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+ early 6th cent. Born in Brittany, he went to Wales and founded several monasteries. His name is mainly linked with Towyn in Gwynedd and Bardsey Island.
6th cent. A disciple of St Iltyd, he founded churches in Penegoes and Abererch in Wales.
Cadoc (Docus, Cathmael, Cadvaci)
+ c 580. Founder of the monastery of Llancarfan not far from Cardiff in Wales, he later lived as a hermit on an island off the coast of Vannes in Brittany. He returned to Britain and by tradition was martyred by heathen near Weedon in England.
+ 976. Born in Scotland, he lived in Armagh in Ireland. He went to France and lived as a monk at Fleury. He then became Abbot of Waulsort on the Meuse in Belgium and finally lived in Metz.
+ 664. A pious king who lived in Wales.
3rd cent. A priest in Carthage in North Africa who converted St Cyprian to Christ. St Cyprian never ceased to revere his name, adding it to his own, and on Caecilius's repose, he looked after his wife and children.
+ c 680. A Northumbrian, who worked at the monastery of Whitby in England as a farm-labourer. He was the first Englishman to write Orthodox hymns.
? 6th cent. A church in Roscommon in Ireland is dedicated to her.
Cacrealis and Sallustia
+ 251. Caerealis, a soldier, and his wife Sallustia were martyred in Rome under Decius.
? A holy virgin who took refuge in a cave near Otranto in the south of Italy to defend her virtue and lived there as an anchoress.
+ c 530. The gifted sister of St Caesarius of Arles and abbess of the convent founded there by her brother.
1st cent. A deacon in Angouleme in France under its first bishop St Ausonius.
Caesarius of Arles
470-543. Born in Châlon-sur-Saône in France, he became a monk at Lérins when young and then Bishop of Arles. He presided several Councils and founded a convent afterwards called after him at Arles, where his sister St Caesaria became abbess. He was zealous for decorum in liturgy and excelled as a preacher. His homilies still exist. During the distress caused by the siege of Arles in 508, he sold the treasures of his church to help the poor
Caesarius and Julian
? The former was a deacon from North Africa and the latter a priest. Both were martyred in Terracina in Italy. The church of St Caesarius in Rome is dedicated to St Caesarius.
+ c 627. Bishop of Clermont in France.
Caesidius and Companions
3rd cent. Martyrs on the shores of Lake Fucino in Italy.
+ c 635. Brother of St Faro and St Burgundofara. He became a monk at Luxeuil in France and later the sixth Bishop of Laon.
5th cent. A church at Tregaian in Anglesey in Wales is dedicated to him.
Caidoc and Fricor (Adrian)
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they preached Christ in the country of the Morini in the north of France. Their relics are still venerated in the parish church of Saint Riquier near Amiens.
7th cent. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns in Ireland.
Caimin (Cammin) of Inniskeltra
March 24 or 25
+ 653. An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.
6th cent. An abbot in Ireland who became Archbishop of Cashel.
Calepodius, Palmatius, Simplicius, Felix, Blanda and Companions
+ 222-232. Martyrs in Rome under Alexander Severus. Calepodius, a priest, was the first to suffer; St Palmatius, of consular rank, died with his wife and children and forty-two members of his household. St Simplicius, a senator, was martyred with sixty-five members of his family and dependents. Sts Felix and Blanda were husband and wife.
529-c 580. Born in Chartres in France he became bishop of that city after St Lubinus in c 557.
+ c 190. A Greek who became Bishop of Milan in Italy. He is the Apostle of the Po Valley. He was martyred under Commodus by being thrown into a well. He is buried under the altar of his church in Milan.
+ c 222. A Greek slave in Rome, he was ordained deacon by Pope Zephyrinus, whom he succeeded in 217. He condemned Sabellianism and other heresies, but was forgiving and tolerant to those whom rigorists regarded as sinners. As a deacon he had cared for the cemetery on the Appian Way, which is known by his name. He was probably martyred in Todi in Italy.
+ 1003. Born in Huesca in Spain, together with St Mercutialis he went to France and was killed by the Saracens.
Callistus, Felix and Boniface
? Martyrs in Rome.
+ c 690. A hermit who founded the monasteries of Villars and Mauzac near Riom in France.
+ c 130. A disciple of St Apollinaris, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Ravenna in Italy.
? An officer of the Emperor Hadrian martyred in Brescia in Italy.
Calocerus and Parthenius
+ 250. Two brothers, eunuchs in the palace of Tryphonia, wife of the Emperor Decius. They were martyred in Rome in the Decian persecution.
Calogerus the Anchorite
+ c 486. A Greek who lived for thirty-five years as a hermit near Girgenti in Sicily after preaching Christ in the isles of Lipari.
+ 575. A monk at Meallet in Auvergne in France, who lived as a hermit in a cave.
