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+ 672. Born near Cork in Ireland, St Comgall entrusted him to found a monastery at Achadh-Ur, now Freshford, in Kilkenny.
+ 533. A monk at the age of twelve, he is honoured near Orleans in France, his relics enshrined in the village of St Lié.
7th cent. A hermit in Scotland, he left his name to the islet of Lamlash off the coast of the Isle of Arran in Scotland.
Lambert of Lyons
+ 688. Born in the north of France, he became a monk at Fontenelle with St Wandrille whom he succeeded as abbot in 666. In 678 he became Bishop of Lyons.
Lambert of Saragossa
+ c 900. A servant who was martyred near Saragossa in Spain by his Saracen master.
+ 709. Born in Maastricht in Holland, he became bishop there in 668, but in 674 he was driven out by the tyrant Ebroin. He then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot in Belgium. He returned later and did much to help St Willibrord. He was murdered in the then village of Liège and is venerated as a martyr.
Lambert and Valerius (Bellère, Beriher)
+ c 680. Disciples of St Gislenus in Belgium and the north of France.
c 625-686. Born near Bapaume, Landelinus lived for a time as a robber, but he repented and became a monk. He was later ordained and founded monasteries in France and Belgium, at Lobbes in 654, Aulne (656), Walers (657) and Crespin (Crepy) in 670.
7th cent. The eldest son of Sts Madelgarus and Waldetrudis. From 641 to 650 he was Bishop of Meaux in France, but on the repose of his father he succeeded him as Abbot of Soignies.
+ c 661. Bishop of Paris in France from 650. He founded the first hospital - Hôtel-Dieu - in Paris.
+ 1050 (?). A monk at Novalese in Savoy in Italy, drowned in the River Arc by evildoers.
Landoald and Amantius
+ c 668. A priest and deacon who helped enlighten what is now Belgium and north-eastern France. They founded the church at Wintershoven.
+ c 690. Foundress and first Abbess of Munsterbilsen in Belgium.
Lantfrid, Waltram and Elilantus
+ c 770. Three brothers who founded the monastery of Benediktbeuren in Bavaria in Germany and succeeded one another as abbots.
Lasar (Lassar, Lassera)
6th cent. A nun in Ireland and niece of St Forchera.
+ 639. He founded the monastery and bishopric of Leighlin in Ireland.
Latinus of Brescia
+ 115. Flavius Latinus succeeded St Viator as the third Bishop of Brescia in Italy (84-115). He suffered imprisonment and torture with other Christians.
+ 864. Born in Cordoba, in Spain, as a widow she became a nun at Cuteclara. Condemned as a Christian by the Moors she was thrown into a cauldron of molten lead.
Laurence of Canterbury
+ 619. Sent by St Gregory the Great to England, St Augustine sent him back to Rome to report on the English mission and to bring more help. The second Archbishop of Canterbury from 604, he suffered during the pagan reaction and thought of fleeing to France. He was rebuked by the Apostle Peter in a dream and in the end succeeded in converting Eadbald.
Laurence the Illuminator
+ 576. A Syrian driven by the Monophysite persecution to Italy, there he was ordained and founded a monastery near Spoleto. He was bishop for twenty years, but then founded the monastery of Farfa in the Sabine hills near Rome. St Laurence was renowned as a peacemaker. His title derives from his gift of healing blindness, both spiritual and physical.
Laurence of Siponto
+ c 546. Called Majoranus. Bishop of Siponto in Italy from 492, he built the church of St Michael on Mt Gargano.
Laurence of Novara and Companions
+ c 397. He helped St Gaudentius, Bishop of Novara, in Piedmont in Italy. He was martyred with a group of children whom he was instructing.
Laurence of Rome
+ 258. St Laurence was one of the deacons of Pope Sixtus II and was martyred three days after the Pope by being roasted on a gridiron. He has always been venerated as one of the most celebrated martyrs of Rome. His martyrdom, said Prudentius, was the death of idolatry in Rome. He was buried on the Via Tiburtina, where his basilica now stands.
Laurentinus, Ignatius and Celerina
3rd cent. Martyrs in North Africa. Sts Laurentinus and Ignatius were uncles and St Celerina was an aunt of the deacon St Celerinus.
+ 485. A boy aged five, martyred on Good Friday in Valrovina near Vicenza in Italy.
+ ? c 544. Born in Pannonia, now Hungary, he was ordained deacon in Milan in Italy and later became Archbishop of Seville in Spain. He was martyred in Bourges in France.
7th cent. Born in Wales, he went to Brittany and founded the monastery later called after him, Saint-Léry, on the River Doneff.
Lauto (Laudo, Laudus, Lô)
+ c 568. Bishop of Coutances in France for forty years (528-568). His estate became the village of Saint-Lô.
6th cent. Four churches are dedicated to him near St David's in Wales.
