Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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July 1

Carilefus (Carilephus, Carileff, Calais) July 1
+ c 536. A companion of St Avitus. He founded the monastery of Anisole in Maine in France.

Castus and Secundinus July 1
c 305. Two saints much venerated in the south of Italy. They were born in Sinuessa (Mondragone) near Caserta.

Cewydd July 1
6th cent. A saint of Anglesey in Wales and at Lancaut in Gloucestershire in England.

Domitian July 1
c 347-440. Born in Rome and orphaned when young, he became a monk at Lérins in the south of France. Later he founded the monastery of Bebron, now St Rambert de Joux.

Eparchius (Cybar) July 1
504-581. Born in a noble family in Périgord in France, he renounced his title to become a monk at Sessac.

Gall July 1
c 489-554. Born in Auvergne in France, he became a monk and was ordained deacon by St Quintian, Bishop of Clermont. He was the uncle and teacher of St Gregory of Tours.

Julius and Aaron and Companions July 1
+ c 305. According to tradition they are the Protomartyrs of Wales and suffered in Caerleon-on-Usk under Diocletian.

Juthware July 1
7th cent. Sister of St Sidwell. She was of British descent and lived in Devon in England.

Leonorious (Lunaire) July 1
+ c 570. A son of Hoel, King of Brittany, but born in Wales and consecrated bishop by St Dyfrig. Once in Brittany, then ruled by his brother Hoel II, he founded the monastery of Pontual, near Saint Malo.

Martin of Vienne July 1
+ c 132. Third Bishop of Vienne in France.

Servan (Serf, Sair) July 1
? The Apostle of West Fife in Scotland who reposed and was buried in Culross.

Theodoric (Thierry, Theodericus) July 1
+ c 533. Abbot of Mont d'Or near Rheims in the north of France.

Veep (Veepus, Veepy, Wimp, Wennapa) July 1
6th cent? Patron saint of St Veep in Cornwall.

July 2

Acestes July 2
1st cent. According to tradition, he was one of the three soldiers who led St Paul to execution in Rome. Converted by him, they were beheaded.

Ariston, Crescentian, Eutychian, Urban, Vitalis, Justus, Felicissimus, Felix, Marcia and Symphorosa July 2
+ c 285. A group of martyrs in the Campagna in the south of Italy under Diocletian.

Monegundis July 2
+ 570. A woman in Chartres in France who became an anchoress after the death of her two daughters. She spent most of her life near Tours.

Oudaceus (Eddogwy) July 2
+ c 615. Born in Brittany, he lived in Wales where he became a bishop near Llandaff.

Processus and Martinian July 2
? Martyrs who were greatly venerated in Rome: their tomb and basilica were on the Aurelian Way. Their relics are in St Peter's in Rome.

Rome (Martyrs of) July 2
c 68. Three soldiers who were converted at the martyrdom of the Apostle Paul in Rome and then were themselves martyred.

Swithun (Swithin) July 2
+ 862. Born in Wessex in England, he spent his youth at the monastery in Winchester. He became a priest and in 852 Bishop of Winchester. On his repose and at his request, he was buried in the cemetery outside the minster. His relics were translated into the cathedral in 971, many miracles occurring, not least very heavy rainfall which gave rise to the popular saying, 'St Swithn's day if thou dost rain, For forty days it will remain'.

July 3

Bladus July 3
? By tradition, he was one of the early bishops of the Isle of Man.

Byblig (Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius) July 3
? 5th cent. A holy man connected with Carnarvon and honoured in several parts of Wales.

Cillene July 3
+ c 752. Born in Ireland, he went to Iona in Scotland and became abbot there in 726.

Dathus (Datus) July 3
+ 190. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His election was due to the miraculous appearance of a dove hovering over his head.

Germanus July 3
+ c 474. By tradition a nephew of St Patrick and a monk in Ireland, Wales and Brittany. Eventually he went to the Isle of Man as a bishop. His memory is still kept here in several place-names in the forms 'Germain' and 'Jarman'.

Gunthiern July 3
+ c 500. A prince in Wales who went to Brittany and lived as a hermit.

Guthagon July 3
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he crossed to Belgium and became a hermit.

Heliodorus July 3
c 332-390. Born in Dalmatia, he helped translate the Vulgate. Later he settled in Aquileia in Italy and became Bishop of Altinum (Altino), a small town since destroyed, near Venice. He was a brave opponent of Arianism.

Irenaeus and Mustiola July 3
+ 273. Irenaeus, a deacon, and Mustiola, a noble lady, were martyred in Chiusi in Tuscany in Italy under Aurelian for ministering to other martyrs and burying their relics.

Leo II July 3
+ 683. Born in Sicily, he became Pope of Rome in 681. During his papacy, the former Pope Honorius I was condemned for not denouncing Monothelitism.

July 4

Aurelian July 4
+ 895. A monk and Abbot of Ainay in France, he later became Archbishop of Lyons.

Bertha July 4
+ c 725. A lady of high station, after her husband's death she became a nun at the convent of Blangy in Artois in France, which she had founded and where she became abbess.

Finbar July 4
6th cent. An Abbot of Innis-Doimhle in Wexford in Ireland.

Hatto July 4
+ 985. Born of a noble Swabian family, he left all his property to the monastery of Ottobeuren in Germany and became a monk there.

Jucundian July 4
? A martyr in North Africa.

Laurianus July 4
+ ? c 544. Born in Pannonia, now Hungary, he was ordained deacon in Milan in Italy and later became Archbishop of Seville in Spain. He was martyred in Bourges in France.

Namphamon and Companions July 4
+ c? 180. Of Carthaginian descent, he was martyred with several compatriots at Madaura in Numidia in North Africa and called 'the Archmartyr'.

Procopius July 4 (In the East Apr 1)
c 980-1053. Born in Czechia, he was ordained in Prague. Later he became a hermit and finally founded the monastery of Sazava.

