Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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April 1

Caidoc and Fricor (Adrian) Apr 1
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they preached Christ in the country of the Morini in the north of France. Their relics are still venerated in the parish church of Saint Riquier near Amiens.

Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach) Apr 1
9th cent. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, previously he had been Abbot of Iona in Scotland and founded the monastery of Kells.

Dodolinus Apr 1
7th cent. Bishop of Vienne in the Dauphiné in France.

Procopius July 4 (In the East Apr 1)
c 980-1053. Born in Czechia, he was ordained in Prague. Later he became a hermit and finally founded the monastery of Sazava.

Theodora Apr 1
+ c 120? The sister of St Hermes (Aug 28) whom she helped in prison and under torture. She was herself martyred some months later. Brother and sister were buried side by side.

Venantius Apr 1
+ c 255. A bishop in Dalmatia whose relics were brought from Spalato to Rome in 641.

Walericus (Valéry) Apr 1
+ c 622. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he later founded the monastery of Leuconay at the mouth of the Somme. Two towns in that area are named Saint-Valéry after him.

April 2

Abundius Apr 2
+ 469. Of Greek origin, he became Bishop of Como in the north of Italy. A theologian, he was sent to the Emperor Theodosius the Younger and encouraged the calling of the Council of Chalcedon in 451.

Bronach (Bromana) Apr 2
? Called the Virgin of Glen-Seichis, now Kilbronach in Ireland.

Constantine Apr 2
+ 874. Constantine II, King of Scotland, was slain in a battle against heathen invaders of his country and was honoured as a martyr. He was buried on Iona.

Drogo Apr 2
10th cent. After a worldly life, Drogo became a monk at Fleury-sur-Loire in France and afterwards at Baume-les-Messieurs.

Lonochilus (Longis, Lenogisil) and Agnofleda Apr 2
+ 653 and 638. The first was a priest who founded a monastery in Maine in France, Agnofleda was a holy virgin.

Musa Apr 2
+ 6th cent. A child in Rome who was granted visions. She was mentioned by her contemporary by St Gregory the Great.

Nicetius (Nizier) Apr 2
+ 573. He became Bishop of Lyons in France in 553 and was pastor for twenty years.

Rufus Apr 2
? A hermit at Glendalough in Ireland.

Urban of Langres Apr 2
+ c 390. Sixth Bishop of Langres in France from 374 on. In parts of Burgundy he was honoured as the patron-saint of vine dressers.

Victor Apr 2
+ 554. Bishop of Capua in the south of Italy and a Church writer.

April 3

Attala (Attalus) Apr 3
+ c 800. A monk and abbot of a monastery in Taormina in Sicily.

Burgundofara (or Fara) Apr 3 and Dec 7
+ 657. Blessed by St Columbanus as a child, she became a nun despite her father's opposition, and so began the convent of Brige in France. This was later called Faremoutiers, i.e. Fara's Monastery, where she was abbess for thirty-seven years.

Pancras (Pancratius) Apr 3
1st cent. Born in Antioch, he was consecrated by the Apostle Peter and sent to Taormina in Sicily where he was stoned to death.

Sixtus I (Xystus) Apr 3
+ c 125. Pope of Rome from 117 to c 125, sometimes referred to as a martyr.

April 4

Guier Apr 4
? A priest and hermit in Cornwall, where a church recalls his name.

Gwerir Apr 4
? A hermit near Liskeard in Cornwall, at whose grave King Alfred was healed of a serious illness. St Gwerir's cell was later occupied by St Neot.

Hildebert Apr 4
+ 752. Abbot of St Peter in Ghent in Belgium. He was martyred by fanatics for defending the veneration of icons.

Isidore of Seville Apr 4
c 560-636. Born in Cartagena in Spain, he was the brother of Sts Leander, Fulgentius and Florentina. He succeeded St Leander as Bishop of Seville in 600. He presided over several Councils, reorganised the Spanish Church, encouraged monastic life, completed the Mozarabic rite, was an encyclopedic writer and was also responsible for the Council of Toledo in 633.

Tigernach (Tigernake, Tierney, Tierry) Apr 4
+ 549. Abbot of Clones, he succeeded St Macartin as Bishop at Clogher in Ireland.

April 5

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Apr 5
+ 459. A large group martyred at the Easter liturgy by Genseric, the Arian King of the Vandals. The reader who was singing the Alleluia had his throat pierced by an arrow.

Becan (Began) Apr 5
6th cent. One of the 'Twelve Apostles of Ireland'. He was related to St Columba and founded a monastery in Kill-Beggan in Westmeath. He also gave his name to the church and parish of Imleach-Becain in Meath.

Derfel-Gadarn Apr 5
6th cent. A soldier and afterwards a hermit in Llanderfel in Gwynedd in Wales.

April 6

Berthanc (Berchan) Apr 6
+ c 840. A monk at Iona in Scotland and later Bishop of Kirkwall in the Orkneys. He seems to have died in Ireland and been buried at Inishmore in Galway Bay.