+ c 525. Successor of St Lupus as Bishop of Troyes in France from 478 to c 525.
+ c 437. Born in Civitavecchia, she became a disciple of St Germanus of Auxerre in France, where she lived as an anchoress.
Campania (Martyrs of)
6th cent. Martyrs in Italy under the Lombards, probably several hundred in number.
+ c 798. Mother of St Emerius, who founded the monastery of St Stephen of Bañoles in Spain. She reposed as an anchoress near the monastery.
? One of a group of martyrs who suffered on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome. Her relics were enshrined in the church of St Praxedes.
Candida the Elder
+ c 78. An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she converted St Aspren who became the first Bishop of Naples.
Candida the Younger
+ ? 586. A married woman in Naples who hallowed herself as a wife and as a mother.
+ c 300. A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus.
Candidus, Piperion and Companions
+ c 254-259. Twenty-two martyrs who suffered in North Africa either in Carthage or else in Alexandria, probably under Valerian and Gallienus.
? A martyr in Rome, buried on the Esquiline Hill.
5th cent. A bishop who enlightened the Maastricht area.
5th cent. Bishop of Marseilles in France after St Honoratus.
Cannera (Cainder, Kinnera)
+ c 530. A holy virgin who lived as an anchoress near Bantry in Ireland. She reposed after visiting St Senan and receiving communion. She was buried on St Senan's island off Enniscorthy.
+ c 492. Martyred by barbarians in Merthyr-Cynog. Several churches in Wales were dedicated to him.
Cantius, Cantian, Cantianilla and Protus
+ c 304 Two brothers and their sister, martyred in Aquileia in Italy where they had gone with their tutor, Protus.
+ c 430. Born in France, he went to live as a hermit to the island of Lérins. He was followed by Sts Honoratus and Venantius. Together they went to the East to learn from the monasteries there. Venantius reposed in Greece; the other two returned to Lérins, where St Honoratus founded the monastery of Lérins. Later he became Bishop of Arles and was succeeded by Caprasius as abbot.
+ 303. Born in Agen in the south of France, he hid during the persecution of Diocletian, but hearing of the courage of St Faith, confessed his faith openly and was at once beheaded.
Carantac (Carantog, Caimach, Carnath)
5th cent. Born in Wales, he worked with St Patrick in the enlightenment of Ireland.
6th cent. An abbot who founded the church of Llangranog in Wales. He is linked with Crantock in Cornwall and Carhampton in Somerset in England and was also venerated in Brittany.
7th cent. A saint of the east of Scotland.
Caraunus (Ceraunus, Cheron)
5th cent. Of Roman descent, he preached the Gospel in France and was killed by robbers near Chartres. A church and monastery were built over his tomb.
Carilefus (Carilephus, Carileff, Calais)
+ c 536. A companion of St Avitus. He founded the monastery of Anisole in Maine in France.
5th cent. Born in Albi in France, she lived as an anchoress in a forest near the city and then at the convent of Viants (Vious).
707-755. The eldest son of Charles Martel, he became King of Austrasia after his father died. He encouraged the foundation of monasteries at Fulda in Germany and Lobbes and Stavelot in Belgium. He also helped St Boniface in the task of enlightenment. On St Boniface's advice, he left his kingdom to his brother and became a monk on Mt Soracte and then at Montecassino in Italy. Here he was employed in the kitchen and as a shepherd. He reposed at a monastery in Vienne in France.
? The church at Tregaron in Dyfed in Wales is dedicated to him.
Carpophorus, Exanthus, Cassius, Severinus, Secundus and Licinius
+ c 295. Soldiers martyred in Como in the north of Italy under Maximian Herculius.
Carpophorus and Abundius
+ 290-300. A priest and his deacon who suffered under Diocletian, either in Rome or else in Spoleto in Italy, or possibly in Seville in Spain.
Carthage the Elder
+ c 540. The successor of St Kieran as Bishop of Ossory in Ireland.
Carthage (Carthach Mochuda) the Younger
+ c 637. Born in Kerry in Ireland, he founded a monastery in Rathin in Westmeath, where he was abbot. Shortly before his repose, he and his monks were expelled. He led his monks to the banks of the Blackwater and founded the monastery of Lismore.
+ c 1050. Born in Toledo, she was of Moorish parentage. She became Orthodox and led the life of an anchoress near Briviesca near Burgos. She was greatly venerated throughout Spain.
Cassian of Autun
+ c 350. Bishop of Autun in France, 314-350, he succeeded St Reticius and was famous for his miracles.
Cassian of Benevento
+ c 340. Bishop of Benevento in the south of Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of St Mary there.
Cassian of Imola
250 ? A martyr who refused to worship idols and suffered a slow death in Imola in Italy.