Ulric (Uldaricus, Udalric) July 4
c 890-973. Born in Augsburg in Germany, at the age of seven he was sent to the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland. In 923 he became Bishop of Augsburg and protected his people against the invading Magyars. In his old age he lived as a monk at St Gall. In 993 he became the first person to be canonised by the Pope of Rome.

July 5

Agatho and Triphina July 5
+ c 306. Martyrs in Sicily.

Edana (Etaoin) July 5
? Patron of parishes in the west of Ireland. A famous holy well bears her name. She lived near the confluence of the rivers Boyle and Shannon.

Erfyl (Eurfyl) July 5
? She founded the church of Llanerfyl in Powys in Wales.

Fragan and Gwen (Blanche) July 5
5th cent. They left Britain after the departure of the Romans and were the parents of Sts Winwalöe, Jacut and Guithern. Churches in Brittany are dedicated to them.

Modwenna July 5
+ c 695. She succeeded St Hilda as Abbess of Whitby in England.

Modwenna July 5
7th cent. An anchoress and later Abbess of Polesworth in Warwickshire in England.

Numerian (Memorian) July 5
+ c 666. Son of a rich man in Trier in Germany, he first became a monk at Remiremont in France with St Arnulf and then went to the monastery of Luxeuil with St Waldebert. Later he became Bishop of Trier.

Philomena July 5
+ c 500. A saint venerated in San Severino near Ancona in Italy.

Probus and Grace July 5
? Saints of Cornwall, by tradition husband and wife. The church of Tressilian or Probus, is dedicated to them.

Stephen of Reggio July 5
1st cent. By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Reggio in Italy by the Apostle Paul and martyred under Nero. He is the main patron of Reggio.

Triphina July 5
6th cent. The mother of St Tremorus the infant-martyr. She spent the latter years of her life in a convent in Brittany.

Zöe (Zoa) July 5
+ c 286. With a Greek name, she lived in Rome. Married to a high official of the imperial court, she was martyred for the faith.

July 6

Dominica July 6
? A martyr venerated in Campania who suffered under Diocletian.

Goar July 6
+ c 575. A priest from Aquitaine in France, who lived as a hermit near Oberwesel on the Rhine in Germany, now called St Goar.

Monenna (or Darerca) July 6
+ 518. An ascetic and Abbess of Sliabh Cuillin in Ireland.

Noyala July 6
? A holy virgin from Britain beheaded at Beignan in Brittany.

Romulus and Companions July 6
+ c 90. By tradition ordained by the Apostle Peter as first pastor of Fiesole, he was martyred with several companions under Domitian.

Saxburgh (Sexburga) July 6
c 635-c 699. Daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia in England, sister of Sts Etheldred, Ethelburgh and Withburgh and half-sister of St Sethrid. She married Erconbert, King of Kent, and so became mother of Sts Ermenhild and Ercongota. As Queen she founded the convent of Minster in Sheppey. Widowed in 664, she became a nun there, later moving to Ely in 679, where she became abbess.

Tranquillinus July 6
+ c 288. A martyr in Rome connected with St Sebastian.

July 7

Ampelius July 7
+ c 672. Bishop of Milan in Italy under the Lombards. he exerted a great influence for good among the invading Lombards.

Angelelmus July 7
+ 828. Abbot of Sts Gervase and Protase in Auxerre in France and then bishop there.

Apollonius July 7
? An early Bishop of Brescia in Italy.

Bonitus July 7
+ c 582. Fourth Abbot of Montecassino. At this time the Lombards plundered and destroyed the monastery.

Ethelburgh (Ethelburga, Aubierge) July 7
+ c 664. The daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia in England. She became a nun at Faremoutiers-en-Brie in France, where she became abbess after St Fara.

Felix of Nantes July 7
+ 584. A great Bishop of Nantes in France for some thirty-three years.

Hedda July 7
+ 705. A monk and abbot in England who in 676 became Bishop of Wessex. He lived in Dorchester-on-Thames and then in Winchester where his relics are preserved. He was a great benefactor of the monastery of Malmesbury. He was bishop for about forty years and was greatly esteemed for his wisdom.

Iflidius (Allyre) July 7
+ 385. Fourth Bishop of Clermont in France. St Gregory of Tours revered him greatly

Maolruain July 7
+ 792. Founder of the monastery of Tallaght in Ireland and compiler of the martyrology of that name.

Medran and Odran July 7
6th cent. Two brothers, disciples of St Kieran of Saghir in Ireland, one of whom remained with St Kieran, while the other founded a monastery in Muskerry.

Palladius July 7
5th cent. A deacon from Rome or Auxerre in France who was sent in c 430 to preach the Gospel in Ireland. He landed near Wicklow and after some success left for Scotland, where he reposed.

Pantaenus July 7
+ c 190. Born in Sicily, Pantaenus became the head of the Orthodox School in Alexandria.

Prosper of Aquitaine July 7
c 390-436. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a married layman who devoted himself to theology.

Willibald July 7
c 700-786/7. Born in Wessex in England, he was a brother of Sts Winebald and Walburgh and a cousin of St Boniface. At the age of five he was given as a monk at Waltham in Hampshire. In 722 he accompanied his father St Richard and his brother St Winebald on a pilgrimage to Rome and the Holy Land. Here he visited all the holy places and many monasteries, staying in Constantinople for two years. On his return to Italy he lived at Montecassino for ten years. Then he was sent to Germany to help St Boniface and in 742 was consecrated Bishop of Eichstätt. With his brother St Winebald he founded the monastery of Heidenheim where their sister Walburgh became abbess. His relics are still in the Cathedral in Eichstätt.

July 8

Apollonius July 8
+ c 326. Bishop of Benevento in Italy. He went into hiding during the last persecution under Diocletian.

Aquila and Priscilla July 8
1st cent. Husband and wife, belonging to the Jewish diaspora, who worked as tentmakers at Rome and were exiled from there with all the other Jews under Claudius. They settled in Corinth, where they received the Apostle Paul into their house (Acts 18,3). Under Nero they returned to Rome and Paul sent greetings to them. A tradition in Rome says that they were martyred there.

