Orthodox England - Latin Saints



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November 1

Amabilis Nov 1
+ 475. A priest in Tiom in Auvergne in France. He protects against fire and snakes.

Austremonius (Stremoine) Nov 1
3rd cent. Preaching in Auvergne in France, he became the first Bishop of Clermont-Ferrand.

Benignus Nov 1
2nd cent. A martyr venerated in Dijon in France from early times, over whose tomb the Cathedral of St Benignus was built.

Cadfan Nov 1
+ early 6th cent. Born in Brittany, he went to Wales and founded several monasteries. His name is mainly linked with Towyn in Gwynedd and Bardsey Island.

Caesarius and Julian Nov 1
? The former was a deacon from North Africa and the latter a priest. Both were martyred in Terracina in Italy. The church of St Caesarius in Rome is dedicated to St Caesarius.

Caesarius Nov 1
+ c 627. Bishop of Clermont in France.

Caillin Nov 1
7th cent. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns in Ireland.

Ceitho Nov 1
6th cent. One of five brothers, all saints in Wales. A church in Pumpsant was dedicated to them. The church in Llangeith in Dyfed was founded by St Ceitho.

Cledwyn (Clydwyn) Nov 1
5th cent. Patron saint of Llangedwyn in Clwyd in Wales.

Dingad Nov 1
5th cent. A hermit in Llandingad, i.e. Llandovery in Dyfed in Wales.

Floribert (Florbert) Nov 1
+ c 660. Abbot of monasteries in Ghent, Mont-Blandin and Saint-Bavon in Belgium.

Genesius Nov 1
+ c 679. A monk at Fontenelle in France, he became chaplain at the palace of Queen Bathild and in 658 Bishop of Lyons. He reposed at the convent of Chelles near Paris.

Germanus of Montfort Nov 1
c 906-1000. Born in Montfort in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Savigny. He reposed as a hermit.

Licinius (Lesin) Nov 1
+ c 616. Of noble origin, he became a monk and was chosen Bishop of Angers in France in 586 and consecrated by St Gregory of Tours.

Marcellus Nov 1
+ c 430. Bishop of Paris in France, he was buried in the old Christian cemetery outside the walls of the city, which is now the suburb of Saint-Marceau.

Mary the Slave Nov 1
+ c 300. A slave-girl in the household of a patrician in Rome, she was venerated as a martyr on account of her sufferings during the persecution of Diocletian.

Mathurin (Maturinus) Nov 1
? Born near Sens in France, he was converted and ordained by Polycarp, bishop of that city. In his turn he converted his own parents and successfully enlightened his native region.

Pabiali Nov 1
5th (or 6th) cent. Patron-saint of Partypallai in Wales.

Severinus Nov 1
+ c 699. A monk who lived as a hermit in Tivoli in Italy. His relics are in the church of St Laurence in Tivoli.

Vigor Nov 1
+ c 537. A disciple of St Vedast who became Bishop of Bayeux in France. Before this he had been a hermit, then a priest. He resolutely opposed paganism.

November 2

Ambrose Nov 2
523 and 582. There were two abbots of this name at the monastery of Agaunum in Switzerland.

Amicus Nov 2
+ c 1045. Born near Camerino in Italy, he became a priest, then a hermit and finally a monk at St Peter's in Fonteavellana.

Baya and Maura Nov 2
? 10th cent. Anchoresses in Scotland, St Bava guided St Maura and the latter became abbess of a convent.

George of Vienne Nov 2
+ c 699? Bishop of Vienne in France.

Justus of Trieste Nov 2
+ 303. A citizen of Trieste in Italy martyred under Diocletian by being thrown into the sea.

Publius, Victor, Hermes and Papias Nov 2
? Martyrs in North Africa.

Victorinus of Pettau Nov 2
+. c 304. Bishop of Pettau in Styria in Austria and the earliest exegete in the West.

November 3

Acheric and William Nov 3
+ c 860. Hermits at a monastery in the Vosges in France.

Clether (Cledog, Clodock) Nov 3
6th cent. Born in Wales, he was a hermit in Herefordshire, now in England. The village of Clodock is named after him.

Cristiolus Nov 3
7th cent. Brother of St Sulian and founder of churches, including one in Anglesey in Wales.

Domnus of Vienne Nov 3
+ 657. Successor of St Desiderius the Martyr as Bishop of Vienne in France. He was zealous in ransoming captives.

Elerius Nov 3
6th cent. Abbot of a monastery in the north of Wales.

Englatius (Englat, Tanglen) Nov 3
+ 966. Possibly a bishop, he lived in Tarves in Aberdeenshire in Scotland.

Florus (Flour) of Lodève Nov 3
+ 389. First Bishop of Lodève in Languedoc in France. The town where his relics are enshrined is named after him.

Gaudiosus of Tarazona Nov 3
+ c 585. A monk in Asan in the Pyrenees in Spain under St Victorian. Later he became Bishop of Tarazona..

Guenhael Nov 3
+ c 550. Guenhael was born in Brittany and became a monk at Landevennec with St Winwalöe where he later became abbot.

Hermengaudius (Armengol) Nov 3
+ 1035. Bishop of Urgell in Spain from 1010 till 1035. He built the Cathedral there.

Hubert Nov 3
+ 727. A widowed courtier who devoted his life to the Faith. By tradition he was converted while hunting. He probably became a monk at Stavelot in Belgium. Eventually he succeeded St Lambert as Bishop of Maastricht in Holland (c 706).

Papulus (Papoul) Nov 3
+ c 300. A priest who worked with St Saturninus in France and like him was martyred under Diocletian. His shrine is in Toulouse.

Pirmin Nov 3
+ 753. Born in Spain of Visigothic descent. When the Saracens invaded Spain, he fled and went to the Rhineland in Germany, where he established several monasteries - Reichenau in 724, Murbach, Amorbach - and restored others, notably Dissentis. He also became a bishop.

Rumwold Nov3
+ c 650. A three-day old infant and prince, who professed the Faith immediately after baptism and then died.

