes.

Swithun (Swithin) July 2 + 862. Born in Wessex in England, he spent his youth at the monastery in Winchester. He became a priest and in 852 Bishop of Winchester. On his repose and at his request, he was buried in the cemetery outside the minster. His relics were translated into the cathedral in 971, many miracles occurring, not least very heavy rainfall which gave rise to the popular saying, 'St Swithn's day if thou dost rain, For forty days it will remain'.

Feredarius May 18 + c 863. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona in Scotland in 863.

Theodoric Aug 5 + 863. Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in the north of France c 830-863.

Laura Oct 19 + 864. Born in Cordoba, in Spain, as a widow she became a nun at Cuteclara. Condemned as a Christian by the Moors she was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead.

Ansgar (Anschar) Feb 3 801-865. Born near Amiens in France, as a child he became a monk at Old Corbie in Picardy. He then went to New Corbie in Saxony, from where he was taken by King Harold of Denmark to enlighten the heathen Danes. He toiled there as Archbishop of Hamburg for thirteen years and his mission extended to Sweden, Norway and the north of Germany.

James of Sasseau Nov 19 + c 865. Born in Constantinople, after many travels he came to France and was ordained in Clermont, later living as a hermit in Sasseau.

Fremund May 11 + 866. A hermit who was martyred by the Danes. His relics were enshrined in Dunstable in England.

Ralph June 21 + 866. He became a monk at the monastery of Solignac in France and later Abbot of St Medard in Soissons. In 840 he became Bishop of Bourges, founding monasteries and doing good works.

Irmengard July 16 + 866. Abbess of Buchau and then of Chiemsee in Germany.

Hunger Dec 22 + 866. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 856. During the Norman invasion he fled to Prüm in Germany where he died.

Convoyon Jan 5 + 868. Born in Brittany, he became a monk and founded the monastery of St Saviour near Redon. He was driven out of his monastery by the Vikings and reposed in exile.

Herefrith Feb 27 + 869? The relics of this Bishop of Lindsey, probably martyred by the Danes, were venerated at Thorney in Cambridgeshire in England.

Hedda and Companions Apr 9 + c 869. Hedda was the Abbot of Peterborough in England. He and eighty-four monks of his monastery were martyred by the Danes.

Theodore and Companions Apr 9 + 869. Theodore was Abbot of Crowland in England and he and his monks were martyred by the Danes. Besides the abbot, several others were mentioned by name: Askega and Swethin, Elfgete, a deacon, Sabinus, a subdeacon, Egdred and Ulric, and also Grimkeld and Agamund, both centenarians.

Beocca, Ethor and Companions Apr 10 + 869. In their onslaught on England, the Danes attacked monasteries in particular. They martyred Sts Beocca, Abbot, Ethor, monk-priest and some ninety monks at Chertsey in Surrey; at Peterborough they martyred St Hedda, Abbot, and others at his monastery; at Thorney, St Torthred and others.

Rotrudis June 22 + c 869. A saint whose relics were enshrined at Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in France.

Egelred Sept 25 + c 869. A monk at Crowland in England, he was martyred with his abbot and many others by the heathen Danes.

Marcellus Sept 27 + c 869. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland.

Tancred, Torthred and Tova Sept 30 + 869. Two hermits and an anchoress martyred by the Danes at Thorney in England.

Edmund Nov 20 841-869. King of East Anglia and first patron-saint of England. In 869 he was taken prisoner by the heathen Danes and savagely martyred at Hoxne in Suffolk. He died with the name of Jesus on his lips. Bury St Edmunds was named after him.

Cearan (Ciaran) June 14 + 870. Abbot of Bellach-Duin, now Castle Kerrant, in Ireland. He was called the devout.

Ebba the Younger and Companions Aug 23 + c 870. Born in England, she became Abbess of Coldingham, now in Scotland. This had been founded two centuries earlier by St Ebba the Elder. The Danes set fire to her convent and all the nuns perished.

Badilo Oct 8 + c 870. A monk at Vezelay in France, he became Abbot of Leuze in Hainault in Belgium.