Arnold July 8
+ c. 800. Apparently of Greek descent, he was famed for his charity to the poor. He has left his name to the village, Arnold-Villiers (Arnoldsweiler) near Jülich, now in Germany.

Auspicius July 8
+ c 130. By tradition the fourth Bishop of Trier in Germany and successor of St Maternus (c 130).

Auspicius July 8
+ c 475. Bishop of Toul in France.

Edgar the Peaceful July 8
+ 975. A King of England who repented of a depraved youth and whose reign was marked by a strong religious revival in England.

Grimbald July 8
+ 901. A monk at Saint Bertin in the north of France. In 885 King Alfred invited him to England. He became Abbot of Winchester and he helped restore learning in England.

Kilian (Chilianus), Colman and Totnan July 8
+ c 689. Monks from Ireland who enlightened Franconia and East Thuringia, where they were martyred. Kilian was Bishop of Wurzburg in Germany where he is still honoured.

Landrada July 8
+ c 690. Foundress and first Abbess of Munsterbilsen in Belgium.

Morwenna July 8
5th cent? Several places are named after her, notably Morwenstow in Cornwall, where her relics are probably buried under the church floor and where she has appeared.

Sostratus, Spirus, Eraclius, Eperentius and Cecilia July 8
? 4th cent. Martyrs of Syrmium in Pannonia.

Sunniva (Sunnifa) July 8
10th cent. By tradition, Sunniva was a princess who fled from Ireland with her brother and others. They were shipwrecked off the coast of Norway but landed on Selje Island. Here they were slain by people from the mainland and their relics were enshrined in Bergen.

Urith of Chittlehampton July 8
+ 6th cent? She was probably a nun martyred by pagan English invaders at Chittlehampton in Devon. Her shrine was in the village church there, where her relics may still be buried under the floor.

Withburgh (Withburga) July 8
+ c 743. Youngest daughter of King Anna of East Anglia in England. After her father had fallen in battle, she became a nun and lived as an anchoress at East Dereham in Norfolk, founding a convent there.

July 9

Agilulf July 9
+ c 720. A monk and Abbot of Stavelot-Malmédy in Belgium and Archbishop of Cologne in Germany. His martyrdom was the result of his zeal and was aided by the connivance of Charles Martel.

Agrippinus July 9
+ 538. Bishop of Autun in France, he ordained St Germanus of Paris to the deaconate and the priesthood.

Anatolia and Audax July 9
+ c 250. Martyrs in Rome under Decius. Confined to a prison near Rieti the small village now called Sant' Anatolia. Anatolia's miracles converted Audax, one of the guards.

Brictius July 9
+ c 312. Bishop of Martola near Spoleto in Umbria in Italy, imprisoned for Orthodoxy under Diocletian. He escaped death and died a confessor under Constantine.

Everildis (Averil) July 9
+ c 700. Born in England, she became a nun at a place called 'the Bishop's Farm', later known as Everingham (in Yorkshire), where she became abbess of a convent of some eighty nuns.

Golvinus (Golwen) July 9
? 7th cent. Born in Britain, his holiness led to him becoming Bishop of St Pol-de-Léon in Brittany. He reposed in Rennes where his relics are enshrined.

Justus of Poland July 9
+ 1008. One of four hermit-brothers in Poland - Sts Benedict, Andrew, Barnabas and Justus.

July 10

Alexander July 10
+ c 150. An early martyr in Rome.

Amelberga July 10
+ 690. Born in Brabant in Belgium, she was married to Count Witger and was the mother of Sts Gudula, Emebert and Reineldis. When Witger became a monk at Lobbes, she joined the convent at Maubeuge.

Amelberga July 10
+ c 772. A nun at Münsterbilsen in Belgium. Her relics were later transferred to the monastery of St Peter in Ghent.

Etto (Hetto) July 10
+ c 670. Born in Ireland. He was Abbot of St Peter's at Fescau in Belgium and also bishop.

Januarius, Marinus, Nabor and Felix July 10
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Lantfrid, Waltram and Elilantus July 10
+ c 770. Three brothers who founded the monastery of Benediktbeuren in Bavaria in Germany and succeeded one another as abbots.

Pascharius (Pasquier) July 10
+ c 680. Bishop of Nantes in France. He founded the monastery of Aindre.

Peter of Perugia July 10
+ 1007. Peter Vincioli was born near Perugia in Italy and founded the monastery of St Peter there.

Rufina and Secunda July 10
+ 257. Two virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian, buried at Santa Rufina on the Aurelian Way.

Rufinus and Secundus July 10
? Early martyrs buried on the Via Cornelia at the eleventh milestone from Rome.

Seven Brothers July 10 (In the East Jan 25)
+ c 150. Seven early martyrs in Rome who became brothers through sharing martyrdom. Their names are: Januarius, Felix and Philip, scourged to death; Sylvanus, thrown over a precipice; Alexander, Vitalis and Martial, beheaded. They suffered in Rome under Antoninus Pius.

July 11

Abundius July 11
+ 854. A parish priest in Ananelos, a village near Cordoba in Spain. He had no thought of martyrdom, but when he had to, he bravely confessed Christ before the tribunal of the Moorish Caliph of Cordoba. He was beheaded and his body was thrown to the dogs.

Amabilis July 11
+ c 634. Daughter of an English noble, she became a nun at Saint-Amand in Rouen in France.

Benedict July 11 (In the East March 14)
c 480-550. Born near Nursia in Umbria in central Italy, at the age of twenty he went to live as a hermit in a cave near Subiaco. Many disciples flocked to him and he built a laura, composed of twelve small monasteries for them. About the year 530 he left Subiaco for Montecassino, where he founded a monastery and where he lived the rest of his life as a deacon and famed as a wonderworker. He reposed while standing in prayer before the altar. Some relics of St Benedict were later translated to France but others remained at Montecassino.