Saragossa, The Innumerable Martyrs Nov 3
+ 304. An exceedingly large number of martyrs put to death in Saragossa under Diocletian by the savage prefect Dacian, who had been sent to Spain to enforce the decrees. He published an edict exiling all Orthodox from the city, and while they were leaving he ordered the soldiers to fall upon and massacre them. Eighteen of them are honoured separately on April 16.

Sylvia Nov 3
+ c 572. The mother of St Gregory the Great. A chapel was built in her honour over her house on the Coelian Hill in Rome.

Valentine and Hilary Nov 3
+ c 304. A priest and his deacon, beheaded at Viterbo near Rome under Diocletian.

Valentinian Nov 3
+ c 500. Bishop of Salerno in the south of Italy.

Vulganius Nov 3
+ c 704 A Celt who went to France, enlightened the Atrebati and finally lived as a hermit in Arras.

Winefred Nov 3
7th cent. Born in Wales and a niece of St Beuno, she was beheaded by a prince for refusing his advances. A spring of water gushed forth where her head had fallen. This was the origin of her holy well which has been a centre of pilgrimage ever since.

Wulgan Nov 3
8th cent. A holy man born in Canterbury in England, where his relics were later venerated.

November 4

Birnstan (Beornstan) Nov 4
+ c 934. Successor of St Frithestan as Bishop of Winchester in England. He loved to pray for the departed.

Clarus Nov 4
+ c 875. Born in Rochester in England, he went to France, where he lived as a hermit near Rouen. He was murdered in the village of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte where he lived and which is named after him. His relics are venerated there to this day.

Emeric Nov 4
1007-1031. Son of St Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary. He was a disciple of St Gerard Sagredo of Czanad but died before he could inherit the crown.

Gregory of Burtscheid Nov 4
+ 999. A Greek monk from Cerchiara in Calabria in Italy, he fled from the Saracens and met Emperor Otto III in Rome. The latter befriended him, invited him to Germany and built for him the monastery of Burtscheid near Aachen.

Modesta Nov 4
+ c 680. Niece of St Modoald in France and first Abbess of Oehren in Trier in Germany.

Philologus and Patrobas Nov 4
1st cent. An Orthodox in Rome greeted by the Apostle Paul in his letter to the Romans (16:14-18).

Proculus Nov 4
+ c 717. Bishop of Autun in France martyred by invading Huns.

Vitalis and Agricola Nov 4
+ c 304. Martyrs in Bologna in Italy under Diocletian. Vitalis suffered martyrdom with such courage that Agricola was inspired by him to face a shameful death - probably crucifixion - for Christ's sake. The basilica in Ravenna is dedicated to St Vitalis.

November 5

Augustine and Paulinus Nov 5
6th cent. According to tradition, they were monks sent by St Benedict to found the monastery of Terracina in Italy.

Bertilla Nov 5
+ c 705. A nun at Jouarre near Meaux in France, she became Abbess of Chelles and the convent flourished under her for fifty years.

Dominator Nov 5
+ ? 495. The fourteenth Bishop of Brescia in Lombardy in Italy.

Domninus Nov 5
4th cent. The first Bishop of Grenoble in France.

Felix and Eusebius Nov 5
? 1st cent. Martyrs in Terracina, between Rome and Naples in Italy.

Fibitius Nov 5
+ c 500. Abbot of a monastery in Trier in Germany and the twenty-first bishop of that city.

Hermenegild Nov 5
+ 586. A monk at Salcedo in Galicia in Spain.

Kanten (Cannen) Nov 5
8th cent. Founder of Lianganten in Powys in Wales.

Kea (Kay, Kenan) Nov 5
6th cent. A saint who gave his name to Landkey in Devon, now in England. He spent some of his life in Brittany where he is venerated as St Quay.

Laetus Nov 5
+ 533. A monk at the age of twelve, he is honoured near Orleans in France, his relics enshrined in the village of St Lié.

Linus Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.

Magnus Nov 5
+ 525. Archbishop of Milan in Italy from 520 to 525.

Spinulus (Spinula, Spin) Nov 5
+ 707 (or 720). A monk at Moyenmoutier with St Hidulf. Later he founded the monastery of Bégon-Celle (now Saint-Blasien) also in France.

November 6

Edwen Nov 6
7th cent. Probably born in England, she is the patron saint of Llanedwen in Anglesey in Wales.

Efflam Nov 6
+ c 700. Born in Britain, he went to Brittany where he became abbot of a monastery he had founded.

Erlafrid Nov 6
+ c 830. He founded the monastery of Hirschau in Germany, where he became a monk.

Felix of Fondi Nov 6
6th cent. A monk at a monastery in Fondi in the south of Italy.

Felix of Thynissa Nov 6
? A martyr who suffered in Thynissa near Hippo (Bone) in North Africa. He was found dead in prison the day before he was to be executed.

Illtyd (Illtut) Nov 6
+ c 505. One of the most famous saints in Wales. He became a monk with St Cadoc and later founded the monastery of Lian-IlItut or Llantwit, from where came most of the Welsh saints of that period. By tradition he reposed in Brittany.

Leonard of Noblac Nov 6
? + c 559. A French courtier converted by St Remi of Rheims in France. On the advice of that saint, St Leonard went to live in the monastery of Micy near Orleans and later he became a hermit in a neighbouring forest, now called Noblac.

Leonianus Nov 6
+ c 570. Born in Pannonia, he was taken as a prisoner to France and on regaining his freedom lived as a hermit near Autun.

Severus Nov 6
+ 633. Bishop of Barcelona in Spain, he was martyred under the Arian Visigoths who put him to death by driving nails into his temples.

Stephen of Apt Nov 6
975-1046. Born in Agde, he became Bishop of Apt in the south of France in 1010.

Winoc Nov 6
+ ? 717. Born in Wales, he became a monk at Sithin in France. He was sent to found a new monastery at Wormhoult in Belgium where he became abbot and he enlightened the surrounding area from that centre.

November 7

Amarand Nov 7
+ c 700. Abbot of Moissac in France, he became Bishop of Albi.

Amaranthus Nov 7
3rd cent. A martyr venerated in Albi in the south of France.