Lazarus of Milan
+ c 450. Archbishop of Milan in Italy, he defended his flock from the Ostrogoths.
+ 384. An aristocrat in Rome who on the death of her husband entered the convent of St Marcella, where she spent the rest of her life serving the nuns.
550-600. The elder brother of Sts Fulgentius, Isidore and Florentina. He entered a monastery in his early youth and was later sent to Constantinople on a diplomatic mission. There he met St Gregory the Great, who became a close friend. On his return to Spain, Leander became Archbishop of Seville. He revised and unified the Spanish liturgy, converted St Hermenegild and helped convert the Visigoths from Arianism. He was responsible for holding two national Councils at Toledo in 589 and 590.
? A holy virgin connected with Limerick and Kerry. Several places in Ireland are named after her.
Leo of Catania
703-787. Known in Sicily as St Leo the Wonderworker. He was a learned priest in Ravenna who became Bishop of Catania.
Leo, Donatus, Abundantius, Nicephorus and Companions
? A group of thirteen martyrs who laid down their lives for Christ in North Africa.
Leo of Rouen
c 856-900. Born in Carentan in France, he became Bishop of Rouen but later preached the Gospel in Navarre in Spain and the Basque provinces, which had been devastated by the Saracens. He was beheaded near Bayonne, where he is the patron-saint.
+ c 900. He became Abbot of Corleone in Sicily and is also honoured in Calabria in Italy. He died a centenarian after eighty years of monastic life.
? A bishop and martyr, perhaps under the Arians, in the Agro Verano in Italy.
Leo of Sens
+ 541. Bishop of Sens in France for twenty-three years.
Leo of Troyes
+ c 550. A monk who succeeded St Romanus as Abbot of Mantenay near Troyes in France.
+ 816. Born in Rome, he became Pope of Rome in 795. He suffered much from political factions in Rome and was himself seized and tortured. Leo refused to add the filioque to the Nicene Creed.
+ 683. Born in Sicily, he became Pope of Rome in 681. During his papacy, the former Pope Honorius I was condemned for not denouncing Monothelitism.
Leo the Great
Nov 10 (In the East Feb 18)
+ 461. Probably born in Tuscany in Italy, he became Bishop of Rome in 440. He fought against many heresies. His celebrated Tomos defined the Orthodox belief in the Two Natures and One Person of Christ. It was acclaimed as the teaching of the Orthodox Church at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The most famous event of his life was his meeting with Attila outside the gates of Rome which resulted in the salvation of the city in 452.
Leo of Nonantula
+ 1000. Monk and abbot of the monastery of Nonantula near Modena in Italy.
+ 650. Founder of Fleury, later called Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, near Orleans in France.
+ 593. A hermit in Tours in France near the monastery of Marmoutier for twenty-two years.
+ c 556. Born near Poitiers in France, he was the son of a peasant. Early in life he became a hermit, then a priest, Abbot of Brou and finally Bishop of Chartres.
+ c 303. A holy virgin in Toledo in Spain who was condemned to death and died in prison under Diocletian.
+ 859. A holy virgin in Cordoba in Spain. Her parents were Moors, but she was converted to Orthodoxy and as a result was driven from her home. She was sheltered by St Eulogius but both were flogged and beheaded.
c 616-678. Nephew of the Bishop of Poitiers in France, in 653 he became Abbot of St Maxentius. In 659 he became Bishop of Autun. His connection with the court brought on him the fury of the tyrant Ebroin who had the saint imprisoned, blinded and finally murdered.
Leonard of Avranches
+ c 614. In his early years he lived badly, but once converted, largely by the prayers of his mother, he was elected Bishop of Avranches.
Leonard of Vandoeuvre
+ c 570. A hermit who founded Vandoeuvre, now Saint-Leonard-aux-Bois, near Le Mans in France
Leonard of Noblac
? + c 559. A French courtier converted by St Remi of Rheims in France. On the advice of that saint, St Leonard went to live in the monastery of Micy near Orleans and later he became a hermit in a neighbouring forest, now called Noblac.
+ c 570. Born in Pannonia, he was taken as a prisoner to France and on regaining his freedom lived as a hermit near Autun.
+ c 570. A son of Hoel, King of Brittany, but born in Wales and consecrated bishop by St Dyfrig. Once in Brittany, then ruled by his brother Hoel II, he founded the monastery of Pontual, near Saint Malo.
+ 640. Bishop of Saintes in France and a friend of St Malo.
Leontius the Younger
c 510-565. A soldier who served against the Visigoths. He married and went to live in Bordeaux in France where he became bishop.
Leontius the Elder
+ c 541. Bishop of Bordeaux in France and the predecessor of St Leontius the Younger.
+ c 432. Bishop of Fréjus in France from c 419 to c 432. He was a great friend of St John Cassian who dedicated his first ten Conferences to him.