Brychan Apr 6
? A King in Wales with twenty-four saintly children.

Celestine April 6 (In the East April 8)
+ 432. Born in the Campagna in Italy, he succeeded Boniface I as Pope of Rome in 422. He supported St Germanus of Auxerre against Pelagianism and condemned Nestorianism.

Elstan Apr 6
+ 981. A monk at Abingdon in England with St Ethelwold, he was celebrated as a model of obedience. He became Bishop of Ramsbury and succeeded St Ethelwold as Abbot of Abingdon.

Florentius, Geminianus and Saturus Apr 6
? 4th cent. Martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia.

Gennard Apr 6
+ 720. A monk at Fontenelle in France and eventually Abbot of Flay.

Marcellinus Apr 6
+ 413. Marcellinus was the imperial representative in North Africa at the time of the Donatist heresy. He and his brother, the judge Agrarius, tried to enforce the decisions of a conference in Carthage against Donatism, but the Donatists resorted to false accusation and the two brothers were martyred.

Notker Balbulus Apr 6
c 840-912. Nicknamed Balbulus, i.e. the Stammerer. He was born near Zurich in Switzerland and when still a child entered the monastery of St Gall where he spent his whole life, excelling as a musician

Prudentius Galindo Apr 6
+ 861. Born in Spain, in his youth he fled from the Saracens to France, where he changed his baptismal name Galindo to Prudentius. He became Bishop of Troyes.

Rufina, Moderata, Romana, Secundus and Seven Companions Apr 6
? 4th cent. Martyrs at Sirmium in Pannonia.

Ulched (Ulchad, Ylched) Apr 6
? A holy man who gave his name to Llechulched in Anglesey in Wales.

Urban Apr 6
+ c 940. Abbot of the Monastery of Peñalba near Astorga in Spain.

Winebald (Vinebaud) Apr 6
+ c 650. A monk at Saint-Loup-de-Troyes in France where he became abbot.

April 7

Brynach (Bemach, Bemacus) Apr 7
? 5th cent. He built a cell and church at a place called Carn-Englyi (Mountain of the Angels), overhanging Nefyn in Gwynedd in Wales.

Epiphanius, Donatus, Rufinus and Companions Apr 7
? Thirteen martyrs, of whom Epiphanius was a bishop in North Africa.

Finan (Finnian) Apr 7
6th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Brendan. He founded a monastery at Kinnitty in Offaly of which he is the patron.

Gibardus Apr 7
+ c 888. Abbot of Luxeuil in France during the invasion of the Huns. He and his monks fled from the monastery but the barbarians found them and martyred them.

Goran (Woranus) Apr 7
6th cent. He lived at Bodmin before St Petroc and several churches are dedicated to him in Cornwall.

Hegesippus Apr 7
+ c 180. A Jew born in Jerusalem, he spent twenty years of his life in Rome. He is considered to be the father of Church History but only a few chapters of his work remain.

Llewellyn (LLywelyn) and Gwrnerth Apr 7
6th cent. Monks from Wales who lived in Welshpool and later on Bardsey.

Saturninus Apr 7
4th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

April 8

Amantius Apr 8
+ 440. Successor of St Provinus in Como in Italy.

Celestine April 6 (In the East April 8)
+ 432. Born in the Campagna in Italy, he succeeded Boniface I as Pope of Rome in 422. He supported St Germanus of Auxerre against Pelagianism and condemned Nestorianism.

Concessa Apr 8
? A martyr venerated from early times in Carthage in North Africa.

Januarius, Maxima and Macaria Apr 8
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Perpetuus Apr 8
+ c 490. Bishop of Tours in France (c 460-490).

Redemptus Apr 8
+ 586. Bishop of Ferentini in Italy.

April 9

Africa, Martyrs of North-West Africa Apr 9
A group of Christians martyred in Masyla.

Casilda Apr 9
+ c 1050. Born in Toledo, she was of Moorish parentage. She became Orthodox and led the life of an anchoress near Briviesca near Burgos. She was greatly venerated throughout Spain.

Dotto Apr 9
? 6th cent. Abbot of a monastery in the Orkney Islands off the coast of Scotland.

Hedda and Companions Apr 9
+ c 869. Hedda was the Abbot of Peterborough in England. He and eighty-four monks of his monastery were martyred by the Danes.

Hugh of Rouen Apr 9
+ 730. He became a monk at a very early age, either at Fontenelle or at Jumièges in the north of France. He became Bishop of Rouen and then of Paris and was also Abbot of Fontenelle and Jumièges. He reposed at Jumièges as a simple monk.

Madrun (Materiana) Apr 9
5th cent. A saint from Wales or Cornwall to whom some Welsh churches are dedicated.

Marcellus Apr 9
+ 474. Born in Avignon in France, he succeeded his own brother St Petronius as Bishop of Die. He suffered much from the Arians.

Pannonia (Martyrs of) Apr 9
? Seven virgin-martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia.