Blinlivet (Blevileguetus) Nov 7
9th cent. The twenty-fifth Bishop of Vannes in Brittany.

Cumgar (Congar, Cyngar) Nov 7
6th cent? Born in Devon, now in England, he founded monasteries in Budgworth, Congresbury in Somerset and in Llangennith in Wales. He was buried in Congresbury which was named after him.

Florentius of Strasbourg Nov 7
+ c 693. Born in Ireland, he left his country for Alsace, now in France, and settled near Haselac, where he built a monastery. About the year 678 he became Bishop of Strasbourg, where he founded another monastery dedicated to St Thomas.

Gebetrude (Gertrude) Nov 7
+ c 675. Third Abbess of Remiremont in France.

Gertrude of Remiremont Nov 7
+ c 690. Granddaughter of St Romaricus. She became a nun and was abbess after her aunt at the convent of Saint-Mont near Remiremont in France.

Herculanus Nov 7 and March 1
+ 549. Bishop of Perugia in Italy, beheaded by soldiers of Totila of the Ostrogoths.

Prosdocimus Nov 7
+ c 100. First Bishop of Padua in Italy.

Raverranus Nov 7
+ 682. Bishop of Séez in France .

Rufus of Metz Nov 7
+ c 400. An early Bishop of Metz in France He was bishop for some twenty-nine years.

Tremorus Nov 7
6th cent. Infant son of St Triphina, he was murdered in Carhaix in Brittany by his stepfather, Count Conmore. He is the patron saint of Carhaix.

Willibrord (Clement) Nov 7
c 658-739. Born in Northumbria, he went to Ireland. From there he went to Friesland in Holland (c 690) accompanied by eleven other monks from England. Six years later he was consecrated bishop with the name of Clement and he founded his Cathedral in Utrecht. His work with the Frisians bore much fruit, as also in Heligoland and Denmark. He founded the monastery of Echternach in Luxembourg in 698 where his relics remain.

November 8

Clarus Nov 8
+ 379. Born in Tours in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Marmoutier with St Martin. He was ordained priest and then lived as a hermit near the monastery.

Cybi (Cuby) Nov 8
6th cent. An abbot who, with St Seiroil, is one of the most famous saints of Anglesey. He founded a monastery there, called Caer Gybi (the fortress of Cybi). He is the patron saint of Llangibby and Llangybi in Wales and Tregony, Landulph and Cuby in Cornwall.

Deusdedit (Adeodatus I) Nov 8
+ 618. Born in Rome, he became Pope in 615. During an outbreak of the plague he worked untiringly for the sick.

Four Crowned Martyrs Nov 8
There are two groups called the Four Holy Crowned Martyrs. One group suffered in Albano in Italy in c 305, Secundus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus. The other group, actually five in number, were martyred in Pannonia at about the same time: Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian and Castorius and Simplicius. The latter were sculptors who refused to carve a statue of the god Aesculapius and were martyred by Diocletian. Relics of four of the martyrs were brought to Rome and so veneration of four, not five, began.

Gervadius (Gernard, Garnet) Nov 8
10th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to Moray and became a hermit near Elgin in Scotland.

Gregory of Einsiedeln Nov 8
+ 996. On pilgrimage from England to Rome, he became a monk. On his way home he stopped at the monastery of Einsiedeln in Switzerland in 949. Eventually he became abbot there and the monastery flourished under him.

Maurus Nov 8
+ 383. Second Bishop of Verdun in France (353-383).

Moroc Nov 8
9th cent. Abbot of Dunkeld and afterwards Bishop of Dunblane in Scotland.

Tysilio (Tyssel, Tyssilo, Suliau) Nov 8
7th cent. A prince who became Abbot of Meifod in Powys and founded several churches in other parts of Wales.

Willehad Nov 8
+ c 789. A Northumbrian monk who in c 766 left England to enlighten the Frisians in Holland. Later he preached to the Saxons, but had to abandon this mission and retired to the monastery of Echternach. In 787 he was ordained Bishop of Bremen in Germany.

Wiomad (Weomadus) Nov 8
+ c 790. A monk at St Maximinus in Trier in Germany. He became Abbot of Mettlach and finally Bishop of Trier (c 750-790).

November 9

Agrippinus (Arpinus) Nov 9
2nd or 3rd cent. Bishop of Naples in Italy, where he has been greatly venerated from time immemorial. His relics are enshrined under the altar of the Cathedral of Naples with Sts Eutychius and Acutius, companions of St Januarius.

Benignus (Benen) Nov 9
+ c 466. 'Benen, son of Sessenen, St Patrick's Psalmsinger'. A favourite disciple of St Patrick, whom he succeeded as the main bishop in Ireland. He preached mainly in Clare and Kerry and founded a monastery in Drumlease.

Pabo Nov 9
+ c 510. After life as a soldier in Scotland, he came to Wales and in Anglesey founded the monastery later called Llanbabon after him.

Ursinus Nov 9
3rd cent. First Bishop of Bourges in France.

Vitonus (Vanne, Vaune) Nov 9
+ c 525. Bishop of Verdun in the north of France c 500-525. A monastery in Lorraine was later dedicated to him.

November 10

Aedh MacBricc Nov 10
6th cent. A disciple of St Illadan at Rathlihen in Offaly in Ireland, he founded churches at Rathugh and other places in his native Meath, where he was bishop.

Elaeth the King Nov 10
6th cent. A Briton driven into Wales by the Picts. He became a monk with St Seiriol in Anglesey in Wales. Some of his poems still exist.

Guerembaldus Nov 10
+ 965. A monk at Hirschau in Germany, who out of humility refused to become Bishop of Spire.

Hadelin (Adelheim) Nov 10
+ c 910. A monk and Abbot of Saint-Calais and then Bishop of Séez in France from c 884 on.

Justus of Canterbury Nov 10
+ 627. Born in Italy, he was sent by St Gregory the Great to England in 601. In 604 he became first Bishop of Rochester and in 624 succeeded St Mellitus as the fourth Archbishop of Canterbury.