Humphrey (Hunfrid) March 8 + 871. A monk at the monastery of Prüm in Germany, he became Bishop of Therouanne in France and was Abbot of St Bertin. He was a source of strength and comfort to the people during the Norman invasion. He kept the feast of the Dormition with special splendour.

Egilo (Egilon, Eigil) June 28 + 871. A monk and later Abbot of Prüm near Trier in Germany. He restored the monastery at Flavigny near Dijon and founded the monastery of Corbigny, both in France.

Arnulf Nov 15 + 871. Bishop of Toul in France from 847 to 871.

Athanasius July 15 + 872. Bishop of Naples in Italy, after he had ruled it for twenty years he began to suffer from the exactions of relatives, in whose hands rested the civil authority of Naples. Imprisoned, and then exiled, he reposed in Veroli and was buried at Montecassino, from where his body was transferred to Naples.

Stephen of Cardeña and Companions Aug 6 + 872. Abbot of the Castilian monastery of Cardeña near Burgos in Spain where there were over two hundred monks. By tradition the Abbot and the monks were martyred by the Saracens.

Monan March 1 + 874. A saint from St Andrew's and a missionary in the Firth of Forth area in Scotland. He was killed by the Danes together with many companions.

Solomon III (Selyf) June 25 + 874. King of Brittany and a brave warrior against Franks and Northmen alike. The Bretons count him among their national heroes. He repented for the crimes of his youth and when he was murdered, he was proclaimed a martyr.

Altfrid Aug 15 + 874. A monk at Corvey in Germany, in 851 he became Bishop of Hildesheim. He was known as a fosterer of peace and goodwill and was devoted to the Mother of God.

Donatus of Fiesole Oct 22 + 874. Born in Ireland, he went on pilgrimage to Rome and became Bishop of Fiesole near Florence in Italy.

Adrian and Companions March 4 + c 875. A bishop on the Isle of May in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. He was martyred by the Danes, together with other monks.

Remigius Oct 28 + 875. Archbishop of Lyons in France.

Clarus Nov 4 + c 875. Born in Rochester in England, he went to France, where he lived as a hermit near Rouen. He was murdered in the village of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte where he lived and which is named after him. His relics are venerated there to this day.

Ado Dec 16 799-875. Born in Burgundy in France, he became a monk at Prüm near Trier in Germany. From here he travelled to Rome. On his return he became Bishop of Vienne and was an excellent bishop. He is remembered for the martyrology which bears his name.

Constantine Apr 2 + 877. Constantine I, King of Scotland, was slain in a battle against heathen invaders of his country and was honoured as a martyr. He was buried on Iona.

Findan (or Fintan) Nov 15 + 879. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was taken as a slave to the Orkneys by Norse raiders but managed to escape to Scotland. He then went on pilgrimage to Rome and became a monk in Farfa in Italy. From there he went to the monastery of Rheinau in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for twenty-two years. His relics still exist.

Maimbod Jan 23 + c 880. Born in Ireland, he was martyred by pagans while preaching to peasants near Kaltenbrunn in Alsace, now in France.

Odo of Beauvais Jan 28 801-880. Born near Beauvais in France, he gave up a military career to become a monk at Corbie. In 861 he became a very influential Bishop of Beauvais.

Ebsdorf (Martyrs of) Feb 2 + 880. In 880 a Christian army was caught in the ice and snow and was defeated by pagan Norsemen at Ebsdorf in the north of Germany. Among them, St Bruno and four bishops, eleven nobles and many others were slain and venerated as martyrs.

Marquard Feb 2 + 880. A monk at New Corbey in Saxony, he was Bishop of Hildesheim from 874 to 880 and was martyred with others at Ebsdorf in Germany.

Theodoric Feb 2 + 880. Third Bishop of Ninden in Germany.

Solangia (Solange) May 10 + c 880. A poor shepherdess near Bourges in France who defended her chastity and was brutally murdered.

Henry (Heric) June 24 + c 880. Born in Hery in Yonne in France, he became a monk at Saint-Germain d'Auxerre.

Neot July 31 c 880. According to tradition he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place now called Saint Neot. Some relics were later taken to the town now called St Neots in Cambridgeshire.