Cassian of Todi
4th cent. Converted by St Pontian, Bishop of Todi in central Italy, he was his successor. He was martyred under Maximian Herculeus.
+ 298. A court recorder, Cassian was taking down the Acts of the proceedings at the trial of St Marcellus at Tangier in North Africa. Indignant at the injustice done to the martyr, he threw down his pen and declared himself to be Orthodox. He was arrested and a few weeks later he too suffered martyrdom.
Cassius, Victorinus, Maximus and Companions
+ c 264. A group of martyrs in Clermont in Auvergne in France, he suffered at the hands of Chrocas, the leader of invading Teutonic barbarians.
Cassius of Narni
+ 558. Bishop of Narni in Italy.
Cassius, Florentius and Companions
+ 303. Martyrs under the Emperor Maximian Herculeus in Bonn in Germany.
+ c 420. Born in Nîmes in France, he married and settled in Marseilles. After a short time they separated by mutual consent and both entered monasteries. Castor founded the monastery of Manauque, and shortly afterwards became Bishop of Apt.
Castor, Victor and Rogatian
? Martyrs in North Africa.
+ 137. The predecessor of St Calimerius as Bishop of Milan. He was bishop for forty-two years.
+ 288. An officer of the palace in Rome of the Emperor Diocletian. He was tortured and buried alive for helping other Orthodox. A cemetery was named after his burial place on the Via Labicana.
Castulus and Euprepis
? Martyrs in Rome.
Castus and Emilius
+ c 250. Two martyrs who suffered in North Africa under Decius. At first they gave way under torture, but then repented. On being arrested a second time they were burnt to death.
Castus and Secundinus
c 305. Two saints much venerated in the south of Italy. They were born in Sinuessa (Mondragone) near Caserta.
7th cent. Born in Munster in Ireland, he became a monk at Lismore. On his return from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was chosen as bishop by the people of Taranto in the south of Italy. The Cathedral of Taranto is dedicated to him.
9th cent. Bishop of Castellamare to the south of Naples in Italy. He is venerated as the main patron-saint of the town.
Cathan (Catan, Chattan, Cadan)
6th or 7th cent. A bishop in the Isle of Bute in Scotland, often called Kil-Cathan after him. His tomb is at Tamlacht in Ireland but others maintain that his relics are on Bute
Catholdus, Anno and Diethardus
+ late 8th cent. Three monks who preached the Gospel around Eichstätt in Germany.
Catulinus (Cartholinus), Januarius, Florentius, Julia and Justa
? Martyrs in Carthage in North Africa.
6th cent. A noble in Wales, he ended his life as a monk with St Illtyd.
+ 689. A King of Wessex in England, he was a cruel and cunning pagan. He was converted and went to Rome, where he was baptised by Pope Sergius and died in the white robe of baptism.
6th cent. A disciple of St Kieran of Clonmacnoise, he became Bishop of Killala in Ireland. He ended his life as a hermit and may have been martyred.
+ 870. Abbot of Bellach-Duin, now Castle Kerrant, in Ireland. He was called the devout.
2nd-3rd cent. One of the most famous virgin-martyrs of Rome. Having suffered for Christ, she was buried in the cemetery of St Callistus. Her relics are beneath the altar of the basilica of St Cecilia in Trastevere. She is the patron-saint of musicians.
+ 664. Brother of St Chad of Lichfield, he was a monk at Lindisfarne who enlightened the Midlands of England and later became Bishop of the East Saxons. He founded monasteries in Tilbury and Lastingham.
6th cent. One of five brothers, all saints in Wales. A church in Pumpsant was dedicated to them. The church in Llangeith in Dyfed was founded by St Ceitho.
+ c 728. St Cele-Christ, otherwise 'Worshipper of Christ', he lived as a hermit for many years, but was eventually forced to become a bishop in Leinster.
+ c 250. Born in North Africa, he earned the title of martyr on account of the sufferings he endured under Decius during a visit to Rome. Freed, he returned to Carthage, where he was ordained deacon and later a church was dedicated to him.
April 6 (In the East April 8)
+ 432. Born in the Campagna in Italy, he succeeded Boniface I as Pope of Rome in 422. He supported St Germanus of Auxerre against Pelagianism and condemned Nestorianism.
Cellach (Ceilach, Keilach)
9th cent. Archbishop of Armagh in Ireland, previously he had been Abbot of Iona in Scotland and founded the monastery of Kells.
Celsus and Clement
? Martyrs in Rome.
+ 486. The successor of St Germanus as Bishop of Auxerre in France. He was bishop from 448 on.
Centolla and Helen
+ ? c 304. Two virgin-martyrs near Burgos in Spain.