Leo the Great Nov 10 (In the East Feb 18)
+ 461. Probably born in Tuscany in Italy, he became Bishop of Rome in 440. He fought against many heresies. His celebrated Tomos defined the Orthodox belief in the Two Natures and One Person of Christ. It was acclaimed as the teaching of the Orthodox Church at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The most famous event of his life was his meeting with Attila outside the gates of Rome which resulted in the salvation of the city in 452.

Monitor Nov 10
+ c 490. Twelfth Bishop of Orleans in France.

Probus Nov 10
+ c 175. Born in Rome, he became the sixth Bishop of Ravenna in Italy. His relics are venerated in the Cathedral in Ravenna.

Tiberius, Modestus and Florentia Nov 10
+ 303? Martyrs under Diocletian at Agde in the south of France.

November 11

Bartholomew of Rossano Nov 11
+ 1065. A Greek, he was born in Rossano in Calabria in Italy. He followed St Nilus to the foundation of Grottaferrata in Frascati near Rome and St Bartholomew is considered as its second founder. He persuaded Pope Benedict IX (+1055) to repent for his sins.

Bertuin Nov 11
+ c 698. Born in England, he became a monk at Othelle. He became a bishop and founded the monastery of Malonne near Namur in Belgium.

Cynfran Nov 11
5th cent. The founder of a church in Gwynedd in Wales where there is also a holy well.

Martin of Tours Nov 11 (In the East Oct 12)
c 316-397. Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.

Mennas Nov 11
+ 6th cent. A Greek from Asia Minor who became a hermit in the Abruzzi in Italy, probably in Santomena.

Rhediw Nov 11
? A saint recalled by the dedication of a church in Llanllyfni in North Wales.

Valentine, Felician and Victorinus Nov 11
+ c 305. Martyrs venerated in Ravenna in Italy.

Veranus Nov 11
5th century. Bishop in Lyons in France.

November 12

Astericus (Astricus, Ascrick) Nov 12
+ c 1035. Born in Czechia, he became a monk and accompanied St Adalbert in the Czech mission. He became the first Abbot of Brevnov but had to flee to Hungary where he became the first Abbot of Pannonhalma, recently founded by King Stephen, and Archbishop of Kalocsa. Anastasius was the King's ambassador and brought the holy crown of Hungary to St Stephen.

Benedict, John, Matthew, Isaac and Christinus (Christian) Nov 12
+ 1005. Monks from Italy who followed St Adalbert of Prague and were murdered by thieves at their monastery near Gnesen in Poland.

Cadwallader Nov 12
+ 664. A pious king who lived in Wales.

Cummian Fada Nov 12
+ 662. A monk at Clonfert, he founded the monastery of Kilcummin.

Cunibert Nov 12
+ c 663. Archbishop of Cologne in Germany. He was an untiring builder of churches and monasteries.

Emilian Nov 12
+ 574. A poor shepherd in La Rioja in Spain, he became a hermit and was later ordained priest for the parish of Berceo. The saint, however, returned to his life as a hermit. A large number of disciples gathered around him and he became their abbot. This gave rise to the monastery of La Cogolla. In Spain he is known as San Millan de la Cogolla.

Evodius Nov 12
+ c 560. Bishop of Le Puy in France.

Himerius (Imier) Nov 12
+ c 610. A hermit in the Jura in Switzerland, now called after him Immertal, Val-Saint-Imier.

Liafwine (Lebuin) Nov 12
+ c 773. A monk at Ripon in England, he went to Holland and took part in the work begun by St Boniface. He worked with St Marcellinus under St Gregory of Utrecht and founded a church in Deventer. From there he preached to the Saxons and the Frisians.

Machar (Macharius, Mochumna) Nov 12
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he was baptised by St Colman and became a disciple of St Columba at Iona in Scotland. Later he went with twelve disciples to convert the Picts near Aberdeen.

Namphasius (Namphrase) Nov 12
+ c 800. After a military career, he became a hermit near Marcillac in France.

Paternus Nov 12
+ c 726. Born in Brittany, he was a monk at Cessier and then at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif near Sens in France. He was murdered by evildoers.

Renatus (René) Nov 12
+ c 422. Bishop of Angers in France and by tradition of Sorrento in the south of Italy.

Rufus of Avignon Nov 12
+ c 200. Venerated as the first Bishop of Avignon in France.

Ymar Nov 12
+ c 830. A monk at the monastery of Reculver in Kent in England, he was martyred by the Danes.

November 13

Abbo Nov 13
c 945-1004. Born near Orleans in France, he became a monk at Fleury (St Benoît-sur-Loire). Invited by St Oswald of Worcester to take charge of the monastery of Ramsey in England, he stayed there for two years (985-7) and wrote the Life of St Edmund. He then became Abbot of Fleury 988. He was martyred in La Réole in Gascony.

Arcadius, Paschasius, Probus, Eutychian and Paulillus Nov 13
+ 437. All of these were born in Spain and exiled to Africa by the Vandal Arian King Genseric, where they became the Protomartyrs of the Vandal persecution. Paulillus was only a boy, the little brother of Sts Paschasius and Eutychian.

Brice (Britius, Brixius) Nov 13
+ 444. A disciple of St Martin of Tours in France, in fact he was proud and ambitious. Chosen to be St Martin's successor at Tours, he was eventually driven out. He repented and was reinstated. Such was the change in him that his flock proclaimed him a saint immediately after his death.

Chillien (Kilian) Nov 13
7th cent. Born in Ireland and a relative of St Fiacre, he was a missionary in Artois in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Aubigny near Arras.

Columba Nov 13
? A virgin-martyr in Cornwall, where she is the patron-saint of two parishes.

Dalmatius Nov 13
+ 580. Bishop of Rodez in France from 524 to 580. He suffered greatly at the hands of the Arian King Amalric.

Damasus Nov 13
+ 384. Born in Spain, he served as deacon in the Spanish church of St Laurence in Rome. He became Pope of Rome in 366, opposed Arianism and Apollinarianism, developed the liturgy and restored many churches and tombs of the martyrs.

Devinicus (Denick, Teavneck) Nov 13
6th cent. Born in the north of Scotland, in old age he worked with Sts Columba and Machar and preached in Caithness, probably as a bishop.