Andrew of Tuscany Aug 22 + c 880. Born in Ireland, he went to Rome as a pilgrim and settled in Fiesole in Italy and restored the monastery of San Martino in Mensula.

Egilhard May 25 + 881. The eighth abbot of Cornelimünster near Aachen in Germany. He was killed by Vikings at Bercheim.

Bede the Younger Apr 10 + 883. A court official, he became a monk at the monastery of Gavello near Rovigo in the north of Italy. He refused to become a bishop.

Eusebius Jan 31 + 884. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at St Gall in Switzerland and later lived as a hermit on Mt St Victor in the Vorarlberg. While denouncing godlessness, he was struck with a scythe and killed. As a result he was venerated as a martyr.

George of Lodève Feb 19 + c 884. Born near Rodez in France, he became a monk at Saint-Foi-de-Conques in Rouergue but later moved to Vabres. He became Bishop of Lodève at an advanced age.

Bertharius Oct 22 + c 884. Of the royal house of France, he became a monk at Montecassino in Italy and became abbot in 856. While kneeling in prayer he was martyred together with several of his monks by invading Saracens.

Athanasius Jan 31 + c 885. Born in Catania in Sicily, during the invasion of the Saracens he fled to Patras in Greece, where he became a monk and eventually a bishop.

Gerebald June 12 + 885. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Seine in France (864-885).

Hiero (Iero) Aug 17 + 885. Born in Ireland, he preached in Holland where he was martyred.

Meriadec June 7 + c 886 (?) Born in Wales, he became a hermit and later Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Ansbald July 12 + 886. Born in Luxembourg, he became a monk at Prüm in Germany, then Abbot of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes, and finally of Prüm in 860. His monastery was burnt down by the Vikings in 882 but he succeeded in restoring it.

Hedwig Sept 13 + c 887. A niece of Warinus of Corvey. She became a nun and then Abbess of Herford in Westphalia in Germany.

Rembert Feb 4 + 888. Born in Flanders, he became a monk at Turholt in Belgium He worked in Denmark with St Anschar and succeeded him as Bishop of Hamburg-Bremen (865).

Bertilo March 26 + c 878- 888. Abbot of St Benignus in Dijon in France. The Vikings sacked the monastery and martyred him and several of his monks at the altar.

Gibardus Apr 7 + c 888. Abbot of Luxeuil in France during the invasion of the Huns. He and his monks fled from the monastery but the barbarians found them and martyred them.

Ageranus (Ayran, Ayrman) May 21 + 888. Ageranus was a monk at Bèze in in France. When the Vikings invaded Burgundy most of the monks escaped, but Ageranus remained with four other monks, Genesius, Bernard, Sifiard and Rodron, the boy Adalaric and the priest Ansuinus. All were martyred by the invaders.

Fidweten (Fivetein, Fidivitanus) Dec 11 + c 888. A monk and disciple of St Convoyon in Redon in Brittany.

Vintila Dec 23 + 890. A monk who reposed as a hermit in Pugino in Galicia in Spain.

Theodard May 1 + 893. A monk at the monastery of St Martin in Montauriol in France, he became Archbishop of Narbonne. Later the monastery was named St Audard after him.

John the Saxon Feb 22 + 895. Born in Saxony in Germany, he became a monk and was asked by King Alfred to restore monasticism in England after the Danish attacks. He became Abbot of Athelney.

Aurelian July 4 + 895. A monk and Abbot of Ainay in France, he later became Archbishop of Lyons.

Richardis Sept 18 + c 895. Married at the age of twenty-two to the Frankish Emperor Charles the Fat, after nineteen years of married life she was accused of unfaithfulness. Her innocence was established, but she became a nun at the convent of Andlau which she had founded.

Ethelgiva Dec 9 + 896. The daughter of King Alfred the Great, she became first Abbess of Shaftesbury.

Alfred the Great Oct 26 849-899. King of Wessex and all Orthodox England who defeated the Danish invaders and ensured the growth of the Church in England. A patron of sacred learning, Alfred the Great himself translated into English such works as the Dialogues of St Gregory the Great. His memory is held by many in great veneration as a patriot and model of Orthodox kingship.