Drostan July 11
+ c 610. Born in Ireland, he became a monk with St Columba and the first Abbot of Deer in Aberdeenshire. He is venerated as one of the Apostles of Scotland. His holy well is near Aberdour.

Hidulf (Hidulphus) July 11
+ 707. Born in Regensburg in Germany, he became a monk at the monastery of Maximinus in Trier. Later he was consecrated bishop, but about the year 676 he founded the monastery of Moyenmoutier in the east of France and lived there. When he reposed he was Abbot both of Moyenmoutier and Bonmoutier (Galilaea, afterwards called Saint-Dié).

John of Bergamo July 11
+ c 690. Bishop of Bergamo in Italy (c 656 to c 690), he was renowned for his learning and great success in fighting Arianism.

Leontius the Younger July 11
c 510-565. A soldier who served against the Visigoths. He married and went to live in Bordeaux in France where he became bishop.

Pius I July 11
+ c 155. Pope from c 142 to c 155. He may have been a brother of Hermas, the writer of the work called The Shepherd. If so, Pius, like his brother, was born a slave. He opposed the Gnostics, notably the Gnostic Marcion. He may have been martyred.

Sabinus (Savinus) and Cyprian July 11
? Two martyrs and brothers venerated in Brescia in Italy.

Sabinus July 11
+ 5th cent. A saint venerated near Poitiers in France, said to have been a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre. Local tradition considers him to have been a martyr.

Sidronius July 11
+ c 270. A martyr in Rome under Aurelian.

Sigisbert and Placid July 11
+ c 650 (or c 750?). Sigisbert founded the monastery of Dissentis in Switzerland. He built it on land given to him by St Placid, a wealthy landowner who joined the monastery as a monk and was later martyred for defending it.

Thurketyl (Turketil) July 11
887-975. Of Danish origin, he restored the monastery of Crowland in England, which had been destroyed by the pagan Danes. He was also abbot of the monastery at Bedford.

July 12

Ansbald July 12
+ 886. Born in Luxembourg, he became a monk at Prüm in Germany, then Abbot of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes, and finally of Prüm in 860. His monastery was burnt down by the Vikings in 882 but he succeeded in restoring it.

Hermagoras and Fortunatus July 12
+ c 66. According to tradition, St Hermagoras was a disciple of the Apostle Mark and was consecrated first Bishop of Aquileia in Italy. After a fruitful apostolate he and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero.

Marciana July 12
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr venerated in Toledo in Spain.

Menulphus (Menou) July 12
7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.

Nabor and Felix July 12
+ c 304. Martyrs in Milan in Italy under Diocletian. Their relics were enshrined by St Ambrose nearly a century after their martyrdom.

Paternian July 12
+ c 470. Bishop of Bologna in Italy c 450-470.

Paulinus of Antioch and Companions July 12
c 67. Venerated as the first bishop and patron-saint of Lucca in Tuscany in Italy. By tradition he was born in Antioch and sent to Lucca by the Apostle Peter where he was martyred with others.

Proculus July 12
+ 542 Bishop of Bologna in Italy (540-542), martyred by the Goths.

Viventiolus July 12
+ 524. A monk at St Oyend in France who became Archbishop of Lyons. He was close to St Avitus of Vienne.

July 13

Dogfan (Doewan) July 13
5th cent. Martyred by heathen in Dyfed in Wales where a church was dedicated to him.

Eugene, Salutaris, Muritta and Companions July 13
+ 505. Eugene became Bishop of Carthage in North Africa in 481 but was soon afterwards expelled by the Arian Vandals with many of his flock, some of them mere boys. They were exiled to the desert of Tripoli, where they suffered greatly. In 488 they were allowed to return to Carthage, but Eugene was exiled again eight years later and reposed at Albi in Italy. All the above are considered to be martyrs because of their sufferings.

Julian of Le Mans Jan 27 (In the East July 13)
? 3rd cent. Venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France.

Mildred of Thanet July 13
+ c 700 One of the three daughters of St Ermenburgh of Minster-in-Thanet in England. She succeeded her mother as Abbess of Thanet. Her relics were enshrined in Canterbury and part of them survive. Her life describes her as 'ever merciful, of easy temper and tranquil'.

Turiaf (Turiav, Turiavus) July 13
+ c 750. He succeeded St Samson as Bishop of Dol in Brittany.

July 14

Deusdedit July 14
+ 664. Born in England and baptised Frithona, he was the first Englishman to become Archbishop of Canterbury, succeeding St Honorius in 655.

Felix of Como July 14
+ c 390. The first Bishop of Como in Italy. He was a friend of St Ambrose.

Idus July 14
5th cent. Baptised by St Patrick, he became Bishop of Alt-Fadha in Leinster in Ireland.

Justus July 14
? A soldier martyred in Rome

Libert July 14
+ 783. Born in Malines in Belgium, he was baptised and became a monk with St Rumoldus. Later he moved to the monastery of Saint-Trond where he was martyred by barbarians.

Marcellinus (Marchelm, Marculf) July 14
+ c 762. Born in England, he followed St Willibrord to Holland. Together with St Liafwine he preached the Gospel to the people of Over-Yssel. He reposed at Oldenzeel, but his relics were later taken to Deventer.

Optatian July 14
+ c 505. Bishop of Brescia in Italy c 451-505.

July 15

Adalard July 15
+ c 824. Called the younger, he was a monk at Corbie in France.

Apronia (Evronie) July 15
5th and 6th cent. Born near Trier in Germany, she was the sister of St Aprus (Evre), Bishop of Toul, who made her a nun. She reposed in Troyes in France.

Athanasius July 15
+ 872. Bishop of Naples in Italy, after he had ruled it for twenty years he began to suffer from the exactions of relatives, in whose hands rested the civil authority of Naples. Imprisoned, and then exiled, he reposed in Veroli and was buried at Montecassino, from where his body was transferred to Naples.

Benedict July 15
+ c 820. Bishop of Angers in the west of France.