EugeneI of Toledo Nov 13
+ 657. A Spanish Goth, born in Toledo in Spain. He became a monk at St Engracia in Saragossa. Finally, in 646, he became Bishop of Toledo. He was a gifted poet and musician and zealous for the beauty of the liturgy

Gredifael Nov 13
7th cent. A saint who accompanied St Paternus from Brittany to Wales. He was Abbot of Whitland in Dyfed.

Maxellendis Nov 13
+ c 670. She was stabbed to death in Caudry near Cambrai in the north of France because she wished to be a nun.

Mitrius (Mitre, Metre, Merre) Nov 13
+ 314. A Greek slave belonging to a tyrannical master in Aix in Provence in France. He was savagely abused by his master and his fellow-slaves and was finally beheaded.

Quintian Nov 13
+ c 527. Born in North Africa, he fled to France to escape the Arian-Vandal persecution. Eventually he became Bishop of Rodez, but was exiled by the Arian Visigoths. He went to Auvergne where he succeeded St Euphrasius as Bishop of Clermont.

Valentine, Solutor and Victor Nov 13
+ c 305. Martyrs venerated in Ravenna in Italy.

November 14

Alberic Nov 14
+ 784. Nephew of St Gregory of Utrecht, he became a priest and, on his uncle's repose in 775, Bishop of St Martin's in Utrecht in Holland. Highly educated, his work among the pagan Teutons was very fruitful.

Dubricius (Dubric, Dyfrig) Nov 14
+ c 545. One of the founders of monastic life in Wales. His main monastic centres were at Henllan and Moccas. However, he founded many other monasteries in Gwent and in England in what is now Herefordshire and the Wye Valley. He had jurisdiction over Caldey Island where he appointed St Samson abbot and later consecrated him bishop. A late tradition makes him Archbishop of Caerleon. He reposed on the Isle of Bardsey.

Jucundus of Bologna Nov 14
+ 485. Bishop of Bologna in Italy.

Modanic Nov 14
8th cent. A bishop in Scotland.

Sidonius (Säens) Nov 14
+ c 690. Born in Ireland, Sidonius became a monk at Jumièges in the north of France with St Philibert (644). Later he became the first abbot of a small monastery which that bishop had founded near Rouen. This monastery was later called Saint-Säens.

Veneranda Nov 14
2nd cent. An early martyr in France.

Venerandus Nov 14
+ 275. An influential citizen of Troyes in France martyred under Aurelian.

November 15

Arnulf Nov 15
+ 871. Bishop of Toul in France from 847 to 871.

Desiderius Nov 15
+ 655. He succeeded his own brother, St Rusticus, as Bishop of Cahors in France (630-655).

Eugene Nov 15
? He preached the Gospel with St Dionysius, Bishop of Paris in France, and was martyred.

Felix of Nola Nov 15
+ 287. The first Bishop of Nola near Naples in Italy, he was martyred with thirty companions.

Findan (or Fintan) Nov 15
+ 879. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was taken as a slave to the Orkneys by Norse raiders but managed to escape to Scotland. He then went on pilgrimage to Rome and became a monk in Farfa in Italy. From there he went to the monastery of Rheinau in Switzerland, where he lived as a hermit for twenty-two years. His relics still exist.

Luperius Nov 15
6th (or 8th) cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

Machudd (Machell) Nov 15
7th cent. Founder of the monastery of Llanfechell in Anglesey in Wales.

Malo (Machutis, Maclou) Nov 15
+ c 640. Born in Wales, he moved to Brittany and settled at a place called Aleth, now St Malo, where he was the first bishop.

Paduinus (Pavin) Nov 15
+ c 703. A monk at the monastery of St Vincent in Le Mans in France and then first Abbot of St Mary's near Le Mans.

Secundus, Fidentian and Varicus Nov 15
? Martyrs in North Africa.

November 16

Afan Nov 16
6th cent. A bishop who gave his name to the church of Llanafan in Powys in Wales.

Africus Nov 16
7th cent. Bishop of Comminges in France, celebrated for his zeal for Orthodoxy.

Alfric (Aelfric) Nov 16
+ 1005. A monk and Abbot of Abingdon and later Bishop of Wilton and twenty-ninth Archbishop of Canterbury in 995. He governed the Church ably in the critical times of the Danish invasion of Kent.

Elpidius, Marcellus, Eustochius and Companions Nov 16
+ 362. An official at the court of the Emperor Constantius, he was demoted by Julian the Apostate. He and others were dragged tied to the tails of wild horses. Finally they were all burnt at the stake.

Eucherius Nov 16
+ 449. He became a monk at Lérins in France in 422 and his wife Galla became a nun. Two of their sons became bishops. In 434 he became Bishop of Lyons and in 441 he presided the Council of Orange with St Hilary and several of his ascetic works still exist

Fidentius Nov 16
2nd cent. An early saint in Padua in Italy.

Gobrain Nov 16
+ 725. A monk who became Bishop of Vannes in Brittany and at the age of eighty-seven went to live as a hermit.

Othmar (Otmar, Audemar) Nov 16
+ 759. Of Germanic origin and already a priest, in 720 he was appointed Abbot of St Gall in Switzerland. Under him a period of prosperity began for the monastery, which soon became the most important in Switzerland. He was persecuted by two lords, unjustly slandered and condemned. He bore his sufferings with great patience, reposing in prison.

Rufinus, Mark, Valerius and Companions Nov 16
? Martyrs in North Africa.

November 17

Acisclus and Victoria Nov 17
+ 304. Brother and sister, they were born in Cordoba in Spain and were martyred, probably under Diocletian. Their home was turned into a church. They are the main patron-saints of Cordoba and were venerated throughout Spain and the south of France.

Anianus (Aignan) Nov 17
+ 453. Fifth Bishop of Orleans in France. He is famous for organising the defence of his city during the invasion of the Huns under Attila. He interceded with the latter on his approach to Orleans, thus saving it.

Eugene Nov 17
+ 422. A deacon of the Church of Florence in Italy with Bishop Zenobius. He had been a disciple of St Ambrose at Milan.