Theodore and Companions Apr 9
+ 869. Theodore was Abbot of Crowland in England and he and his monks were martyred by the Danes. Besides the abbot, several others were mentioned by name: Askega and Swethin, Elfgete, a deacon, Sabinus, a subdeacon, Egdred and Ulric, and also Grimkeld and Agamund, both centenarians.

Waldetrudis (Vaudru) Apr 9
+ c 688. Daughter of Sts Walbert and Bertilia, wife of St Vincent Madelgarus and mother of Sts Landericus, Dentelin, Madalberta and Aldetrudis. When her husband became a monk she founded a convent and became a nun. The town of Mons in Belgium grew up around the convent.

April 10

Bede the Younger Apr 10
+ 883. A court official, he became a monk at the monastery of Gavello near Rovigo in the north of Italy. He refused to become a bishop.

Beocca, Ethor and Companions Apr 10
+ 869. In their onslaught on England, the Danes attacked monasteries in particular. They martyred Sts Beocca, Abbot, Ethor, monk-priest and some ninety monks at Chertsey in Surrey; at Peterborough they martyred St Hedda, Abbot, and others at his monastery; at Thorney, St Torthred and others.

Macarius of Antioch Apr 10
+ 1012. Born in Antioch, he was a bishop who travelled westwards as a pilgrim and was received by monks at the monastery of St Bavo in Ghent in Belgium.

Palladius Apr 10
+ 661. Abbot of St Germanus in Auxerre in France, he became bishop there and founded several monasteries.

Rome (Martyrs of) Apr 10
+ c 115. A number of criminals baptised by Pope Alexander during his imprisonment. They were taken to Ostia near Rome and put on board a boat which was then scuttled.

Terence, Africanus, Pompeius and Companions Apr 10
+ 250. A group of fifty martyrs, imprisoned with snakes and scorpions and finally beheaded in Carthage in North Africa under Decius.

April 11

Agericus (Aguy, Airy) Apr 11
+ c 680. A disciple of St Eligius (Eloi) who became Abbot of St Martin's in Tours in France.

Domnio and Companions Apr 11
? One of the first to enlighten Dalmatia, where he was martyred as first Bishop of Salona, probably during the persecution of Diocletian.

Godebertha Apr 11
+ c 700. Born near Amiens in France, in 657 she became a nun at Noyon and was the first abbess of the convent founded there.

Guthlac Apr 11
673-714. From being a warrior in the army of Ethelred, King of Mercia, Guthlac became a monk at Repton in England. Afterwards he went to live as a hermit in the fens, where he spent the last fifteen years of his life like a desert-father. Later the monastery of Crowland grew up at the place where he had lived.

Isaac Apr 11
+ c 550. A Syrian monk who fled from the Monophysite persecution and founded a monastery in Monteluco near Spoleto. He was one of the restorers of ascetic life in 6th century Italy.

Machai Apr 11
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick who founded a monastery on the Isle of Bute in Scotland.

Maedhog (Aedhan, Mogue) Apr 11
6th cent. An abbot whose main monastery was Clonmore in Ireland.

April 12

Alferius, (Alpherius, Adalfericus) Apr 12
930-1050. A Norman by origin, he was born in Salerno. Sent as an ambassador to France, there he fell ill and became a monk. The Duke of Salerno asked for his return and Alferius settled at Mt Fenestra near Salerno. There he founded the monastery of La Cava which became very influential in the south of Italy.

Constantine Apr 12
+ 529. The first Bishop of Gap in France.

Damian Apr 12
+ 710. Bishop of Pavia in Lombardy in Italy, he vigorously opposed Monothelitism.

Erkemboden Apr 12
+ 714. A monk at Sithin in Saint-Omer in France, who succeeded the founder, St Bertinus, as abbot. Later he was Bishop of Thérouanne for twenty-six years.

Julius I Apr 12
+ 352. Pope of Rome from 337 to 352. He defended St Athanasius against his Arian accusers and also built many churches.

Tetricus Apr 12
+ 707. Abbot of the monastery of St Germanus in Auxerre in France who then became Bishop of Auxerre by popular acclamation. He was murdered in his sleep.

Victor Apr 12
+ c 300. A catechumen martyred in Braga in Portugal under Diocletian, thus baptised in his own blood.

Vissia Apr 12
+ c 250. A virgin-martyr in Fermo near Ancona in Italy under Decius.

Wigbert Apr 12
+ 690. Born in England, he became a disciple of St Egbert in Ireland. He spent two years in Friesland in Holland but later returned to Ireland.

Zeno April 12
+ 371 Born in North Africa, he became Bishop of Verona in Italy at the time of Julian the Apostate. He was remembered as a fervent pastor and a fierce opponent of Arianism.

April 13

Guinoc Apr 13
+ c 838. A bishop in Scotland.

