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+ c 946. An anchoress who lived near the monastery of St Gall in Switzerland.
+ c 660. Bishop of Autun in France.
+ 918. Bishop of Utrecht in Holland from 900 to 918.
518-587. Daughter of a pagan, she was married by force to the Frankish King Clotaire I. However, she became a nun and founded the convent of the Holy Cross at Poitiers in France where she spent the last thirty years of her life.
+ 866. He became a monk at the monastery of Solignac in France and later Abbot of St Medard in Soissons. In 840 he became Bishop of Bourges, founding monasteries and doing good works.
Rambert (Ragnebert, Ragnobert)
+ c 680. A courtier in Austrasia in the east of France, he was murdered by the tyrant Ebroin in the Jura mountains. He has always been honoured as a martyr.
+ 1001. A monk at St Maximinus in Trier in Germany, he Abbot of St Emmeram in Regensburg. He reposed at the age of one hundred.
Ramirus and Companions
+ c 554 (or 630). A monk at the monastery of St Claudio in Leon in Spain. Two days after the abbot, St Vincent, was martyred, Ramirus and all the other monks were martyred by the Arian Visigoths while they sang the Creed..
+ 700. A martyr in Thélus near Arras in France. He was the father of St Hadulph, Bishop of Arras-Cambrai.
+ 953. A noble from Bavaria in Germany, he fought bravely against the invading Hungarians. Later he went on pilgrimage to Palestine and Rome and on his return founded the monastery of Worth in Bavaria (now called Grafrath after him) and became a monk there.
? A martyr venerated in Rome from early times.
Rasyphus and Ravennus
5th cent. Born in Britain, they took refuge in the north of France. They became hermits there and were martyred in Macé. Their relics are enshrined in Bayeux.
+ 815. A noble who became a priest and founded the monastery of Diessen in Germany
+ 682. Bishop of Séez in France .
+ c 967. A monk at Beaulieu near Limoges in France.
+ 586. Bishop of Ferentini in Italy.
Regimbald (Reginbald, Regimbaut)
+ 1039. A monk at the monastery of Sts Ulric and Afra in Augsburg in Germany. In 1015 he moved to the monastery of Edersberg. In 1022 he became Abbot of Lorsch and later founded the monastery of Heiligenberg and in 1032 he became Bishop of Speyer.
+ c ?286. A virgin-martyr venerated in Autun in France.
+ c 750 Fourth Abbess of Nonnberg near Salzburg in Austria.
+ c 260. By tradition a Greek, he is honoured as the first Bishop of Senlis in France. A tradition connects him with Arles where many Greeks lived.
+ c 545. Born in North Africa, he was exiled by the Arian Vandals. He landed in Tuscany in Italy and was martyred under Totila.
+ 698. A monk at Rebais in France with St Philibert. He succeeded St Nivard (c 670) as Archbishop of Rheims and founded the monastery of Orbais in 680.
? 4th cent. By tradition an abbot who brought relics of St Andrew from Greece to Scotland, leading to St Andrew's adoption as the patron-saint of Scotland..
Reineldis (Raineldis, Reinaldes) and Companions
+ c 680. Daughter of St Amelberg and sister of St Gudula. She was a nun at Saintes in Belgium where she was martyred together with two companions by the Huns.
Reinold (Rainald, Reynold)
+ 960. A monk at the monastery of St Pantaleon in Cologne in Germany. He was killed by stonemasons who threw his body into a pool near the Rhine. It was later found by divine revelation.
Relindis (Renildis, Renula, Renule)
+ c 750. A nun together with her sister Herlindis in Valenciennes, she was gifted in embroidery and painting. On her sister's repose, she became Abbess of Maaseik in Belgium.
+ c 663. A noble born in Aquitaine in France, he became a monk and the first Abbot of Solignac near Limoges and then of Cougnon in Luxembourg. About the year 648 he founded the monasteries of Stavelot and Malmédy in Belgium and in 652 he became Bishop of Maastricht in Holland.
+ 888. Born in Flanders, he became a monk at Turholt in Belgium He worked in Denmark with St Anschar and succeeded him as Bishop of Hamburg-Bremen (865).
? Bishop of Gap in France.
+ c 772. Bishop of Rouen in France from 755 on.