Gregory of Tours Nov 17
540-594. Born in Auvergne in France, he was baptised George Florentius, but took the name Gregory when he became Bishop of Tours in 573. He was a fine bishop and excelled as a historian.

Hild (Hilda) Nov 17
614-680. Born in Northumbria, she was a relative of King Edwin. Baptised as a child by St Paulinus in 631, at the age of thirty-three she joined the nuns of Hartlepool in Northumberland where soon after she became abbess. Later she became Abbess of Whitby. Her influence was one of the most decisive factors in uniting the Church in seventh century England. Five of her monks became bishops.

Namasius (Naamat, Namat, Namatius) Nov 17
+ c 599. Twenty-second Bishop of Vienne in France.

November 18

Amandus and Anselm Nov 18
Amandus + 708. Anselm later in the 8th cent. St Amandus succeeded St Aigulphus as Abbot of Lérins in France in 676. St Anselm, another Abbot of Lérins, lived later in the eighth century.

Anselm Nov 18
c 750 Abbot of Lérins in France.

Constant Nov 18
+ 777. A priest-hermit at Lough Erne in Ireland who died in circumstances which led to his veneration as a martyr.

Keverne Nov 18
6th cent. A friend of St Kieran or Piran in Cornwall.

Mawes (Maudetus, Maudez) Nov 18
? 6th cent. Born in Wales, he lived as a hermit near Falmouth in Cornwall, where a village is named after him. Later he went to Brittany where he is known as St Maudez and where many churches are dedicated to him.

Maximus of Mainz Nov 18
+ 378. The nineteenth Bishop of Mainz in Germany from 354 to 378. He suffered greatly at the hands of the Arians.

Mummolus (Mumbolus, Momleolus, Momble) Nov 18
+ c 690. Born in Ireland, he was a companion of St Fursey whom he succeeded as Abbot of Lagny in France.

Nazarius Nov 18
+ c 450. A monk and Abbot of Lérins in France.

Oriculus and Companions Nov 18
+ c 430. Martyrs under the Arian Vandals near Carthage in North Africa.

November 19

Anastasius II Sept 8 and Nov 19
+ 498. Pope of Rome between 496-498.

Atto Nov 19
+ c 1010. First Abbot of Tordino near Teramo in Italy.

Crispin Nov 19
4th cent. Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia in Spain, he was beheaded under Maximian Herculeus.

Ermenburgh Nov 19
+ c 700. Also known as Domna Ebba (Lady Ebba, shortened to Domneva. She was a Kentish princess married to the King of Mercia, and the mother of Sts Mildred, Milburgh and Mildgytha. She founded the convent of Minster-in-Thanet in about 670.

James of Sasseau Nov 19
+ c 865. Born in Constantinople, after many travels he came to France and was ordained in Clermont, later living as a hermit in Sasseau.

Maximus Nov 19
+ c 255. A martyr who suffered in Rome under Valerian.

Medana Nov 19
8th cent. A holy virgin from Ireland who went to Scotland and lived in Galloway.

Severinus, Exuperius and Felician Nov 19
+ 170. Martyrs in Vienne in France under Marcus Aurelius.

Tuto (Totto) Nov 19
+ 815. Founder in 764 of the monastery of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany.

November 20

Ampelus and Gaius Nov 20
+ c 302. Martyred in Messina in Sicily under Diocletian.

Autbodus Nov 20
+ 690. Born in Ireland, he preached in Artois, Hainault and Picardy in the north of France and Belgium. He reposed as a hermit near Laon.

Benignus Nov 20
+ c 477. Archbishop of Milan in Italy.

Bernward (Berward) Nov 20
+ 1022. Bishop of Hildesheim in Germany from 993, he excelled as an architect, painter, sculptor, decorator and metalsmith. He was also a tutor of the half-Greek Emperor Otto III.

Edmund Nov 20
841-869. King of East Anglia and first patron-saint of England. In 869 he was taken prisoner by the heathen Danes and savagely martyred at Hoxne in Suffolk. He died with the name of Jesus on his lips. Bury St Edmunds was named after him.

Eudo (Eudon, Eudes Odo) Nov 20
+ c 760. A monk at Lerins in France, he founded the monastery of Corméry-en-Velay (Charmillac, later called Saint-Chaffre).

Eval (Uvol, Urfol) Nov 20
6th cent. A bishop in Cornwall. A village there is called after him.

Leo of Nonantula Nov 20
+ 1000. Monk and abbot of the monastery of Nonantula near Modena in Italy.

Maxentia Nov 20
? Born in Ireland, she settled as an anchoress near Senlis in France, where she was put to death at the place now called Pont-Sainte-Maxence.

Octavius, Solutor and Adventor Nov 20
+ 297. Patron-saints of Turin in Italy where they were martyred.

Silvester Nov 20
+ c 525. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France from c 484 to c 525. St Gregory of Tours describes him as 'the glory of confessors'.

Simplicius of Verona Nov 20
+ c 535. Bishop of Verona in Italy.

November 21

Amelberga Nov 21
+ c 900. Abbess of Susteren in what is now Holland

Celsus and Clement Nov 21
? Martyrs in Rome.

Columbanus the Younger Nov 21
+ c 616. A disciple of St Columbanus and a monk at Luxeuil in France.

Demetrius and Honorius Nov 21
? Martyrs in Ostia in Italy.

Digain Nov 21
5th cent. A son of Constantine, a lord in Cornwall. Llangernw in Clwyd in Wales is named after him.

Gelasius I Nov 21
+ 496. Born in Africa, he became Pope of Rome in 492. He was one of the most energetic bishops of his time.

Hilary Nov 21
+ c 1045. Born in Matera in the south of Italy, he became Abbot of San Vincenzo in Volturno (1011-1045) and revived monastic life there.

Honorius, Eutychius and Stephen Nov 21
+ c 300. Martyrs in Asta in Andalusia in Spain under Diocletian.

Maurus Nov 21
+ c 600. Twelfth Bishop of Verona in Italy. Towards the end of his life he became a hermit.

Rufus of Rome Nov 21
+ c 90. The disciple whom St Paul greets in Romans 16, 13.