642-716. A Northumbrian who became a monk at Gilling in Yorkshire in England. From here he went to Ripon and later to Wearmouth. Eventually he became Abbot of Wearmouth-Jarrow for twenty-six years. He is remembered for inspiring St Bede and also producing the Codex Amiatinus, the oldest surviving copy of the Vulgate in one complete volume. He reposed at Langres in France on his way to Rome.
? 7th cent. Born in Ireland, he became Bishop of the Mercians or Mid-Angles, before going to Iona and then returning to Ireland.
+ 764. King of Northumbria in England, he encouraged monastic life. St Bede dedicated his Ecclesiastical History to him. He ended his days as a monk at Lindisfarne.
Cera (Ciar, Cyra, Cior, Ceara)
7th cent. Born in Tipperary in Ireland, she was abbess of two convents, one at Kilkeary and the other at Tech Telle, now Tehelly.
+ c 455. Bishop of Grenoble in France.
+ c 614. Bishop of Paris in France.
+ c 580. One of the bishops in North Africa driven from their sees by the Arian Vandals. He settled at Piombino in Tuscany in Italy and was a bishop there.
+ ? c 400. Bishop of Verona in Italy.
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland and consecrated bishop by him.
6th cent. A saint of Anglesey in Wales and at Lancaut in Gloucestershire in England.
+ 673. Brother of St Cedd, he was a monk at Lindisfarne with St Aidan and in Ireland. On returning to England, he became Abbot of Lastingham. He became Bishop of York, but then out of humility agreed to go to Mercia as bishop. He lived in Lichfield and reposed there. His relics are preserved in the Cathedral dedicated to him in Birmingham.
Chainoaldus (Chagnoald, Cagnou)
+ 633. Brother of St Faro and St Fara. A disciple of St Columbanus, with whom he went to Bobbio in Italy and helped found the monastery. He later became Bishop of Laon in France.
+ 657. Archbishop of Lyons, murdered by the tyrant Ebroin.
7th cent. Born in Ireland and a relative of St Fiacre, he was a missionary in Artois in the north of France. His relics were enshrined in Aubigny near Arras.
+ c 873. Thirty-seventh Bishop of Auxerre in France.
7th cent. By tradition she was born in England, but lived a holy life in Flanders. She is the patron saint of Termonde in Belgium.
? Probably born in Rome, she was a virgin martyred near Lake Bolsena in Tuscany.
+ 766. Bishop of Metz in the east of France, he took part in several Councils. He introduced the Roman liturgy and singing into his diocese and the north of Europe in general.
3rd cent. The prefect of Rome and father of St Tiburtius the martyr.
+ c 406. Bishop of Aquileia near Venice in Italy from 387 to 406. A holy and learned man, he was a friend of St John Chrysostom. We still have part of his commentary on St Matthew.
+ c 304. A martyr in Aquileia in Italy.
4th cent. An Armenian who enlightened the north-east of France, where he became bishop and was martyred. Having left Armenia during the persecution of Diocletian, he won martyrdom in Flanders. His relics were venerated in Bruges in Belgium.
Chuniald and Gislar
7th cent. Born in Ireland, they enlightened the south of Germany and Austria with St Rupert of Salzburg.
6th cent. A hermit in Wales.
+ c 458. The mother of St Principius, Bishop of Soissons and St Remigius, Bishop of Rheims. She reposed in Laon in France.
+ c 752. Born in Ireland, he went to Iona in Scotland and became abbot there in 726.
5th cent. A princess of Ulster in Ireland who was converted by St Patrick and became a nun.
Early 8th cent. A disciple of St Guthlac at Crowland in England..
+ c 620. The successor of St Etherius as Bishop of Vienne in France.
+ c 660. A monk at the monastery of St Ferreol, he was chosen abbot of the monastery of St Marcellus in Vienne in France.
+ c 1048. An ascetic and hermit in Seligenstadt near Mainz in Germany.
? A bishop who preached the Gospel in Aquitaine in France, where he was martyred.
3rd century? Bishop of Nantes in France.
+ c 875. Born in Rochester in England, he went to France, where he lived as a hermit near Rouen. He was murdered in the village of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte where he lived and which is named after him. His relics are venerated there to this day.
+ 379. Born in Tours in France, he became a monk at the monastery of Marmoutier with St Martin. He was ordained priest and then lived as a hermit near the monastery.
+ c 64. One of the earliest bishops of Brescia in Italy, martyred under Nero.
Claudius (Claude) of Besançon
+ c 699. Born in Franche-Comté, in France, he became a priest and monk and then Abbot of Condat in the Jura mountains. In 685 he became Bishop of Besançon. After his repose his monastery became known as Saint-Claude.
Claudius, Justus, Jucundinus and Companions
+ 273. A group of eight martyrs who suffered with St Julia in Troyes in France under Aurelian. Their relics were enshrined in the convent of Jouarre near Meaux.