Catulinus (Cartholinus), Januarius, Florentius, Julia and Justa July 15
? Martyrs in Carthage in North Africa.

Donald (Donivald) July 15
8th cent. A holy man who with his nine daughters, 'the Nine Maidens', lived as a hermit in Ogilvy in Scotland.

Edith of Polesworth July 15
+ c 925. Abbess of Polesworth in England and a sister of a King of England.

Eternus July 15
+ c 660. The ninth Bishop of Evreux in France.

Eutropius, Zosima and Bonosa July 15
+ c 273. Martyrs in Porto near Rome under Aurelian.

Felix of Pavia July 15
? A martyr in Pavia in Italy.

Haruch July 15
+ c 830. Bishop near Werden in Germany

Secundinus, Agrippinus, Maximus, Fortunatus and Martialis July 15
? 4th cent. Martyrs in Pannonia.

July 16

Domnio July 16
+ c 295. A martyr in Bergamo in Italy under Diocletian.

Generosus July 16
+ c 682. Abbot of Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes in Poitou in France.

Helier July 16
6th cent. Born in Tongres in Belgium, he lived as a hermit on Jersey in the Channel Islands and was martyred by heathen whom he was trying to convert.

Irmengard July 16
+ 866. Abbess of Buchau and then of Chiemsee in Germany.

Julia May 22 (In the East July 16)
+ 440. Born in Carthage in North Africa, she was sold into slavery by the Vandal conquerors. The ship on which she was being taken to Gaul stopped in Corsica. At that time heathen festival was being celebrated and when Julia refused to join in, she was immediately martyred by being nailed to a cross. She is the patron-saint of Corsica.

Reineldis (Raineldis, Reinaldes) and Companions July 16
+ c 680. Daughter of St Amelberg and sister of St Gudula. She was a nun at Saintes in Belgium where she was martyred together with two companions by the Huns.

Sisenandus July 16
+ 851. Born in Badajoz in Estremadura, he became a deacon in the church of St Acisclus in Cordoba in Spain. He was beheaded under Abderrahman II.

Tenenan July 16
7th cent. Probably born in Wales, he became a hermit in Brittany and eventually Bishop of Léon. His relics were enshrined in Ploabennec.

Valentine July 16
+ c 305. Bishop of Trier in Germany, or more probably Tongres in Belgium, martyred under Diocletian.

Vitalian July 16
+ 776. Bishop of Osimo in Italy.

Vitalian July 16
? Bishop of Capua in the south of Italy.

July 17

Alexis July 17 (In the East March 17)
+ early 5th cent. A saint originally distinguished by the title of 'the man of God'. The son of a Roman senator, in order to serve God in humility, he fled from his parental home disguised as a beggar. He set sail for Edessa where after seventeen years an Icon of the Mother of God proclaimed him 'the man of God'. He fled again and eventually returned to Rome and for years lived unrecognised as a beggar in his own home. After his repose a mysterious voice again proclaimed him 'the man of God'.

Andrew Zorard July 17
+ c 1010. Born in Poland, he lived as a hermit on Mount Zobar in Hungary.

Cynllo July 17
5th cent. Several churches are dedicated to him in Wales.

Ennodius July 17
473-521. Magnus Felix Ennodius was a Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Pavia in Italy. He was entrusted with two missions to Constantinople in connection with the Eutychian controversy. An Orthodox poet, his hymns are very edifying.

Fredegand (Fregaut) July 17
+ c 740. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Foillan. He became a monk and Abbot of Kerkelodor near Antwerp in Belgium.

Generosus July 17
? Venerated in Tivoli in Italy, where his relics are enshrined in the Cathedral.

Kenelm July 17
+ 821. Son of King Coenwulf of Mercia in England. By tradition he was murdered in the forest of Clent and buried in Winchcombe.

Marcellina July 17
c 330-398. Born in Rome, she was the elder sister of St Ambrose of Milan and St Satyrus. She became a nun in 353. Her remains are enshrined in Milan.

Scillitan Martyrs July 17
+ 180. Twelve martyrs, seven men and five women, who suffered at Scillium in North Africa under Septimius Severus. Their names are: Speratus, Narzales, Cythinus, Veturius, Felix, Acyllinus, Laetantius, Januaria, Generosa, Vestina, Donata and Secunda. The official Acts of these martyrs still exist.

Theodosius July 17
+ 516. Bishop of Auxerre in France c 507-516.

Turninus July 17
8th cent. An priest from Ireland who worked with St Foillan in Holland and also near Antwerp in Belgium.

July 18

Arnulf July 18
+ c 640. A courtier of high standing in the palace of the Austrasian kings, he decided to become a monk at Lérins. His wife became a nun and Arnulf was on the point of going to Lérins when he was made Bishop of Metz (c 616). A few years before his death he finally managed to go and live as a hermit.

Edburgh (Edburga) of Bicester July 18
c 650. A daughter of the pagan King Penda, she became a nun. Her relics were later transferred from Adderbury (Edburgh's burgh) in Oxfordshire in England to Bicester.

Frederick July 18
+ 838. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 820 on, he was murdered while in church in Maastricht.

Goneri July 18
6th cent. An exile from Britain to Brittany, where he lived as a hermit near Tréguier.

Gundenis July 18
+ 203. A virgin-martyred in Carthage in North Africa under Septimius Severus.

Marina July 18
? A martyr in Orense in Spain.

Maternus July 18
+ c 307. Bishop of Milan in Italy, chosen by popular acclamation in 295. He suffered a great deal during the persecution of Diocletian, but survived and reposed in peace.

Minnborinus July 18
+ 986. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of St Martin's in Cologne in Germany (974-986).

Philastrius July 18
+ c 387. Born in Spain, he became Bishop of Brescia in Italy at the time of the Arian troubles. He wrote a book against the Arians which still exists. His successor, St Gaudentius, praised him for his 'modesty, quietness and gentleness towards all men' and for his love for the poor.