Hermenegild Apr 13
+ 586. Son of the Visigothic King of Spain, Leovigild, he was brought up as an Arian in Seville. He became Orthodox on his marriage to the daughter of Sigebert of Austrasia, at which his father disinherited him. Hermenegild rose up in arms, was defeated, captured and refusing to give up his Faith, was martyred at the instigation of his stepmother.

Martin I Apr 13 (In the East Apr 14)
+ 655. Born in Umbria, he was elected Pope of Rome in 649. He called a Council at once and condemned Monothelitism. Imperial wrath fell on him and in 653 he was deported to Naxos in the Aegean. The following year he was condemned to death at a mock trial and finally taken as a prisoner to the Chersonese where he died of starvation.

Martius Apr 13
+ c 530. Born in Auvergne in France, he lived an ascetic life on a mountainside and later built a monastery for his disciples.

Ursus Apr 13
+ 396. Born in a noble family in Sicily, he converted and fled from his father's wrath to Ravenna in Italy, where he became bishop in 378.

April 14

Abundius Apr 14
+ c 564. A sacrist at St Peter's in Rome.

Domnina and Companions Apr 14
269 ? A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.

Lambert of Lyons Apr 14
+ 688. Born in the north of France, he became a monk at Fontenelle with St Wandrille whom he succeeded as abbot in 666. In 678 he became Bishop of Lyons.

Martin I Apr 13 (In the East Apr 14)
+ 655. Born in Umbria, he was elected Pope of Rome in 649. He called a Council at once and condemned Monothelitism. Imperial wrath fell on him and in 653 he was deported to Naxos in the Aegean. The following year he was condemned to death at a mock trial and finally taken as a prisoner to the Chersonese where he died of starvation.

Tassach Apr 14
+ c 495? One of St Patrick's earliest disciples and first Bishop of Raholp in Ireland.

Tiburtius, Valerian and Maximus Apr 14
3rd century? Martyrs in Rome.

April 15

Anastasia and Basilissa (Vasilissa) Apr 15
+ c 68. Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Peter and Paul, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.

Eutychius Apr 15
? A martyr in Ferentino in Italy.

Hunna Apr 15
+ 679. The self-sacrificing wife of a nobleman in Alsace, now in France.

Laurentinus Sossius Apr 15
+ 485. A boy aged five, martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza in Italy.

Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus Apr 15
+ c 99. They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whom they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they returned to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.

Mundus (Munde, Mund, Mond) Apr 15
+ c 962. An abbot who founded several monasteries in Argyle in Scotland.

Nidger (Nidgar, Nitgar) Apr 15
+ c 829. Abbot of Ottobeuren in Bavaria. He became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany.

Paternus (Padarn) Apr 15
5th-6th cent. Together with others he founded the monastery of Llanbadarn Fawr (i.e. the great monastery of Padarn) near Aberystwyth in Wales. He preached the Gospel there.

Paternus (Pern) Apr 15
+ c 500. Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Ruadan (Ruadhan, Rodan) Apr 15
+ 584. One of the leading disciples of St Finian of Clonard, he founded the monastery of Lothra in Ireland.

Silvester Apr 15
+ c 625. Second Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Jean (Réome) near Dijon in France.

April 16

Elias Apr 16
+ 1042. Born in Ireland, he became monk and abbot in 1020 of the Irish monasteries of St Martin the Great and St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany.

Encratia (Encratis, Encratide, Engracia) Apr 16
+ ? 304. A virgin who suffered terribly for Orthodoxy in Saragossa in Spain, where a church dedicated to her now exists. She was famous for 'her ardour in suffering for Christ'. Though counted a martyr, she outlived her torments.

Fructuosus Apr 16
+ 665. Born in Spain, he became a monk and then a hermit in the Vierzo Mountains, where disciples gathered around him. Fructuosus was eventually forced to become Bishop of Dumium and later Archbishop of Braga.

Herveus (Hervé) of Tours Apr 16
+ 1021. Born in Touraine in France, he became a monk at the monastery of St Martin of Tours and lived as a hermit.

Lambert of Saragossa Apr 16
+ c 900. A servant who was martyred near Saragossa in Spain by his Saracen master.

Paternus (Pair) Apr 16 and Sept 23
+ c 574 (or 563). Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Ansion and later a hermit near Coutances. Eventually he became Bishop of Avranches.

Saragossa, The Eighteen Martyrs: Optatus, Lupercus, Successus, Martial, Urban, Julia, Quintilian, Publius, Fronto, Felix, Caecilian, Eventius, Primitivus, Apodemius and four named Saturninus Apr 16
+ c 304. Martyrs in Saragossa in Spain under Diocletian and the prefect Dacian. Prudentius, who lived in Saragossa a lifetime later, described their martyrdom.

Turibius of Astorga Apr 16
+ c 460. Bishop of Astorga in Spain and a valiant defender of Orthodoxy.

Turibius of Palencia Apr 16
+ c 528. Founder of the monastery of Liébana in Asturias in Spain.