November 22

Cecilia Nov 22
2nd-3rd cent. One of the most famous virgin-martyrs of Rome. Having suffered for Christ, she was buried in the cemetery of St Callistus. Her relics are beneath the altar of the basilica of St Cecilia in Trastevere. She is the patron-saint of musicians.

Christian Nov 22
+ c 873. Thirty-seventh Bishop of Auxerre in France.

Deyniolen (Deiniol, Daniel) Nov 22
+ 621. More commonly known as St Deiniol the Younger. He was Abbot of Bangor in Wales.

Maurus Nov 22
? Born of Christian parents in North Africa, he went to Rome where he was martyred under Numerian.

Pragmatius Nov 22
+ c 520. Bishop of Autun in France.

Sabinian Nov 22
+ c 720?. Third Abbot of Moutier-Saint-Chaffre in France.

Tigridia (or Trigidia) Nov 22
+ c 925. A daughter of Count Sancho Garcia who founded for her the convent of Oña, near Burgos in Spain.

November 23

Adalbert Nov 23
+ c 1045. A monk at Cassoria in the Abruzzi in Italy. He lived as a hermit on Mt Caramanico near Chieti, where he founded the monastery of St Nicholas.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Clement Nov 23
? First Bishop of Metz in the east of France.

Columbanus Nov 23
c 543-615. Born in Leinster, he became a monk and ascetic at Bangor. In 580 he left Ireland with a group of monks and worked first in England, then in Brittany and finally in France where he founded a very strict monastery at Luxeuil. Here he was abbot for twenty-five years. His outspoken protest against the disorders of the Frankish court led to his exile. He ended his days in the north of Italy at Bobbio where he had also founded a monastery.

Felicity Nov 23 (In the East Jan 25)
?. A widow martyred with her sons either in Rome or else in North Africa under Decius. They were buried in Rome.

Gregory of Girgenti Nov 23
+ c 638. Born in Sicily, after a long time spent in Constantinople, he became Bishop of Girgenti, his native town. His commentary on Ecclesiastes still exists.

Guy of Casauria Nov 23
+ 1045. A monk at Farfa who became Abbot of Casauria near Chieti in Italy.

Lucretia Nov 23
+ 306. A virgin-martyr in Mérida in the west of Spain.

Paternian Nov 23
+ c 343. Towards the end of the persecution of Diocletian he escaped to the mountains and later became Bishop of Fano in Italy.

Paulinus (Polin, Pewlin, Paulhen) Nov 23
+ c 505 (?) An abbot in Wales and disciple of St Illtyd, he founded the monastery of Whitland where St David and St Teilo were among his disciples.

Rachildis Nov 23
+ c 946. An anchoress who lived near the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland.

Trudo (Trudon, Tron, Trond, Truyen, Trudjen) Nov 23
+ c 695. A monk with St Remaclus, he was ordained by St Clodulf of Metz and eventually founded a monastery (c 660), which was called St Trond after him. It is situated between Louvain and Tongres in Belgium.

Wilfetrudis Nov 23
+ c 670. Second Abbess of Nivelles in Belgium, founded by her aunt St Gertrude.

November 24

Bieuzy Nov 24
7th cent. Born in Britain, he followed St Gildas to Brittany and was martyred there.

Chrysogonus Nov 24
+ c 304. A martyr in Aquileia in Italy.

Colman of Cloyne Nov 24
522-c 600. Born in Cork in Ireland, he was a royal bard at the court of Cashel. He was baptised by St Brendan, became a monk, was ordained priest and preached in Limerick and Cork. Finally he founded the church of Cloyne and became its first bishop.

Crescentian Nov 24
+ 309. A martyr in Rome with Sts Cyriacus, Largus and Smaragdus. They died on the rack in their presence under Maxentius.

Eanfleda (Eanflaed) Nov 24
+ c 700. Daughter of the holy King Edwin of Northumbria and St Ethelburgh of Kent, she was baptised by St Paulinus. Widowed, she became a nun at Whitby under her own daughter.

Felicissimus Nov 24
+ c 303. A martyr who suffered in Perugia in Italy, probably under Diocletian.

Firmina Nov 24
+ c 303. A virgin-martyr in Amelia (Ameria) in Umbria under Diocletian.

Flora and Mary Nov 24
+ 851. Two virgin-martyrs in Cordoba in Spain who gave themselves up to the Moors and were beheaded by order of Abderrahman II.

Kenan (Cianan) Nov 24
+ c 500. The first bishop in Ireland to build his Cathedral, at Damleag or Duleek in Meath, of stone.

Leopardinus Nov 24
+ 7th cent. Monk and Abbot of St Symphorian of Vivaris in Berry in France. He was murdered and venerated as a martyr.

Marinus Nov 24
+ 731. Born in Italy, he became a monk at Maurienne in Savoy, now in France, and afterwards a hermit near the monastery of Chandor where he was martyred by the Saracens.

Portianus Nov 24
+ 533. A slave who became a monk and then Abbot of Miranda in Auvergne in France. He confronted the Merovingian King and obtained the freedom of Auvergnat prisoners.

Protasius Nov 24
+ 352. Bishop of Milan in Italy 331-352. He defended St Athanasius against Arianism, notably at the Council of Sardica in 343.

Romanus of Le Mans Nov 24
+ 385. A Gallo-Roman priest who converted the pagans living at the mouth of the Gironde. He reposed in Blaye in France. He was especially honoured by sailors.

November 25

Alanus Nov 25
7th cent. Abbot and founder of Lavaur in Gascony in France.

Bernold Nov 25
+ c 1050. A monk-priest of Ottobeuren in Bavaria in Germany, renowned as a wonderworker.

Clement Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.

Imma (Immina) Nov 25
c 700-752. Born in Würzburg, she became abbess of a convent in Karlburg in Germany.

Jucunda Nov 25
+ 466. A holy virgin in Reggio in Aemilia in Italy and a spiritual daughter of St Prosper, bishop of that city.

Moses Nov 25
+ 251. A priest in Rome, noted for his zeal in preaching the Gospel and his firm stand against Novatianism. He was martyred under Decius.