Rufillus (Ruffilius) July 18
+ 382. First Bishop of Forlimpopoli in Emilia in Italy.

Symphorosa and Companions July 18
A martyr in Tivoli under Hadrian and widow of the martyr St Getulius. She is commemorated together with other martyrs: Crescens, Julian, Nemesius, Primitivus, Justin, Stracteus and Eugene.

Theneva (Thenew) Thenova, Dwynwen July 18
7th cent. The mother of St Kentigern and patron-saint of Glasgow in Scotland together with him.

July 19

Ambrose Autpertus July 19
+ c 778. Born in France, he went to Italy as an envoy and visited the monastery of St Vincent near Benevento, where he became a monk. Eventually he became abbot.

Arsenius the Great July 19
+ c 449. Surnamed also 'the Roman' and 'the deacon', being actually a Roman deacon. He was called by Theodosius the Great to Constantinople to become the tutor of Arcadius and Honorius, the Emperor's sons (c 383). After ten years in that office (c 393) he abandoned the court and retired to the desert of Skete as a hermit. He remained a hermit for the rest of his life, living in various places in Egypt, always weeping over the feebleness of Arcadius and the foolishness of Honorius. He reposed at the rock of Tröe near Memphis.

Aurea (Aura) July 19
+ 856. Born in Cordoba in Spain and a daughter of Muslim parents, in her widowhood she became a Christian and a nun at Cuteclara, where she remained for more than twenty years. She was then denounced as a Christian by her own family and beheaded.

Felix (Felicinus) of Verona July 19
? Bishop of Verona in Italy, venerated from ancient times as a saint.

Jerome of Pavia July 19
+ 787. Bishop of Pavia in Italy 778-787.

Justa and Rufina July 19
+ 287. Two sisters in Seville in Spain, potters by trade, who suffered under Diocletian. They are venerated as the main patron-saints of Seville.

Martin of Trier July 19
+ c 210. Tenth Bishop of Trier in Germany and possibly a martyr.

Symmachus July 19
+ 514. Born in Sardinia, he became Pope of Rome in 498. Energetic and competent, despite the activities and accusations of enemies, he built many churches in Rome.

July 20

Ansegisus July 20
c 770-833. A monk at Fontenelle in France at the age of eighteen, he later restored several monasteries.

Aurelius July 20
+ 429. Bishop of Carthage in North Africa.

Elswith July 20
+ 903. Wife of King Alfred the Great, after his death she became a nun at the convent which she had founded in Winchester.

Paul of St Zoilus July 20
+ 851. A deacon in Cordoba in Spain who belonged to the monastery of St Zoilus and who was very zealous in ministering to Christians imprisoned by the Muslims. He was beheaded for the Orthodox Faith and his relics were enshrined in the church of St Zoilus.

Rheticus (Rheticius, Rhetice) July 20
+ 334. A Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Autun in France c 310.

Severa July 20
+ c 680. Sister of St Modoald, Bishop of Trier in Germany. First Abbess of St Gemma (later Sainte-Sevère) in Villeneuve near Bourges in France.

Severa July 20
+ c 750. Abbess of the convent of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Wulmar (Ulmar, Ulmer, Vilmarus, Volmar) July 20
+ 689. Born near Boulogne in the north of France, he became a monk and later founded the monastery of Samer near Boulogne, later called Saint-Vulmaire after him. He also founded a convent at Wierre-aux-Bois.

July 21

Arbogast July 21
+ c 678. Born in Aquitaine in France, he was a hermit in Alsace when King Dagobert II forced him to become Bishop of Strasbourg, where he showed great humility and wisdom. At his own request he was buried in the place set apart for the burial of criminals. A church was soon built over his tomb.

Claudius, Justus, Jucundinus and Companions July 21
+ 273. A group of eight martyrs who suffered with St Julia in Troyes in France under Aurelian. Their relics were enshrined in the convent of Jouarre near Meaux.

Constantine July 21
+ c 560. A disciple and the first successor of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy.

John and Benignus July 21
+ 707. Twin brothers and monks at Moyenmoutier in France.

Julia of Troyes July 21
+ c 272. Born in Troyes in France, she was seized by soldiers of the Emperor Aurelian after his victory over the usurper Tetricus. Committed to the charge of an officer called Claudius, she converted him to Christ and both were beheaded in Troyes under the same Aurelian.

Praxedes July 21
2nd cent. The daughter of the Roman senator Pudens and sister of St Pudentiana. One of the ancient churches in Rome is dedicated to her.

Victor Alexander, Felician and Longinus July 21
+ c 290. Victor, an army officer in Marseilles in France, suffered martyrdom there with three prison-guards whom he had converted. In the fourth century St John Cassian built a monastery over their tomb which afterwards became the monastery of St Victor.

Wastrada July 21
+ c 760. Mother of St Gregory of Utrecht in Holland, she became a nun at the end of her life.

July 22

Dabius (Davius) July 22
? A priest from Ireland who preached in Scotland, where churches are dedicated to him.

Meneleus (Menele, Mauvier) July 22
+ c 720. Born in Anjou, he became a monk at Carméry in Auvergne in France. After seven years he left to restore the monastery of Ménat near Clermont.

Movean (Biteus) July 22
? A disciple of St Patrick and Abbot of Inis-Coosery in Co. Down in Ireland. He also lived in Perthshire in Scotland where he reposed as a hermit.

Pancharius July 22
+ c 356. Bishop of Besançon in France. He suffered much under the Arian Emperor Constantius.

Wandrille (Wandregisilus, Vandrille) July 22
c 600-668. Born near Verdun, he served in the king's palace and married. After a pilgrimage to Rome his wife became a nun and he became a monk at Roumain-Moutier. Some ten years later he founded the monastery of Fontenelle in the north of France which came to have over three hundred monks.

July 23

Apollinaris July 23
1st cent. The first Bishop of Ravenna in Italy, he was tortured for the Orthodox Faith and died. The exact date is not known. His shrine is at the monastery of Classe in Ravenna.