Vasius (Vaise, Vaize) Apr 16
+ c 500. A rich citizen of Saintes in France, murdered by his relatives for giving his property to the poor.

April 17

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Anicetus Apr 17
+ 166. A Syrian by descent, he was Bishop of Rome from about 152 till 166. During this period St Polycarp of Smyrna visited Rome to settle with him the question of the date of Easter. Anicetus took a firm stand against the Gnostics and may have been martyred.

Donnan (Dounan) and Companions Apr 17
+ 618. St Donnan was a monk at Iona with St Columba and founded a monastery on the Island of Eigg in the Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland. He and his fifty-two monks were massacred by heathen raiders on Easter Sunday 618.

Elias, Paul and Isidore Apr 17
+ 856. Elias, a priest in Cordoba, was martyred in his old age by the Moors, together with Sts Paul and Isidore, two of his spiritual children. An eyewitness, St Eulogius, wrote an account of their martyrdom.

Fortunatus and Marcian Apr 17
? Martyrs, perhaps in Antioch, but more probably in North Africa.

Innocent of Tortona Apr 17
+ c 350. A confessor under Diocletian, he was scourged and just escaped death. He was later ordained priest and became Bishop of Tortona in Italy (c 326).

Landericus (Landry) Apr 17
7th cent. The eldest son of Sts Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. From 641 to 650 he was Bishop of Meaux in France, but on the repose of his father he succeeded him as Abbot of Soignies.

Mappalicus and Companions Apr 17
+ 250. Martyrs in Carthage in North Africa under Decius.

Pantagathus Apr 17
475-540. A courtier who later became Bishop of Vienne in France.

Villicus Apr 17
+ 568. A very virtuous Bishop of Metz in France 543-568.

Wando (Vando) Apr 17
+ c 756. A monk and Abbot of Fontenelle in France. As a result of a false accusation he was exiled to Troyes but was reinstated after his innocence had been proved.

April 18

Agia (Aia, Austregildis, Aye) Apr 18
+ c 714. Wife of St Hidulf of Hainault in Belgium. Both desired the monastic life and she entered the convent in Mons.

Apollonius the Apologist Apr 18
+ c 190. A Roman senator, denounced as a Christian by one of his own slaves and condemned to be beheaded. His eloquent defence of Orthodoxy, delivered before the Senate at his trial is a priceless document of the Faith.

Bitheus and Genocus Apr 18
6th cent. Two monks from Britain who accompanied St Finian of Clonard to Ireland and gained a reputation for holiness.

Calocerus Apr 18
? An officer of the Emperor Hadrian martyred in Brescia in Italy.

Cogitosus Apr 18
? 8th cent. A monk at Kildare in Ireland who probably wrote the Life of St Brigid.

Corebus Apr 18
c 117-138. A prefect of Messina in Sicily, converted to Christ by St Eleutherius and martyred under the Emperor Hadrian.

Deicola (Dicul) April 18
Late 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he preached Christ in England in Norfolk and in Sussex. Dickleburgh in Norfolk may be named after him.

Eleutherius and Anthia Apr 18
+ 117-138. Eleutherius, Bishop of Illyria, his mother Anthia and eleven others were martyred in Illyria under Hadrian.

Laserian (Molaisse) Apr 18
+ 639. He founded the monastery and bishopric of Leighlin in Ireland.

Perfectus Apr 18
+ 851 A priest in Cordoba in Spain, martyred by Muslims on Easter Sunday.

Wicterp (Wiho, Wicho) Apr 18
+ 749. Abbot of Ellwangen in Germany. He helped found monasteries at Fussen, Wessobrunn and Kempten, all of which became famous. He later became the tenth Bishop of Augsburg.

April 19

Alphege the Martyr Apr 19
954-1012. A monk at Deerhurst in Gloucestershire in England, then Abbot of Bath, he became Bishop of Winchester in 984 and thirtieth Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005. He was greatly loved by his flock and during the Danish invasion of 1011 he was urged to pay a ransom. He refused, was taken prisoner and martyred in Greenwich, the only Orthodox Archbishop of Canterbury to be martyred. His relics were enshrined in St Paul's in London and later in Canterbury.

Crescentius Apr 19
+ c 396. A subdeacon in Florence in Italy and a disciple of St Zenobius and St Ambrose.

Gerold Apr 19
+ 978. Of the family of the Counts of Saxony in Germany, he donated his land to the monastery of Einsiedeln in Swizerland where his two sons, Cuno and Ulric, were monks. He went to live as a hermit at a village near Mitternach.

Ursmar Apr 19
+ 713. Abbot-bishop of the Monastery of Lobbes on the Sambre and founder of Aulne and Wallers, also in present-day Belgium. His work as a bishop in Flanders was of great importance.

Vincent of Collioure Apr 19
+ c 304. A martyr in Collioure in Languedoc in the south of France under Diocletian.

April 20

Ceadwalla (Cadwalla) Apr 20
+ 689. A King of Wessex in England, he was a cruel and cunning pagan. He was converted and went to Rome, where he was baptised by Pope Sergius and died in the white robe of baptism.