+ 783. A noble, he became Abbot of Münster near Colmar in France and in 776 Bishop of Strasbourg.
+ c 533 (Jan 13). Called 'the Apostle of the Franks'. A Gallo-Roman by birth, in 459 he was chosen to be Bishop of Rheims in France when he was still a layman. During the seventy-four years he was bishop he was the most influential prelate in Gaul, the culminating event of his life being the baptism of Clovis, King of the Franks, in 496.
+ 875. Archbishop of Lyons in France.
+ c 422. Bishop of Angers in France and by tradition of Sorrento in the south of Italy.
+ c 633. A convert from Arianism, he became monk and then Abbot of Cauliana in Lusitania. Finally he became Bishop of Merida in Spain for twenty-two years.
+ 255 (or 304). A virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Valerian or Diocletian. Her relics are enshrined in Naples in Italy.
Restituta and Companions
+ 272. Born in Rome of a noble family, she fled to Sora in Campania in Italy to escape persecution under Aurelian but was martyred there with several companions.
+ c 299. A martyr in Rome under Diocletian.
? Bishop of Carthage in North Africa.
Reverianus, Paul and Companions
+ 272. Born in Italy, Reverianus, a bishop, and Paul, a priest, went to France. They enlightened Autun and the surrounding area and were martyred with several companions under Aurelian.
? A saint recalled by the dedication of a church in Llanllyfni in North Wales.
Rheticus (Rheticius, Rhetice)
+ 334. A Gallo-Roman who became Bishop of Autun in France c 310.
Rhian (Ranus, Rian) Mar
? An abbot who has left his name to Llanrhian in Dyfed in Wales.
? 7th cent. Patron of Llanrhyddlad at the foot of Moel Rhyddlad in Anglesey in Wales.
7th cent. Monk and Abbot of Saint-Valèry-sur-Somme in France. He may also have been a bishop in Normandy and Picardy. He is the patron of several churches near Rouen.
+ c 790. Seventeenth Abbot of Saint-Oyend in France. He is venerated in Franche-Comté.
+ 720. An noble from the west of England and father of Sts Willibald, Winebald and Walburga. He reposed at Lucca on a pilgrimage to Rome.
Richard of St Vannes
+ 1046. Called 'Gratia Dei, 'Thanks be to God', from a phrase he often said. He became a monk at St Vannes in Verdun in the north of France.
+ c 895. Married at the age of twenty-two to the Frankish Emperor Charles the Fat, after nineteen years of married life she was accused of unfaithfulness. Her innocence was established, but she became a nun at the convent of Andlau which she had founded.
+ c 645. Born at Centula (Celles) near Amiens in the north of France, he became a priest and founded a monastery in his native village, later called Saint-Riquier after him,. He was the first to devote himself to the work of ransoming captives and reposed a hermit.
+ c 715. Under the patronage of the Bishop of Le Mans in France he founded a monastery, later called Saint-Rigomer-des-Bois after him.
+ 688. Born in Gascony in France, she married St Adalbald, by whom she had four children - all saints, Maurontius, Eusebia, Clotsindis and Adalsindis. After her husband's repose she became a nun and founded the convent of Marchiennes in the north of France.
+ c 745. Monk and Abbot of Orbais in France, in 721 he became Archbishop of Rheims but some years later was banished by the Frank Charles Martel. He returned to Orbais and resumed monastic life. On being recalled to Rheims, he came to terms with the intruded bishop and himself became a hermit.
+ c 480. A nephew of St Patrick and Abbot of Innisboffin in Ireland.
+ c 690. Monk and abbot of a small monastery in Varennes in France.
Robert of Syracuse
+ c 1000. Abbot of a monastery in Syracuse in Sicily.
? An early martyr in Milan in Italy.
Robustian and Mark
? Martyrs venerated in Milan in Italy from early times,.
+ c 690. A monk and priest from Ireland who preached in Germany and entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. He moved to the forest of Argonn in France where he founded the monastery of Wasloi, later known as Beaulieu.
Rogatian and Felicissimus
+ 256. Rogatian, a priest, and Felicissimus, a layman, belonged to the church of Carthage in North Africa where they were martyred.
Rogatus, Successus and Companions
? A group of eighteen martyrs in North Africa.
Rogelius and Servus-Dei
+ 852. A monk and his young disciple martyred in Cordoba in Spain for publicly denouncing Islam.