Apollonius and Eugene July 23
? Early Roman martyrs, the former was pierced with arrows at the stake, the latter was beheaded.

John Cassian July 23
c 360-433. Probably born in what is now Romania, he became a monk in Egypt and afterwards went to Marseilles in France, where he founded the monastery of St Victor and a convent, ruling both from Lérins. His Conferences and his Institutes are still read throughout the Orthodox world. He was an ardent advocate of the Orthodox teaching on free will and opposed what later became known as Augustianism.

Liborious July 23
+ 390. Bishop of Le Mans in France from 348 to 390. He is the patron saint of Paderborn in Germany where his relics were moved in 836.

Rasyphus and Ravennus July 23
5th cent. Born in Britain, they took refuge in the north of France. They became hermits there and were martyred in Macé. Their relics are enshrined in Bayeux.

Rasyphus July 23
? A martyr venerated in Rome from early times.

Romula, Redempta and Herundo July 23
+ c 580. Three holy virgins who lived as ascetics near the church of St Mary Major in Rome.

Trophimus and Theophilus July 23
+ c 302. Martyrs beheaded in Rome under Diocletian.

Valerian July 23
+ c 460. A monk at Lérins in the south of France who became Bishop of Cimeiz. He attended the Councils of Riez (439) and Vaison (442). Some of his homilies still exist.

Vitalian Jan 27 (In the East July 23)
+ 672. Pope of Rome from 657 to 672. He was much troubled by Monothelitism. He consecrated Theodore of Tarsus as Archbishop of Canterbury in 668.

July 24

Aliprandus (Leuprandus) July 24
8th cent. Abbot of St Augustine's in Pavia in Italy.

Christiana July 24
7th cent. By tradition she was born in England, but lived a holy life in Flanders. She is the patron saint of Termonde in Belgium.

Christina July 24
? Probably born in Rome, she was a virgin martyred near Lake Bolsena in Tuscany.

Declan July 24
5th cent. A disciple of St Colman who became bishop in the area of Ardmore in Ireland.

Dictinus July 24
+ 420. An adherent of Priscillianism, he was converted by St Ambrose and renounced his errors at the Council of Toledo (400). Soon afterwards he became Bishop of Astorga in Spain.

Godo (Gaon) July 24
+ c 690. Born in Verdun in France, he was a nephew of St Wandrille. He became a monk at Fontenelle and later founded the monastery of Oye near Sezanne-en-Brie.

Lewina July 24
5th cent. A Briton and virgin-martyr venerated in Seaford in Sussex in England.

Menefrida July 24
5th cent. Patron-saint of Tredresick in Cornwall.

Sigolena (Segoulème) July 24
+ c 769. Daughter of a noble in Aquitaine, once widowed she became a nun in the convent of Troclar on the Tarn in the south of France, where she later became abbess.

Ursicinus July 24
+ c 380. Fourth Bishop of Sens in France and an opponent of Arianism.

Victor, Stercatius and Antinogenes July 24
+ 304. By tradition three brothers martyred in Merida in Estremadura in Spain.

Vincent July 24
? A martyr in Rome outside the walls of the city on the road to Tivoli.

Wulfhad and Rufinus (Ruffin) July 24
7th century. Two princes of the royal family of Mercia in England, baptised by St Chad and then put to death by their father, unconverted, at Stone in Staffordshire.

July 25

Cucuphas (Cucufate, Cugat, Guinefort, Qoqofas) July 25
+ 304. Born in North Africa, he went to Spain and was martyred near Barcelona where the monastery of St Cugat del Valles was later founded. He is one of the most famous Spanish martyrs.

Ebrulfus (Evroult) July 25
+ c 600. Born in Beauvais in France, he became a hermit and later founded a monastery at Saint-Fuscien-aux-Bois.

Florentius and Felix July 25
+ 235. Two soldiers martyred under Maximinius the Thracian at Furcona near Aquila in the south of Italy. They belong to a group of eighty-three soldiers commemorated on July 24.

Glodesind July 25
+ c 608. She was betrothed to a courtier who was arrested on their wedding day and afterwards executed. She became a nun in Metz in France, where she later became abbess.

James the Greater July 25 (October 9 in the East)
+ 44. The son of Zebedee and brother of St John the Evangelist, he was one of the Twelve and the first to be martyred (Acts 12, 2) under King Herod Agrippa. By tradition he travelled as far as Spain and certainly relics of the Apostle were later enshrined in Compostella. Owing to this apostolic link, it became the most important places of pilgrimage in the West after Rome. St James is the patron-saint of Spain.

Magnericus July 25
+ 596. Bishop of Trier in Germany (c 566). He was a close friend of St Gregory of Tours and one of the most illustrious bishops of his time.

Nissen July 25
5th cent. A convert of St Patrick of Ireland, he became Abbot of Montgarth (Mountgarret) in Wexford.

Theodemir July 25
+ 851. A monk martyred in Cordoba in Spain under Abderrahman II.

July 26

Pastor July 26
+ c 160. A priest in Rome and by tradition the brother of Pope Pius I.

Simeon of Padolirone July 26
+ 1016. An Armenian hermit, he went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Rome, Compostella and Tours. He was renowned for the miracles he worked on these journeys. Finally he settled at the monastery of Padolirone near Padua in Italy.

Symphronius, Olympius, Theodulus and Exuperia July 26
+ 257. Symphronius was a Roman slave who brought about the conversion of the tribune Olympius, the latter's wife Exuperia and their son Theodulus. They were all burnt to death under Valerian.

Valens July 26
+ 531. Bishop of Verona in Italy from 524 to 531.

July 27

Ecclesius July 27
+ 532. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy from 52l till 532. He began building San Vitale, where there is still a mosaic of him.

Etherius July 27
+ 573. Bishop of Auxerre in France.