+ 7th cent. Monk and Abbot of St Symphorian of Vivaris in Berry in France. He was murdered and venerated as a martyr.
+ 362. A servant or slave in the household of Julian the Apostate. His martyrdom probably took place in Rome.
+ 718. Of noble family, Léothade became a monk and Abbot of Moissac in the south of France. Later he became Bishop of Auch.
Leovigild and Christopher
+ 852. Leovigild was a monk and pastor in Cordoba in Spain and Christopher a monk of the monastery of St Martin de La Rojana near Cordoba. They were martyred in Cordoba under Abderrahman II.
Leucius of Brindisi
+ c 180. Venerated as the first Bishop of Brindisi in Italy where he had come as a missionary from Alexandria.
+ c 585. Bishop of Chartres in France.
4th cent. A priest whose relics were honoured in Viguenza in Italy.
+ 738. Founder of the monastery La Croix-Saint-Ouen (later called Saint-Leufroy) near Evreux in France where he was abbot for nearly fifty years. He cared for poor children.
6th cent. Perhaps from Wales, he came to Cornwall and gave his name to St Levan.
5th cent. A Briton and virgin-martyr venerated in Seaford in Sussex in England.
c 980. He became Bishop in Jutland in Denmark and met the needs of the growing number of Orthodox there but was martyred by pagans.
+ c 773. A monk at Ripon in England, he went to Holland and took part in the work begun by St Boniface. He worked with St Marcellinus under St Gregory of Utrecht and founded a church in Deventer. From there he preached to the Saxons and the Frisians.
938-1013. Born in Swabia in Germany, he became Bishop of Hamburg in 988.
+ c 400. A priest from the area near Ancona in Italy, he worked for the conversion of the Arians and suffered much at their hands. His relics are enshrined at Treviso.
5th cent. Sister of St Epiphanius of Pavia in Italy and St Honorata.
+ 580. A holy virgin in Como in Italy where with her sister St Faustina she founded the convent of Santa Margarita. Both reposed in 580. Their relics are in Como Cathedral.
Liberatus, Boniface, Servus, Rusticus, Rogatus, Septimus and Maximus
+ 483. Liberatus was abbot of a monastery in North Africa, the others were monks: Boniface, a deacon, Servus and Rusticus, sub-deacons, Rogatus and Septimus, monks, and Maximus, a child educated in the monastery. All were martyred under the Arian King Hunneric.
Liberatus and Bajulus
? Martyrs venerated in Rome.
+ c 200. Bishop of Ravenna in Italy, venerated as one of the founders of that diocese.
+ 783. Born in Malines in Belgium, he was baptised and became a monk with St Rumoldus. Later he moved to the monastery of Saint-Trond where he was martyred by barbarians.
+ 390. Bishop of Le Mans in France from 348 to 390. He is the patron saint of Paderborn in Germany where his relics were moved in 836.
+ c 548. Born in Spain, probably in Lérida (Ilerda), he went to France and in 506 became Bishop of Couserans.
+ c 616. Of noble origin, he became a monk and was chosen Bishop of Angers in France in 586 and consecrated by St Gregory of Tours.
+ 690? According to tradition he was born in England and was a bishop and companion of King Cadwalla during the latter's pilgrimage to Rome. While returning to England, Liephard was murdered near Cambrai in France.
Sept 23 (In the East Jan 4 and Nov 5)
+ c 79. The first Pope of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4,21. He was Pope for twelve years (67-79) and is venerated as a martyr.
+ c 781. A relative of St Boniface, St Lioba became a nun at Wimborne. In 748, at the request of St Boniface, she left England for Germany together with a group of nuns and became Abbess of Bischoffsheim. She was greatly loved by her nuns. St Lioba's convents were one of the most important factors in the conversion of Germany.
+ c 550. A prominent lawyer in Orleans in France, at the age of fifty he founded the monastery of Meung-sur-Loire.
+ c 600. Chaplain and bishop of Queen Bertha of Kent. He may have played an important part in the conversion of King Ethelbert, preparing for the conversion of Kent.
+ c 713. Founder of Mettlach in Germany and then Bishop of Trier.
6th cent. Abbot of Bardsey in Wales, he accompanied St Cadfan to Brittany.
Llewellyn (LLywelyn) and Gwrnerth
6th cent. Monks from Wales who lived in Welshpool and later on Bardsey.
6th cent. The patron-saint of Llanlibio in Anglesey in Wales.
5th cent. A disciple of St Patrick of Ireland.
+ c ? 1034. A bishop in Scotland.
+ c 450. A nephew of St Patrick and the first Bishop of Trim in Meath in Ireland.
Lombards (Martyrs under the)
+ c 579. A group of eighty martyrs killed by the Lombards in Campania in Italy.