Claudius, Lupercus and Victorius
+ c 300. Three brothers, sons of the centurion, St Marcellus. They were martyred in Léon in Spain under Diocletian.
Claudius, Crispin, Magina, John and Stephen
? Martyrs in North Africa.
5th cent. Patron saint of Llangedwyn in Clwyd in Wales.
c 800. Abbot of Santa Lucia in Syracuse in Sicily.
+ c 298 A martyr in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian. He belongs to the group led by St Zoilus.
Nov 23 (In the East Jan 4, Apr 22, Sept 10 and Nov 25)
+ c 101. One of the Seventy Apostles, he was the third Pope of Rome. Consecrated by the Apostle Peter, he is mentioned in Philippians 4,3 and wrote a letter to the Church of Corinth which still exists. He is venerated as a martyr and he is remembered in Rome by the church of San Clemente, which may have been built on the site of his home.
? First Bishop of Metz in the east of France.
Clether (Cleer, Clydog, Scledog, Clitanus or Cleodius)
+ c 520. He left Wales and went to Cornwall. He is recalled by several church dedications, for instance St Clear near Liskeard.
Clether (Cledog, Clodock)
6th cent. Born in Wales, he was a hermit in Herefordshire, now in England. The village of Clodock is named after him.
+ c 438. Bishop of Milan in Italy.
? A Greek monk at Montecassino in Italy. He became Abbot of St Peter's near Pontecorvo, where his relics were venerated.
+ c 560. Grandson of King Clovis and St Clotilde, he became a priest and hermit. He founded the monastery of Nogent-sur-Seine, now called Saint-Cloud after him.
605-696. Son of St Arnulf, Bishop of Metz. He too became Bishop of Metz, succeeding his father in 656 and was bishop for forty years.
c 474-545. Born in Lyons in France and daughter of the King of Burgundy, she married Clovis, King of the Franks, and led her husband to Orthodox Christianity. She suffered much because of the quarrels of her three sons.
c 635-714. Daughter of St Adalbald and St Rictrudis, who founded the convent of Marchiennes in the north of France. Clotsindis succeeded her mother as second abbess.
Cocca (Cucca, Cuach)
? Patron-saint of Kilcock on the borders of Cos. Meath and Kildare in Ireland.
6th cent. Abbess of Ross-Benchuir in Ireland.
? 8th cent. A monk at Kildare in Ireland who probably wrote the Life of St Brigid.
+ c 796. Called 'the Wise' and 'the Chief Scribe of the Irish'. He was Abbot of Clonmacnoise in Offaly in Ireland.
Colman of Lismore
+ c 702. Abbot of Lismore in Ireland and also a bishop.
Colman of Lindisfame
+ 676. Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona in Scotland. He was then chosen as third Abbot of Lindisfarne in England. He later returned to Ireland, founding a monastery on Innisboffin Island for Irish monks and a monastery for English monks (Mayo of the Saxons).
Colman of Armagh
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick in Ireland
Colman Mc O'Laoighse
6th cent. Also called Columbanus, he was a disciple of St Columba and St Fintan of Clonenagh. He founded and was abbot of a monastery in Oughaval in Ireland. He is still venerated at the nearby Orthodox church at Stradbally which is dedicated to him.
Colman of Dromore
6th cent. Probably born in Ireland, he became Bishop of Dromore in Co. Down. By tradition he was the teacher of St Finnian of Clonard.
6th cent. A deacon who was a disciple of St Columba. He also founded a monastery at Reachrain, now Lambay Island, near Dublin in Ireland.
+ c 610. A nephew of St Columba, he founded monasteries in Lynally (Land-Elo, Lin-Alli) and in Muckamore in Ireland. He is credited as the author of the Alphabet of Devotion.
Colman of Stockerau
+ 1012. Born in Ireland, he was going through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, when he was arrested as a spy, tortured and hanged with evildoers in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked by his relics and he was venerated as a saint. He is honoured as one of the patron-saints of Austria.
Colman of Kilroot
6th cent. A disciple of St Ailbe of Emly and Bishop of Kilroot near Carrickfergus in Ireland.
Colman of Senboth-Fola
+ c 632. A disciple of St Aidan of Ferns, he was Abbot of Senboth-Fola near Ferns in Ireland.
Colman of Kilmacduagh
+ c 632. A hermit in Arranmore and Burren in Co. Clare in Ireland. He then founded the monastery of Kilmacduagh, i.e. the church of the son of Duac, where he was abbot.
Colman of Cloyne
522-c 600. Born in Cork in Ireland, he was a royal bard at the court of Cashel. He was baptised by St Brendan, became a monk, was ordained priest and preached in Limerick and Cork. Finally he founded the church of Cloyne and became its first bishop.
Colman of Glendalough
+ 659. Abbot of Glendalough in Ireland.