Benedict Revelli Feb 12 c 900. A monk at Santa Maria dei Fonti in Italy and then a hermit on the island of Gallinaria in the Gulf of Genoa. In 870 he became Bishop of Albenga.

Leo Luke March 1 + c 900. He became Abbot of Corleone in Sicily and is also honoured in Calabria in Italy. He died a centenarian after eighty years of monastic life.

Leo of Rouen March 1 c 856-900. Born in Carentan in France, he became Bishop of Rouen but later preached the Gospel in Navarre in Spain and the Basque provinces, which had been devastated by the Saracens. He was beheaded near Bayonne, where he is the patron-saint.

Lambert of Saragossa Apr 16 + c 900. A servant who was martyred near Saragossa in Spain by his Saracen master.

Andrew, John, Peter, and Antony Sept 23 + c 900. These saints were deported from Syracuse to North Africa by the Saracens, at that time masters of Sicily. There they were subjected to savage tortures and put to death.

Amelberga Nov 21 + c 900. Abbess of Susteren in what is now Holland

Catellus Jan 19 9th cent. Bishop of Castellamare to the south of Naples in Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint of the town.

Alphonsus of Astorga Jan 26 9th cent. Bishop of Astorga in Spain, he went to live as a simple monk at the monastery of St Stephen de Ribas de Sil in Spanish Galicia.

Brigid Feb 1 9th cent. Sister of St Andrew, Abbot of St Donatus in Fiesole in Tuscany in Italy. She was carried to her brother's deathbed by angels and reposed as an anchoress in the Apennines.

Anatolius Feb 3 9th cent. A bishop in Scotland, he went to Rome on pilgrimage and settled as a hermit in Salins in the Jura in France, where at a later date a church was dedicated to him.

Cuthman Feb 8 9th cent. A confessor who lived a holy life as a shepherd near Steyning in Sussex in England. The church there was dedicated to him.

Felicitas March 26 9th cent. A nun, probably at Sts Cosmas and Damian in Padua in Italy. Her relics are now at St Justina's in Padua.

Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach) Apr 1 9th cent. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, previously he had been Abbot of Iona in Scotland and founded the monastery of Kells.

Daniel Apr 29 9th cent. Born in Asia Minor, he became a hermit and was martyred in Spain.

Rupert and Bertha May 15 9th cent. A hermit who lived with his mother Bertha on a hill near Bingen in Germany. The hill has been since called after him, Rupertsberg.

Ivan June 24 9th cent. He renounced a brilliant position at the court of Czechia to become a hermit. He was buried by St Ludmilla.

John of Tuy June 24 9th cent. Born in Galicia in Spain, he lived as a hermit near Tuy, where his relics are still enshrined.

Salome and Judith June 29 9th cent. Salome is said to have been a princess from England who was exiled. She was befriended in Bavaria by a pious widow named Judith. Both became anchoresses at Oberaltaich in Germany.

Evan (Inan) Aug 18 9th cent. A hermit in Ayrshire in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.

Arnulf Aug 22 9th cent. The relics of this saintly hermit were venerated in Arnulphsbury or Eynesbury in Cambridgeshire in England.

Felix of Pistoia Aug 26 9th cent. A holy hermit in Pistoia in Tuscany in Italy.

Edwold Aug 29 9th cent. Possibly the brother of St Edmund the Martyr, King of East Anglia. He lived as a hermit at Cerne in Dorset in England.

Amor (Amour) of Aquitaine Oct 8 9th cent. Born in Aquitaine, he lived as a hermit in Maastricht. He later founded the convent of Münsterbilsen near Liège in Belgium.

Bernard of Arce Oct 14 9th cent. Perhaps born in England, he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Rome but stayed there to live as a hermit in Arpino in Italy. His relics are enshrined in Rocca d'Arce.

Hugh of Ambronay Oct 21 9th-l0th cent. Third Abbot of Ambronay near Belley in France.

Blinlivet (Blevileguetus) Nov 7 9th cent. The twenty-fifth Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Moroc Nov 8 9th cent. Abbot of Dunkeld and afterwards Bishop of Dunblane in Scotland.



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