George, Aurelius and Natalia, Felix and Liliosa July 27
+ 852. Martyrs in Cordoba in Spain under the Caliph Abderrahman II. Aurelius and Felix, with their wives, Natalia and Liliosa, were Spaniards; but the deacon George was a monk from Palestine, who, though offered pardon as a foreigner, chose martyrdom for Christ with the others.

Maurus, Pantaleimon and Sergius July 27
+ c 117? Three martyrs venerated in Bisceglia on the Adriatic in Italy. Maurus is said to have been born in Bethlehem, sent by the Apostle Peter to be the first Bishop of Bisceglia. They were martyred under Trajan,

July 28

Arduinus (Ardwyne) July 28
7th cent. He is the patron-saint of Trepino in the south of Italy. According to some he was one of four English pilgrims who reposed in this region in the seventh century.

Camelian July 28
+ c 525. Successor of St Lupus as Bishop of Troyes in France from 478 to c 525.

Innocent I July 28
+ 417. Born in Albano near Rome, St Innocent was Pope from 402 till 417. The outstanding event of his life was the sack of Rome by the Goths under Alaric in 410. He also led the condemnation of Pelagianism.

Lucidus July 28
+ ? 938. A monk of St Peter's near Aquara in the south of Italy.

Lyutius July 28
+ c 1038. A monk at Montecassino who died as a hermit at La Cava in Italy.

Nazarius and Celsus July 28
+ c ? 68. Martyrs in Milan in Italy under Nero.

Peregrinus July 28
2nd cent. (?) A priest near Lyons in France at the time of St Irenaeus and during the persecution under Severus. He lived as a hermit on an island in the River Saône.

Samson (Sampson) July 28
c 490-c 565. Born in Wales, he became a disciple of St Illtyd at Llantwit Major and then for a time was monk and abbot of the monastery on Caldey Island. He left Caldey and visited Ireland. Then he went to Cornwall and was consecrated bishop by St Dubricius. Finally he crossed to Brittany and spent the rest of his life enlightening that country, basing himself at Dol. He was one of the greatest missionaries of his century.

Victor I July 28
+ 198. Born in North Africa, he was Pope of Rome for ten years (189-198).

July 29

Faustinus July 29
4th cent. A disciple of St Felix, Bishop of Martano near Spoleto in Italy, he was present at his martyrdom. St Faustinus suffered for Christ before reposing peacefully in Todi in Umbria.

Kilian July 29
7th cent. An abbot of a monastery on the island of Inishcaltra in Ireland and author of a Life of St Brigid.

Lupus of Troyes July 29
384-478. Born in Toul in France, he married the sister of St Hilary. After seven years, husband and wife separated by mutual consent, Lupus becoming a monk at Lérins. In 426 he became Bishop of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus of Auxerre to Britain to oppose Pelagianism. In 453 he succeeded in saving Troyes from Attila. He reposed at the age of ninety-four.

Olav of Norway (Olaf, Tola) July 29
995-1030. Son of King Harald of Norway. His early youth was spent as a pirate but in 1010 he was baptised in Rouen in France and in 1013 he helped Ethelred of England against the Danes. In 1015 he succeeded to the throne of Norway and at once called missionaries, mainly from England, to enlighten his homeland. He succeeded in part but was driven from his kingdom. In an attempt to recover it, he fell in battle at Stiklestad. In Norway he is regarded as the champion of national independence.

Prosper of Orleans July 29
+ c 453. Bishop of Orleans in France.

Serapia July 29
+ 119. A slave of Syrian descent who was beheaded in Rome under Hadrian.

Silin (Sulian) July 29
6th cent. Born in Brittany, he founded a small monastery in Luxulyan in Cornwall.

Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrix July 29
+ c 303. By tradition, two brothers and their sister martyred in Rome under Diocletian.

July 30

Abdon and Sennen July 30
3rd or 4th cent. Persian nobles brought to Rome as prisoners, they devoted themselves to looking after imprisoned Christians and burying the relics of the martyrs.

Ermengyth July 30
+ c 680. A sister of St Ermenburgh. She lived as a nun at Minster-in-Thanet in England.

Maxima, Donatilla and Secunda July 30
+ 304. Three holy virgins (Secunda was aged twelve), martyred in Tebourba in North Africa under Diocletian.

Olav of Sweden July 30
+ c 950. King of Sweden, martyred by the heathen for refusing to sacrifice to idols at the spot where Stockholm now stands.

Peter Chrysologus July 30
c 406-c 450. Born in Imola in Italy, he became deacon there, and then archdeacon and Archbishop of Ravenna (c 433). He is famed for his eloquence in preaching, thus the name Chrysologus, 'Golden Speech'. Many of his sermons still exist.

Rufinus July 30
? A martyr in one of the early persecutions in Assisi in Italy.

Tatwine July 30
+ 734. A monk at Breedon in Mercia in England who was famed for his piety and learning. He succeeded St Brithwald, becoming the tenth Archbishop of Canterbury

Ursus July 30
+ 508. A hermit at the church of St Amator in Auxerre in France, he was made bishop of that city when he was aged seventy-five.

July 31

Calimerius July 31
+ c 190. A Greek who became Bishop of Milan in Italy. He is the Apostle of the Po Valley. He was martyred under Commodus by being thrown into a well. He is buried under the altar of his church in Milan.

Fabius July 31
+ 300. A soldier beheaded in Caesarea in Mauretania in North Africa under Diocletian for refusing to carry a standard bearing idolatrous emblems.

Firmus of Tagaste July 31
? Bishop of Tagaste in North Africa, he was tortured and endured terrible sufferings rather than betray the hiding-place of one of his flock.

Germanus of Auxerre July 31
c 378-448. Born in Auxerre in France, he governed part of Gaul. In 418 he became Bishop of Auxerre. He came to Britain twice (in 429 and 447), where he succeeded in stamping out Pelagianism. He reposed in Ravenna in Italy.

Neot July 31
c 880. According to tradition he was a monk at Glastonbury in England, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place now called Saint Neot. Some relics were later taken to the town now called St Neots in Cambridgeshire.



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