Columba (Colum, Coim, Columbkill, Columcille, Columbus, Combs)
c 521-597. Born in Garton in Co. Donegal, he became a monk at Glasnevin and was ordained priest. The rest of his life was spent founding monasteries and churches, in Ireland and Scotland. On Whitsun Eve 563 he landed with twelve companions on the island of Iona (Holy Island), where he established the most famous of his monasteries, which became vital in the conversion of the Picts, the Scots and the Northern English. His biographer and successor, Adamnan, wrote that: 'He had the face of an angel, was of an excellent nature, polished in speech, holy in deed, great in counsel … loving to all'. His relics were transferred to Dunkeld in 849 and his 'Cathach', a copy of the Psalms in his own hand, still exists.
+ 548. Born in Leinster in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Finian and Abbot of Tyrdaglas in Munster.
+ 853. Born in Cordoba and a nun at Tábanos, she was driven from there by the Moorish persecution of 852. She took refuge in Cordoba in Spain, where, being called on to deny Christ, she openly rejected Mohammed and was beheaded.
? A virgin-martyr in Cornwall, where she is the patron-saint of two parishes.
Columba of Sens
+ 273. Born in Spain, she left her country to avoid being denounced as a Christian. She went to France with other Spanish Christians, but all of them were martyred near Meaux under Aurelian. Her shrine was in Sens.
+ 959. Born in Ireland, he lived as a hermit near the church of Saint-Bavo in Ghent in Belgium.
Columbanus the Younger
+ c 616. A disciple of St Columbanus and a monk at Luxeuil in France.
c 543-615. Born in Leinster, he became a monk and ascetic at Bangor. In 580 he left Ireland with a group of monks and worked first in England, then in Brittany and finally in France where he founded a very strict monastery at Luxeuil. Here he was abbot for twenty-five years. His outspoken protest against the disorders of the Frankish court led to his exile. He ended his days in the north of Italy at Bobbio where he had also founded a monastery.
+ c 680. Successor of St Deicola as Abbot of Lure in France
c 516-601. Born in Ulster in Ireland, he became a monk with St Fintan and founded the monastery of Bangor (Ben-Chor), where he was the spiritual father of St Columbanus and many other monks who later enlightened Central Europe. It seems that he lived for some time in Wales, Cornwall and Scotland.
+ c 565. Abbot of Glenthsen or Killeshin in Ireland.
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Kentigern. He became a monk in Scotland and was buried on Iona.
? A martyr in Catania in Sicily.
2nd century. A companion of St Photinus (Pothinus) and martyr in Lyons in France.
Conall (Coel, Conald)
7th cent. Abbot of Inniscoel in Donegal in Ireland, where there is a holy well dedicated to him.
+ ? c 648. Born in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona and a bishop in the Isle of Man.
? A martyr venerated from early times in Carthage in North Africa.
+ 175. A subdeacon martyred in Spoleto in central Italy under Marcus Aurelius.
Condedus (Condé, Condède)
+ c 690. Born in England, he became a hermit at Fontaine-de-Saint-Valéry in the north of France. On hearing of the monastery of Fontenelle, he became a monk there and later preached Christ while living on an island in the Seine near Caudebec.
+ c 519. A hermit in Old Connell on the River Liffey in Ireland. St Brigid came to know him and he became the spiritual father of her nuns at Kildare, of which he became the first bishop. He was a metalworker and very skilled as a copyist and illuminator.
+ c 590. Abbess of Kildare in Ireland.
+ 460. The successor of St Corentin as Bishop of Quimper in Brittany.
+ 1236. A monk and abbot of the Greek monastery of Nesi in Sicily.
Conrad of Constance
+ 975. Bishop of Constance in Germany from 934 on. He went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land three times.
? A holy bishop of the Orkney Islands.
+ ? 570. She founded a convent in France endowed by King Clotaire after she miraculously healed his dying daughter. She was venerated at Cluny.
+ 777. A priest-hermit at Lough Erne in Ireland who died in circumstances which led to his veneration as a martyr.
+ 570. Born in Auvergne in France, he became a monk at Micy (Orleans) and founded a monastery at Javron.
? A confessor in Carthage in North Africa.
+ 576. A noble of Cornwall, who after a life of vice, came to repentance in Wales and Ireland. From here he went as a missionary to Scotland, where he was put to death by thieves. Two places in Cornwall are named after him.
+ 877. Constantine I, King of Scotland, was slain in a battle against heathen invaders of his country and was honoured as a martyr. He was buried on Iona.
+ 529. The first Bishop of Gap in France.
+ c 706. A monk with St Philibert at Jumièges in France and then Bishop of Beauvais.
+ c 560. A disciple and the first successor of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy.
Constantius and Companions
+ 170. Constantius, first Bishop of Perugia in Italy, was martyred with numerous members of his flock under Marcus Aurelius.