Gundebert Apr 20
8th cent. He married St Bertha and was the brother of St Nivard. He separated from his wife, became a monk, went to Ireland and was martyred there by heathen.

Harduin Apr 20
+ 811. Born near Rouen he became a monk at Fontenelle in France (749). After a time he went to live as a hermit nearby and copied writings of the Fathers.

Hugh of Anzy-le-Duc Apr 20
+ c 930. Born in Poitiers in France, he became a monk at Saint Savin. Later he restored monastic life in several monasteries. He reposed at Anzy-le-Duc.

Marcellinus, Vincent and Domninus Apr 20
+ c 374. Born in North Africa, they went to France and preached in the Dauphiné. St Marcellinus was consecrated first Bishop of Embrun by St Eusebius of Vercelli. The relics of the three saints are venerated in Digne in the Alps.

Marcian of Auxerre Apr 20
+ c 470. Born in Bourges in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Sts Cosmas and Damian in Auxerre.

Sulpicius and Servilian Apr 20
+ c 117. Martyrs in Rome who were beheaded under Trajan.

April 21

Beuno Apr 21
+ c 640. Born in Wales, he founded monasteries at Llanfeuno in Herefordshire and Llanymynech. His name is chiefly connected with Clynnog Fawr in Gwynedd.

Cyprian Apr 21
+ 582. Bishop of Brescia in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto in Brescia.

Frodulphus (Frou) Apr 21
+ c 750. A disciple of St Medericus (Merry), he became a monk at St Martin's in Autun in France, from where he was driven by the Saracens and he settled in Barjon.

Maelrubius (Maolrubha) Apr 21
+ c 724. A monk at St Comgall's monastery at Bangor, who went to Iona. He afterwards founded a church at Applecross on the north-west coast of Scotland.

April 22

Agapitus I Sept 20 and April 22 (In the East Apr 17)
+ 536. Born in Rome, he was elected Pope of Rome in May 535 and reposed in Constantinople on April 22 536. As Pope he showed great strength of character in opposing Monophysitism. His relics were brought back to Rome on Sept 20, when he was commemorated a second time.

Arwald Apr 22
+ 686. Two brothers, sons of Arwald, a prince in the Isle of Wight, whose proper names are lost. They were put to death by soldiers of King Ceadwalla, then a pagan, on the day after their baptism.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Epipodius and Alexander Apr 22
+ 178. Two young friends and citizens of Lyons in France, martyred under Marcus Aurelius. St Epipodius was beheaded. St Alexander is also commemorated on April 24.

Gaius Apr 22 (In the East Aug 11)
+ 296. Born in Dalmatia, he became Pope of Rome and was martyred with members of his family.

Leo of Sens Apr 22
+ 541. Bishop of Sens in France for twenty-three years.

Opportuna Apr 22
+ c 770. Born near Ayesmes in the north of France, she was the sister of St Chrodegang, Bishop of Séez. At an early age she became a nun at the convent of Monteuil, of which she became abbess. She was described as 'a true mother to all her nuns'.

Senorina Apr 22
+ 982. She was related to St Rudesind of Mondoñedo. Entrusted to the care of her aunt, Abbess Godina at the convent of St John of Venaria (Vieyra), she later became its abbess. As such she moved the convent to Basto near Braga in Portugal.

Soter Apr 22
+ c 174. Like most Orthodox in Rome at this time, he was a Greek. He became Pope and corresponded with the Church of Corinth and traditionally he is regarded as a martyr.

April 23

Adalbert (Voitech) Apr 23
956-997. Born in Czechia, he became Bishop of Prague (983). Disheartened, he went to Rome and became a monk. Twice he returned to his former mission and twice he had to abandon it. On each occasion he preached in Poland, Prussia and Hungary. He was martyred by the Prussians near Danzig.

Felix, Fortunatus and Achilleus Apr 23
+ 212. St Felix, a priest, and his two deacons, Fortunatus and Achilleus, were sent by St Irenaeus of Lyons to enlighten the area around Vienne in France, where they were martyred.

Gerard of Toul Apr 23
+ 994. Born in Cologne in Germany, he became Bishop of Toul in France in 963. He rebuilt the Cathedral and established monasteries with both Greek and Irish monks for the furtherance of the Orthodox Faith.

Ibar (Iberius, Ivor) Apr 23
5th cent. One of those who like Sts Kiaran, Ailbe and Declan enlightened Ireland. He mainly preached in Leinster and Meath.

Marolus Apr 23
+ 423. A Syrian by origin, he became Bishop of Milan in Italy in 408.

Pusinna Apr 23
5th-6th cent. A holy virgin in Champagne in France who had six sisters, all widely honoured as saints.

April 24

Alexander and Companions Apr 24
+ 178. A Greek by birth and the friend and companion of St Epipodius of Lyons in France. He was arrested and martyred with thirty-four others.