November 26

Amator Nov 26
3rd cent. Bishop of Autun in France.

Basolus (Basle) Nov 26
c 555-620 Born in Limoges in France, he became a monk at Verzy near Rheims, and then a hermit, living for forty years on a hill near the city. He was celebrated as a wonderworker.

Conrad of Constance Nov 26
+ 975. Bishop of Constance in Germany from 934 on. He went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land three times.

Martin of Arades Nov 26
+ 726. A monk at Corbie in France.

Siricius Nov 26
+ 399. Born in Rome, he was Pope from 384 to 399.

Vacz Nov 26
11th cent. A hermit in Visegrád in the mountains of Pilis in Hungary.

November 27

Acharius Nov 27
+ 640. A monk at Luxeuil in France under St Eustace. In 621 he was chosen Bishop of Noyon-Tournai in Belgium and encouraged the work of St Amandus of Maastricht.

Apollinaris Nov 27
+ 828. The fourteenth Abbot of Montecassino in Italy, abbot for eleven years.

Bilhild Nov 27
c 630-c 710. Born near Würzburg in Germany, she married the Duke of Thuringia. After her husband's death she founded the convent of Altenmünster in Mainz.

Facundus and Primitivus Nov 27
+ c 300. Born in Léon in Spain, he was beheaded near the River Cea where Sahagun now stands. Later the monastery of Sahagun, around which the present town grew up, was named after St Facundus.

Fergus Nov 27
+ c 721. Born in Ireland, he was a bishop who preached among the Picts in Perthshire, Caithness, Buchan and Forfarshire in Scotland.

Gallgo Nov 27
6th cent. Founder of Llanallgo in Anglesey in Wales.

John Angeloptes Nov 27
+ 433. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy 430-433. The Greek name Angeloptes means 'the man who saw an angel'. It was given to him because an angel, visible to him alone, came and helped him serve the divine liturgy.

Maximus of Riez Nov 27
+ 460. Abbot of Lérins in France in 426, he became Bishop of Riez much against his will in 434, and was consecrated by St Hilary. He was one of the most prominent bishops in the Church of Gaul at that time.

Seachnall (Sechnall) Nov 27
+ 457. A disciple of St Patrick. In 433 he became the first Bishop of Dunsauglin in Meath in Ireland and later served in Armagh. He wrote the earliest poem of the Irish Church - an alphabetical hymn in honour of St Patrick.

Severinus Nov 27
+ c 540. A hermit who lived near Paris in France.

Siffred (Siffrein, Syffroy, Suffredus) Nov 27
+ c 540. Born in Albano near Rome, he became a monk at Lérins and later Bishop of Carpentras in the south of France.

Valerian Nov 27
+ 389. Bishop of Aquileia in the north of Italy. He succeeded an Arian bishop and he spent his energy fighting that heresy.

Virgilius (Fergal) Nov 27
+ 784. Born in Ireland, he preached in Bavaria in Germany helping St Rupert, the Apostle of Austria. St Virgilius later became Abbot of St Peter's in Salzburg and Bishop (c 765). He is venerated as the Apostle of Carinthia.

November 28

Fionnchu Nov 28
6th cent. The successor of St Comgall at the monastery of Bangor in Ireland.

Hippolytus Nov 28
+ c 775. Bishop of Saint-Claude in France.

Papinianus and Mansuetus Nov 28
5th cent. Bishops in North Africa martyred under the Arian Vandal King Genseric.

Rufus and Companions Nov 28
+ 304. A citizen of Rome who was martyred with his entire household under Diocletian.

Valerian, Urban, Crescens, Eustace, Cresconius, Crescentian, Felix, Hortulanus and Florentian Nov 28
5th cent. Bishops from North Africa exiled by the Arian King Genseric. They reposed in exile and were afterwards honoured as confessors for Orthodoxy.

November 29

Blaise and Demetrius Nov 29
? Martyrs in Veroli in central Italy.

Brendan of Birr Nov 29
+ c 573. A contemporary of St Brendan the Voyager and a disciple of St Finian at Clonard. His monastery of Birr was in Offaly in Ireland. He was a friend and advisor of St Columba, who saw the soul of St Brendan carried by angels to heaven at the moment of his repose.

Egelwine (Ethelwine, Aylwine) Nov 29
7th cent. A prince of the house of Wessex who lived as a hermit at Athelney in Somerset in England.

Gulstan (Gustan, Constans) Nov 29
+ c 1010. A monk at St Gildas of Rhuys in Brittany.

Hardoin Nov 29
7th cent. Bishop of St Pol-de-Léon in Brittany.

Illuminata Nov 29
+ c 320. A virgin in Todi in Italy.

Radbod Nov 29
+ 918. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 900 to 918.

Sadwrn (Sadwen) Nov 29
6th cent. Brother of St Illtyd and disciple of St Cadfan. A number of churches in Wales are dedicated to him.

Saturninus (Sernin) Nov 29
+ c 257. A missionary who enlightened the area around Pampeluna (Pamplona) in Navarre in Spain and then the area and city of Toulouse in France. He is venerated as the first Bishop of Toulouse. By tradition he was martyred in the persecution of Valerian by being fastened to a wild bull which dragged him about until he was torn to pieces.

Saturninus and Sisinius Nov 29
+ ? 309. According to tradition Saturninus was a priest in Rome, though born in Carthage. He and his deacon Sisinius were sentenced to hard labour and subsequently martyred. They were buried in the cemetery of St Thraso on the Salarian Way.

Walderic Nov 29
+ c 817. Founder of the monastery of Murrhardt in Germany.

November 30

Castulus and Euprepis Nov 30
? Martyrs in Rome.

Constantius Nov 30
5th cent. A priest in Rome who opposed the Pelagians and at whose hands he suffered a great deal.

Trojan (Troyen) Nov 30
+ 533. A priest in Saintes in France where he later became bishop after St Vivien.

Tudwal (Tugdual) Nov 30
+ c 564. A monk from Wales who went to Brittany and became Bishop of Tréguier. Three places in the Lleyn Peninsular in Gwynedd recall him and his relics are still honoured in Tréguier.



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