+ c 520. Bishop of Aquino in Italy.
6th cent. Sacristan of the ancient church of St Stephen in Ancona in Italy.
5th cent. A priest in Rome who opposed the Pelagians and at whose hands he suffered a great deal.
+ c 510. Bishop of Bayeux in France from 480 on.
+ 868. Born in Brittany, he became a monk and founded the monastery of St Saviour near Redon. He was driven out of his monastery by the Vikings and reposed in exile.
+ c 630. Born in Ireland, he was a disciple of St Kentigern and preached in Scotland.
8th cent. Born in Ireland, he lived as a hermit in Holland and helped simple people.
670-730. He lived for fourteen years as a hermit and then went to Rome. He was consecrated bishop and went to preach Christ in Germany. He lived in Freising in Bavaria.
6th cent. A disciple of St Columba and Abbot of Durrow in Ireland.
c 117-138. A prefect of Messina in Sicily, converted to Christ by St Eleutherius and martyred under the Emperor Hadrian.
+ c 490. The first Bishop of Quimper in Brittany. He had lived as a hermit at Plomodiern.
+ 908. Probably the first Bishop of Cashel in Ireland. The 'Psalter of Cashel' compiled by him still exists.
6th cent. An abbot in Ireland and friend of St Columba.
+ 253. Pope of Rome, he was much tried by the heresy of Novatianism and his persecutors exiled him to Civita Vecchia where his sufferings probably hastened his death. St Cyprian refers to him as a martyr. His tomb in Lucina in the cemetery of Callistus still exists.
Craton and Companions
+ c 273. Converted to Christ by St Valentine, Bishop of Terni. He was martyred in Rome together with his wife and family.
+ c 780. Eighth Abbot of Evesham in England.
Crescens, Dioscorides, Paul and Helladius
+ c 244. Orthodox Christians burnt to death in Rome.
+ c 130. A martyr in Sassari in Sardinia, at the same time as Sts Gabinus and Crispulus under the Emperor Hadrian.
+ c 287. A soldier beheaded in Saldo near Città di Castello in Italy.
Crescentian, Victor, Rosula and Generalis
+ c 258. Martyrs in North Africa who suffered at the same time and place as St Cyprian.
+ 309. A martyr in Rome with Sts Cyriacus, Largus and Smaragdus. They died on the rack in their presence under Maxentius.
5th cent. An early martyr in Rome.
+ c 396. A subdeacon in Florence in Italy and a disciple of St Zenobius and St Ambrose.
+ c 300. The son of St Euthymius, he was aged only eleven when he was brought from Perugia to Rome, bravely confessed Christ under torture and was beheaded under Diocletian,
5th cent. Born in Ireland, he went to Cornwall where the place name Crowan recalls him.
5th century. Bishop of Pavia in Italy, he signed the acts of the Council of Milan.
Crispin and Crispinian
+ c 285. Two brothers, shoemakers by trade, who were beheaded in Soissons in France under Diocletian. They are the patron-saints of shoemakers.
4th cent. Bishop of Ecija in Andalusia in Spain, he was beheaded under Maximian Herculeus.
+ 304. A wealthy matron in Thebeste in Numidia in North Africa. She was horribly tortured and ultimately beheaded.
Crispulus and Restitutus
1st cent. Martyrs under Nero, either in Rome or else in Spain.
7th cent. Brother of St Sulian and founder of churches, including one in Anglesey in Wales.
Croidan, Medan and Degan
6th cent. Three disciples of St Petroc in Cornwall.
7th cent. A Bishop of Aendrum in Co. Down in Ireland.
Cronan the Wise
? 8th cent. Called 'the Wise' on account of his knowledge of the canons.
Cronan of Roscrea
+ c 626. Born in Munster, he founded several monasteries in various parts of Ireland, especially Roscrea.
+ 617. A disciple of St Kevin in Ireland.
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick at Leccuine (Lackan) in Westmeath in Ireland.
Cuan (Mochua, Moncan)
6th cent. The founder of many churches and monasteries in Ireland, he lived to nearly 100.
Cuaran (Curvinus, Cronan)
+ c 700. A bishop in Ireland, called 'the Wise', who hid his identity in order to become a monk at Iona, where he was recognised by St Columba.
Cucuphas (Cucufate, Cugat, Guinefort, Qoqofas)
+ 304. Born in North Africa, he went to Spain and was martyred near Barcelona where the monastery of St Cugat del Valles was later founded. He is one of the most famous Spanish martyrs.
Cumgar (Congar, Cyngar)
6th cent? Born in Devon, now in England, he founded monasteries in Budgworth, Congresbury in Somerset and in Llangennith in Wales. He was buried in Congresbury which was named after him.