Authaire (Oye) Apr 24
7th cent. A courtier at the palace of King Dagobert I of France and father of St Ouen of Rouen. He is the patron-saint of the village of La-Ferté-sous-Jouarre where he lived.

Bova and Doda Apr 24
7th cent. St Bova was a sister and St Doda a niece of St Balderic (Baudry), who founded Montfaucon and the convent of St Peter in Rheims in France. Bova was the first abbess and was succeeded by Doda.

Deodatus (Dié) Apr 24
+ c 525. A hermit near Blois in France. Later the town of Saint-Dié grew up around his cell.

Dyfnan Apr 24
5th cent. Born in Wales, he founded a church in Anglesey.

Egbert Apr 24
+ 729. A monk at Lindisfarne in England, he moved to Ireland and lived at Rathelmigisi in Connaught. Here he prepared several monks to preach the Gospel in Germany. He went to Iona in Scotland and persuaded the monks to adopt the Orthodox date for Easter.

Gregory of Elvira Apr 24
+ c 394. Bishop of Elvira in the south of Spain. He was one of the champions of Orthodoxy against Arianism and one of the few bishops who at Rimini in 359 consistently refused to compromise with them.

Honorius of Brescia Apr 24
+ c 586. A hermit near Brescia in Italy who was chosen bishop of that city (c 577).

Ivo Apr 24
? According to tradition he was a Persian bishop who became a hermit in Huntingdonshire in England. St Ives in Huntingdonshire is called after him.

Mellitus Apr 24
+ 624. Abbot of St Andrew's on the Coelian Hill in Rome, he was sent by St Gregory the Great to England in 601. He spent three years in Kent, and then became Bishop of London. He was exiled to France for refusing to give communion to apostates. In 619 he was recalled to Kent to succeed St Laurence as third Archbishop of Canterbury.

Sabas and Companions Apr 24
+ 272. An officer of Gothic descent, martyred with seventy companions in Rome under Aurelian.

April 25

Erminus Apr 25
+ 737. Born in Laon in France, he became a monk at Lobbes in Belgium and later abbot and bishop.

Evodius, Hermogenes and Callista Apr 25
? By tradition martyrs in Syracuse in Sicily.

Heribaldus Apr 25
+ c 857. Monk and abbot of the monastery of St Germanus in Auxerre in France and later bishop of the same city.

Macaille Apr 25
+ c 489. A disciple of Mel who became Bishop of Croghan in Offaly in Ireland.

Mella Apr 25
+ c 780. Born in Connaught in Ireland, Mella was the mother of two saints, Cannech and Tigernach. After the death of her husband, she became a nun and Abbess of Doire-Melle.

Phaebadius (Fiari) Apr 25
+ c 392. A bishop of Agen in the south of France who succeeded in stamping out Arianism in Gaul, together with his friend St Hilary of Poitiers. He was one of the best known bishops of his time and presided over several Councils.

Robert of Syracuse Apr 25
+ c 1000. Abbot of a monastery in Syracuse in Sicily.

April 26

Clarentius Apr 26
+ c 620. The successor of St Etherius as Bishop of Vienne in France.

Exuperantia Apr 26
? A saint whose relics are venerated in Troyes in France.

Lucidius Apr 26
? Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Marcellinus Apr 26 (In the East June 7)
+ 304. A Pope of Rome, who may have been martyred in repentance for his previous errors.

Peter of Braga Apr 26
? First Bishop and martyr of Braga in Portugal.

Richarius (Riquier) Apr 26
+ c 645. Born at Centula (Celles) near Amiens in the north of France, he became a priest and founded a monastery in his native village, later called Saint-Riquier after him,. He was the first to devote himself to the work of ransoming captives and reposed a hermit.

Trudpert Apr 26
+ c ? 644. A hermit, possibly from Ireland, who lived in Münstethal in Germany. He may later have been murdered. The monastery of St Trudpert was built on the site.

April 27

Asicus (Ascicus,Tassach) Apr 27
+ c 490. One of the earliest disciples of St Patrick, who put him at the head of the monastery and diocese of Elphin in Ireland, where he is venerated as patron-saint. He excelled as a coppersmith and some examples of his work still exist.

Enoder (Cynidr, Kenedr, Quidic) Apr 27
6th cent. Llangynidr in Powys in Wales is named after him, as also St Enoder or Enodoc in Cornwall and Kenderchurch in Herefordshire in England.

Floribert Apr 27
+ 746. Bishop of Liège in Belgium.

Liberalis Apr 27
+ c 400. A priest from the area near Ancona in Italy, he worked for the conversion of the Arians and suffered much at their hands. His relics are enshrined at Treviso.

Tertullian Apr 27
+ c 490. Eighth Bishop of Bologna in Italy.

Theophilus Apr 27
+ c 427. Bishop of Brescia in Italy and the successor of St Gaudentius.

Winewald Apr 27
+ c 731. The successor of St Berchtun as Abbot of Beverley in England.