+ 324. A virgin born in Rome who reposed at the age of eighteen while living as an anchoress in a cave on the banks of the Tiber in Italy.
Romanus of Condat
+ c 460. A Gallo-Roman who at the age of thirty-five went to live as a hermit in the Jura mountains, where he was followed by his brother St Lupicinus. Many disciples soon gathered round the two brothers, who then founded the monasteries of Condat (later known as Saint-Oyend) and Leuconne, over which they ruled together, and the convent of La Beaume (later called St-Romain-de-la-Roche) where their sister was abbess.
Romanus of Subiaco
+ c 560. A monk who lived near Subiaco in Italy, discovered the hermitage of St Benedict, made him a monk and gave him his daily food.
+ 258. An early martyr in Rome.
Romanus of Nepi
1st cent. A Bishop and martyr of Nepi in Tuscany in Italy, by tradition a disciple of St Ptolemy.
Romanus of Auxerre
+ ? 564. Bishop of Auxerre in France.
Romanus of Rouen
+ 639. Bishop of Rouen. He devoted himself to the care of prisoners, particularly those condemned to death, and he also preached actively against paganism.
Romanus of Le Mans
+ 385. A Gallo-Roman priest who converted the pagans living at the mouth of the Gironde. He reposed in Blaye in France. He was especially honoured by sailors.
+ 653. A monk at Luxeuil in France, he founded the monastery of Habendum (afterwards called Remiremont, i.e. Romarici Mons, of which he became the second abbot.
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Rome (Martyrs of)
+ c 304. Thirty soldiers martyred in Rome under Diocletian.
+ c 303. Many martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian for refusing to give up the Holy Scriptures.
+ 262. Forty soldiers who suffered on the Via Lavicana in Rome under Gallienus.
? 250. Ten soldiers martyred on the Via Lavicana in Rome.
+ 269. Two hundred and sixty martyrs condemned to dig sand on the Salarian Way in Rome and later shot to death with arrows in the amphitheatre under Claudius II.
+ 219. A large number of martyrs martyred in Rome under Alexander Severus and the prefect Ulpian.
+ 260 (?) A group of nine hundred martyrs buried in the catacombs of Callistus on the Appian Way in Rome.
+ c 67. Forty-seven martyrs baptised by tradition by the Apostle Peter. They are said to have suffered in Rome under Nero, all on the same day.
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs in Rome.
+ c 115. A number of criminals baptised by Pope Alexander during his imprisonment. They were taken to Ostia near Rome and put on board a boat which was then scuttled.
? A group of two hundred and sixty-two martyrs who suffered under Diodetian and buried on the old Via Salaria in Rome.
c 68. Three soldiers who were converted at the martyrdom of the Apostle Paul in Rome and then were themselves martyred.
+ 303. Twenty-three martyrs on the Salarian Way in Rome under Diocletian.
+ 274. One hundred and sixty-five martyrs martyred in Rome under Aurelian.
+ 269. Forty-six soldiers and one hundred and twenty-one civilians martyred in Rome under Claudius II.
+ c 303. A group of thirty martyrs who suffered in Rome under Diocletian and were buried on the Via Lavicana.
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c 951-1027. Born in Ravenna in Italy, in his youth he saw his father commit a murder and resolved to repent for it by becoming a monk at Classe near Ravenna. In 996 he became abbot of that monastery. However, he left it in 999 and led a wandering life, establishing hermitages and monasteries, among them Camaldoli near Arezzo in 1009.
Romula, Redempta and Herundo
+ c 580. Three holy virgins who lived as ascetics near the church of St Mary Major in Rome.
Romulus and Secundus (Secundulus)
? Two brothers who suffered in North Africa.
+ c 730. Abbot of St Baudilius near Nimes in France. About 720 he and his monks fled before the invading Saracens and settled in a ruined monastery in Saissy-les-Bois.
Romulus and Companions
+ c 90. By tradition ordained by the Apostle Peter as first pastor of Fiesole, he was martyred with several companions under Domitian.
+ c 641. Bishop of Genoa in Italy. He reposed at the coastal town of Matuziano, since renamed San Remo after him.
Romulus and Conindrus
+ c 450. Two of the first people to preach Orthodoxy on the Isle of Man, they were contemporaries of St Patrick.