+ 593. A shepherd boy near Chartres in France and then priest, he became a hermit. Disciples came and he founded the monastery of Corbion near Chartres. He lived to be over a hundred.
Lonochilus (Longis, Lenogisil) and Agnofleda
+ 653 and 638. The first was a priest who founded a monastery in Maine in France, Agnofleda was a holy virgin.
c 756. Founder of a monastery in the forest of Argentan in France which was later called Saint-Loyer-des-Champs after him. He then became Bishop of Séez for thirty-two years.
6th cent. Born in Ireland, he is the patron-saint of St Ludgran in Cornwall.
Lua (Lugid, Molua)
554-609? Originally from Limerick in Ireland, he became a disciple of St Comgall and founded many monasteries. A great ascetic, he was of great tenderness to both man and beast.
5th cent. A martyr in Lagny in France, where his relics were enshrined.
Lucian, Maximian and Julian
+ c 290. Martyrs in Beauvais in the north of France.
Lucian, Metrobius, Paul, Zenobius, Theotimus and Drusus
? Martyrs in Tripoli in North Africa.
? Bishop of Verona in Italy.
+ ? 938. A monk of St Peter's near Aquara in the south of Italy.
? An early martyr in Rome.
+ c 618. Bishop of Angers in France.
Lucius, Silvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus and Maximus
? Martyrs in North Africa.
+ 254. He succeeded St Cornelius as Pope of Rome in 253 and was at once sent into exile. He was referred to as a martyr by St Cyprian.
Lucius, Rogatus, Cassian and Candida
? Martyrs in Rome.
? + c 200. A noble in Britain. According to tradition, he asked that missionaries be sent to Britain and they founded the dioceses of London and Llandaff.
+ 306. A virgin-martyr in Mérida in the west of Spain.
Lucy and Geminian
+ c 300. A widow and a neophyte martyred together in Rome under Diocletian.
Lucy of Syracuse
+ 304. A virgin-martyr who suffered in Syracuse in Sicily under Diocletian. She is one of the most famous Western virgin-martyrs. Her relics are preserved in Venice in Italy.
+ 809. Born in Frisia, he returned to his homeland from England, but mainly preached in Westphalia of which he is the Apostle. His gentleness did more to attract the Saxons to Christ than all the brutal armies of Charlemagne. He lived for a time at Montecassino in Italy. He was the first Bishop of Münster in Germany.
+ 921. Princess of Czechia, entrusted with the education of the young prince St Wenceslas, she was the victim of jealousy and was strangled by hired assassins.
+ 983. Abbot of New Corvey in Westphalia in Germany from 971 to 983.
+ 713. Born in Austrasia in the east of France, he married. Left a widower, he founded the monastery of Mettlach and became a monk. Later he became Bishop of Trier in Germany
+ ? 850. A saint honoured near Cologne in Germany, where she lived as an anchoress.
+ 787. A monk at Malmesbury in England and a relative of St Boniface, he went to Germany and in 751 St Boniface consecrated him bishop. After his master's martyrdom he took his place. He founded several monasteries.
300. Perhaps born in Spain, he was martyred under Diocletian. He is especially venerated in Tarbes in France.
6th (or 8th) cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy.
Lupicinus and Felix
5th cent. Bishops of Lyons in France.
+ c 480. Brother of St Romanus of Condat, with whom he founded the monasteries of St Claud (Condat) in the Jura, and Lauconne.
5th cent. Bishop of Verona in Italy, described as 'the most holy, the best of bishops'.
Lupus of Châlons
+ c 610. Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône in France, famous for his charity to the afflicted.
Lupus of Troyes
384-478. Born in Toul in France, he married the sister of St Hilary. After seven years, husband and wife separated by mutual consent, Lupus becoming a monk at Lérins. In 426 he became Bishop of Troyes. He accompanied St Germanus of Auxerre to Britain to oppose Pelagianism. In 453 he succeeded in saving Troyes from Attila. He reposed at the age of ninety-four.
Lupus of Sens
+ 623. A monk at Lérins who became Bishop of Sens in France in 609. He was slandered and exiled but was recalled by his people and fully vindicated.
Lupus of Lyons
+ 542. A monk at a monastery near Lyons in France who became Archbishop there. He suffered much in the troubles which followed the death of St Sigismund, King of Burgundy.
Lupus of Soissons
+ c 540. A nephew of St Remi of Rheims who became Bishop of Soissons in France.
Lupus of Bayeux
5th cent. Bishop of Bayeux in France.
Lupus of Verona
? Bishop of Verona in Italy.
Luxorius, Cisellus and Camerinus
+ 303. Martyrs in Sardinia beheaded under Diocletian. Luxorius had been a soldier in the imperial army, the other two were boys whom he helped to accept martyrdom.
? A saint in Wales to whom two churches are dedicated.
+ c 1038. A monk at Montecassino who died as a hermit at La Cava in Italy.