Cumine the White
Feb 24 or Oct 6
+ 669. Born in Ireland, he became Abbot of Iona and wrote a life of St Columba.
Cummian (Cumian, Cummin)
1st half 8th cent. Born in Ireland, he became a bishop. He visited Bobbio in Italy and lived there as a monk.
+ 662. A monk at Clonfert, he founded the monastery of Kilcummin.
+ 1039. Wife of Henry II, she founded the convent of Kaufungen, which she entered on the first anniversary of her husband's death, showing great humility.
+ c 1052. A nun at the convent of Niedermunster in Ratisbon in Germany.
+ c 680. Successor of St Humbert as Abbot of Maroilles near Cambrai in France.
+ c 663. Archbishop of Cologne in Germany. He was an untiring builder of churches and monasteries.
3rd cent. A deacon in Rome sent to help St Peregrinus, first Bishop of Auxerre in France.
6th cent. Bishop of Llanbadarn in Wales, where several churches are dedicated to him.
+ 687. He was a shepherd boy until he became a monk at Melrose in Scotland. After the Council of Whitby, he went to Lindisfarne where he became Abbot. In March 685, he was consecrated Bishop of Lindisfarne. After his repose his relics were found to be incorrupt and eventually they were taken to Durham. One of the most famous English saints, he is the called the Wonderworker of England. His relics are revered in Durham to this day.
+ 761. A monk at Lyminge in Kent in England, he became Bishop of Hereford in c 736 and the twelfth Archbishop of Canterbury in c 740.
Cuthburgh (Cuthburga) and Cwenburgh
+ c 725. Sister of King Ina of Wessex, she became a nun at Barking with St Hildelith. Together with her sister St Cwenburgh, she founded a monastery in Wimborne in Dorset, where she was abbess and was succeeded by her sister. Many nuns from Wimborne helped to enlighten Germany.
9th cent. A confessor who lived a holy life as a shepherd near Steyning in Sussex in England. The church there was dedicated to him.
6th cent. An abbot who, with St Seiroil, is one of the most famous saints of Anglesey. He founded a monastery there, called Caer Gybi (the fortress of Cybi). He is the patron saint of Llangibby and Llangybi in Wales and Tregony, Landulph and Cuby in Cornwall.
Cyneburgh, Cyneswith and Tibba
+ c 680. Cyneburgh and Cyneswith were daughters of Penda of Mercia in England, who was notorious for his opposition to Orthodoxy. The former founded a convent in Castor in Northamptonshire and was followed as abbess by her sister. Tibba was a relative who joined them at the convent. Their relics were enshrined together.
5th cent. The founder of a church in Gwynedd in Wales where there is also a holy well.
7th cent. A brother of Sts Chad and Cedd who helped enlighten England
5th cent. Several churches are dedicated to him in Wales.
6th cent. The brother of St Deiniol, first Bishop of Bangor. He lived an ascetic life in the north of Wales and several churches were dedicated to him.
+ 582. Bishop of Brescia in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the church of San Pietro in Oliveto in Brescia.
Sept 16 (In the East Aug 31)
c 200-258. Thascius Cecilianus Cyprianus was born in North Africa. He became a lawyer, was converted to Orthodoxy and consecrated Bishop of Carthage in 248. He wrote numerous treatises on theological subjects, one of the most important being De Unitate Catholicae Ecclesiae, and wrote numerous letters. He is one of the greatest Fathers of the Church and he was a model of compassion, discretion and pastoral zeal. Cyprian went into hiding during the persecution of Decius but was arrested and beheaded under Valerian.
6th cent. A monk at St Victor at Marseilles and Bishop of Toulon in France.
+ 586. A monk at Périgueux in France, who ended his life as a hermit on the banks of the Dordogne. St Gregory of Tours wrote the Life of St Cyprian.
+ 249. A wealthy widow in Rome, she sheltered persecuted Orthodox Christians. The Roman Church of St Mary in Dominica recalls her.
? A Bishop of Ancona in Italy who was martyred under Julian the Apostate in the Holy Land.
Cyriacus and Paula
+ 305. Two Christians, stoned to death in Málaga in Spain under Diocletian.
Cyriacus and Apollinaris
? Martyrs in North Africa.
Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus and Companions
+ 304. A group of twenty-four martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian. At their head was St Cyriacus, a deacon. They were buried near the seventh milestone on the Ostian Way.
Cyril, Rogatus, Felix, another Rogatus, Beata, Herenia, Felicitas, Urban, Silvanus and Mamillus
? Martyrs in North Africa. St Cyril is described as a bishop.
5th cent. Bishop of Trier in Germany, his relics were enshrined in the church of St Matthias in Trier.
+ c 268. The daughter of St Tryphonia. They were both famed for their almsgiving and generosity. She was martyred under the Emperor Claudius II.
3rd cent. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.