? An early bishop of Cornish origin who preached in Cornwall and in Brittany.
+ c 869. A saint whose relics were enshrined at Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in France.
Ruadan (Ruadhan, Rodan)
+ 584. One of the leading disciples of St Finian of Clonard, he founded the monastery of Lothra in Ireland.
Rudericus (Roderick) and Salomon (Solomon)
+ 857. Roderick was a priest in Cabra near Cordoba in Spain who was betrayed by his Muslim brother and imprisoned there. In prison he met his fellow-martyr, Salomon. They were both martyred in Cordoba.
907-977. Born of a noble family in Galicia in Spain, he became Bishop of Mondoñedo and then of Compostella. In this capacity he opposed with equal success both the Vikings and the Saracens. Exiled from Compostella through an intrigue, he founded the monastery of Celanova and other monasteries.
6th cent. Successor of St Tudwal as Bishop of Tréguier in Brittany.
+ 382. First Bishop of Forlimpopoli in Emilia in Italy.
Rufina, Moderata, Romana, Secundus and Seven Companions
? 4th cent. Martyrs at Sirmium in Pannonia.
Rufina and Secunda
+ 257. Two virgin-martyrs in Rome under Valerian, buried at Santa Rufina on the Aurelian Way.
Rufinus and Martia
? Martyrs in one of the early persecutions in Syracuse in Sicily.
Rufinus and Secundus
? Early martyrs buried on the Via Cornelia at the eleventh milestone from Rome.
? A martyr in one of the early persecutions in Assisi in Italy.
Rufinus and Companions
? An early bishop, martyred with companions in Italy.
? A saint venerated in Mantua in Italy from early times.
5th cent. Bishop of Capua in Italy. His relics are enshrined in the cathedral.
Rufinus, Mark, Valerius and Companions
? Martyrs in North Africa.
? A hermit at Glendalough in Ireland.
Rufus of Capua
? Bishop of Capua and disciple of St Apollinaris of Ravenna.
Rufus and Carpophorus (Carpone)
+ 295. Martyrs in Capua under Diocletian. Rufus was a deacon.
Rufus of Metz
+ c 400. An early Bishop of Metz in France He was bishop for some twenty-nine years.
Rufus of Avignon
+ c 200. Venerated as the first Bishop of Avignon in France.
Rufus of Rome
+ c 90. The disciple whom St Paul greets in Romans 16, 13.
Rufus and Companions
+ 304. A citizen of Rome who was martyred with his entire household under Diocletian.
Rufus and Zosimus
+ c 107. Citizens of Philippi brought to Rome with St Ignatius of Antioch and thrown to the beasts in the Roman amphitheatre two days before the latter's martyrdom.
+ c 775. Probably from England, he was a monk who became a bishop with St Willibrord in Holland and in Brabant in Belgium. He was murdered near Malines.
6th cent.? A bishop and patron-saint of Tavistock in England. Romansleigh in Devon is named after him.
+ c 650. A three-day old infant and prince, who professed the Faith immediately after baptism and then died.
+ c 717. Probably born in France, he became Bishop of Worms and began to spread Orthodoxy in the south of Germany. He started in Regensburg and pushed his way along the Danube. The Duke of Bavaria gave him the old ruined town of Iuvavum, which Rupert rebuilt and called Salzburg. Here he founded the monastery of St Peter and the convent of Nonnberg, where his sister Ermentrude was abbess. He is venerated as the first Archbishop of Salzburg and Apostle of Bavaria and Austria.
Rupert and Bertha
9th cent. A hermit who lived with his mother Bertha on a hill near Bingen in Germany. The hill has been since called after him, Rupertsberg.
? 4th cent. A martyr at Sirmium in Pannonia.
+ 446. Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in France 426-446.
+ 574. Bishop of Trier in Germany. He resigned to live at the hermitage of St Goar.
+ c 462. A monk of Lérins who later became Bishop of Narbonne in France. He was present at the Third Oecumenical Council in Ephesus in 431.
+ 250. Born in North Africa. During the persecution of Decius he fled from place to place, but he was finally arrested, bravely confessed Christ and was martyred.
Rutilus and Companions
? Martyrs at Sabaria (Sabar) in Pannonia, now Hungary.