April 28

Adalbero Apr 28
+ 909. Uncle of St Ulric, he became a monk in 850 and then Abbot of Ellwangen in Germany. He restored the monastery of Lorsch and became Bishop of Augsburg.

Aphrodisius, Caralippus, Agapius and Eusebius Apr 28
? Early martyrs in Languedoc in France. Their story is told by Gregory of Tours.

Artemius Apr 28
+ 609. Born in Sens in France, he became bishop there. He called to public penance a Spaniard named Baldus (in French Bond) who became a spiritual son and who was also venerated as a saint.

Cronan of Roscrea Apr 28
+ c 626. Born in Munster, he founded several monasteries in various parts of Ireland, especially Roscrea.

Gerard Apr 28
639? By tradition he was one of four pilgrims from England - the other three were Ardwine, Bernard and Hugh - they all reposed in Galinaro in the south of Italy.

Mark of Galilee Apr 28
+ 92. By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.

Pamphilus Apr 28
+ c 700. Bishop of Sulmona and Corfinium in the Abruzzi in Italy.

Pollio Apr 28
+ c 304. A reader of the church of Cybalae in Pannonia, burnt alive under Diocletian.

Prudentius Apr 28
+ c 700. Born in Armentia in Spain, he became a hermit, was ordained priest and became Bishop of Tarazona in Aragon.

Valeria Apr 28
? 1st cent. An early martyr in Milan in Italy.

April 29

Agapius and Companions Apr 29
c 259. Born in Spain, Agapius and Secundinus, bishops or priests, were exiled to Cirta in Numidia in North Africa in the persecution under Valerian. There they suffered martyrdom together with Tertulla and Antonia, virgins, and a certain woman with her twin children.

Ava (Avia) Apr 29
+ c 845. A niece of King Pepin, in her childhood and youth she was blind, but she was miraculously healed by St Rainfredis. She became a nun at Denain in Hainault, now in Belgium, where she became abbess.

Daniel Apr 29
9th cent. Born in Asia Minor, he became a hermit and was martyred in Spain.

Dictinus Apr 29
5th cent. The first convert of St Patrick in Ulster in Ireland. He was originally a swineherd. After his conversion he continued to the end faithful to Christ.

Endellion Apr 29
? 6th cent. Probably born in Cornwall, she was the sister of St Nectan of Hartland. Part of her shrine in St Endellion in Cornwall still exists.

Fiachan (Fianchine) Apr 29
7th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he was a monk at Lismore and a disciple of St Carthage the Younger.

Paulinus of Brescia Apr 29
+ c 545. Bishop of Brescia in Italy (c 524-545). His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto.

Senan Apr 29
7th cent. A hermit in the north of Wales.

Severus Apr 29
+ 409. Bishop of Naples in Italy and a famous wonderworker. He raised a dead man to life so that he bear witness in favour of his persecuted widow.

Torpes Apr 29
+ c 65. A martyr in Pisa in Italy under Nero.

Wilfrid the Younger Apr 29
+ 744. A monk and favourite disciple of St John of Beverley in England, whom he succeeded. Before his repose he lived at the monastery at Ripon.

April 30

Amator, Peter and Louis Apr 30
+ 855. Amator was born in Martos near Cordoba in Spain, where he was ordained priest. Together with a monk, Peter by name, and a layman called Louis, he was martyred by the Saracens for publicly confessing Christ.

Cynwl Apr 30
6th cent. The brother of St Deiniol, first Bishop of Bangor. He lived an ascetic life in the north of Wales and several churches were dedicated to him.

Desideratus Apr 30
+ c 569. A hermit who lived in Gourdon near Châlon-sur-Saône in France.

Erconwald (Erkenwald) Apr 30
+ 693. Of noble origin in the east of England, he founded a monastery in Chertsey and a convent in Barking. He became abbot of the former and his sister St Ethelburgh the abbess of the latter. In 675 he became Bishop of London. His shrine at St Paul's became a centre of veneration and he was called 'The Light of London'.

Eutropius Apr 30
c 250? One of the companions of St Dionysius of Paris. He is honoured as the first Bishop of Saintes and martyr.

Forannan Apr 30
+ 982. Born in Ireland, he went to the monastery of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and became a monk and in 962 abbot.

Laurence of Novara and Companions Apr 30
+ c 397. He helped St Gaudentius, Bishop of Novara, in Piedmont in Italy. He was martyred with a group of children whom he was instructing.

Marianus, James and Companions Apr 30
+ 259. Martyrs in Lambesa, an ancient town in Numidia in North Africa. Marianus was a reader and James a deacon.

Pomponius Apr 30
+ 536. Bishop of Naples in Italy (508-536). He was a strong opponent of Arianism.

Sophia Apr 30
+ c 250. A virgin from Fermo in central Italy martyred under Decius.

Swithbert the Younger Apr 30
+ 807. Born in England, he joined the missionaries in Germany and became Bishop of Werden in Westphalia.



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